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Cannibalism Presentation

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on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Cannibalism Presentation

Comes from the spanish word "
" which dates back to early American settler, Christopher Columbus, who stated that the West Indian Carib Tribe of the Native Americans, ate human flesh instead of fruit and fish.
History of Cannibalism
Bone Appétit: Cannibalism on the Bones
History Cont.
Cannibalism now presents itself in modern day literature, movies, and television.
It can be difficult to positively identify cannibalism on skeletal remains.

We often see evidence of defleshing and processing but it can be hard to prove human consumption.

Cannibalism on Bones
Bone breakage
Butchery/ cut marks
Anvil abrasions
Burning or charring
The near complete absence of vertebrae and/or spongy bone
“pot polishing”

Six Main Identifiable Markers:
The bones are broken, most often on the shafts of the long bones, to get to the marrow, or the top of the cranium is cracked open in order to get to the brain.
Bone Breakage
Tooth marks that are the direct result of a human gnawing or chewing on the bone.

Human Chewing
Cannibalism & the Law
is not
Armin Meiwes
Papua New Guinea
Cannibalism has been practiced as a war tactic, as a way of dealing with suspected witches, and as a mortuary practice
Possible charges:
Dismemberment of a body
Any crimes committed against the victim before death or to the body postmortem
R v. Dudley and Stephens
Issei Sagawa
Declared mentally incompetent to stand trial
Returned to Japan and
spent only 1 year in a
psychiatric hospital
Became an "expert" in
the subject of cannibalism
and a celebrity
Met his victim online
Claimed that his victim had consented to being murdered and eaten
He was first convicted of manslaughter then was retried and received a life sentence
Richard Parker, the 17 year old cabin boy, had become sick after drinking saltwater and was chosen by Dudley and Stephens to be killed and eaten so they could survive
The case set the precedent that survival or necessity would not excuse murder
When Australia took over the administration they began holding trials against suspected cannibals
Judges proclaimed that cannibalism was against the new constitution and should be stopped
Berry-Dee, Christopher
2011 Cannibal Serial Killers; Profiles of Depraved, Flesh-eating murderers.
Ulysses Press
. 1:23-56

Bower, Bruce.
2013 Cannibalism in Colonial America.
Science News
. 183.11:5-6

Cheng, Meiling
2005 Violent Capital: Zhu Yu on File.

Hurlbut, Sharon
2000 The taphonomy of Cannibalism: a review of anthropogenic bone modification in the American Southwest. International Jounrnal of Osteoarchaeology. 10(1):4-26.

Lindenbaum, Shirley
2004 Thinking About Cannibalism.
Annual Review of Anthropology
33: 475-498

Mallin, M.G.
1967 In Warm Blood: Some Historical and Procedural Aspects of Regina v. Dudley and Stephens.
The University of Chicago Law Review
34: 387-407

Turner II, C.G.
1993 Cannibalism in Chaco Canyon: the charnel pit excavated in 1926 at Small House Ruin by Frank H.H Roberst, Jr. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 91:421-439
In Conclusion...
According to some archeologists, cannibalism has been present since the Upper Paleolithic period.

There was evidence of cannibalism during the Stone Age, where ritualistic cannibalistic acts were written on the walls of caves that date back to 18,000 BC.

A story in the Bible presents itself as cannibalistic when two mothers decide to eat their own children as an act of survival during a siege of their town.
Cannibalism has been used to describe Jews as cannibalistic demons, hungry for the blood of Christian babies.

The Aztecs were believed to have practiced large scale ritualistic cannibalism on prisoners of war.
Cannibalism is divided into two groups, ritualistic, and survival.
Michael Wallrath NBCNEWS.com
London Illustrated News
Butchery/ Cut Marks
These are marks on the bones where a knife, or any other sharp instrument, carved into the bone during defleshing and processing.

Anvil Abrasions
Marks that occur from having been struck with a hammerstone or the slipping of the bones from an anvil during processing.

This occurred after the removal of soft tissue.

Burning or Charring
Blackened and/or cracked segments of bone caused from having been deliberately cooked in/over a fire.

Missing Vertebrae
The vertebra and spongy bone are missing.

They can be boiled and crushed for the marrow and grease.

This is questionable because there is always the possibility that they were simply lost.

Pot Polishing
Polished portions of the bone that are the result of being stirred in a pot.

This is mostly seen on the ends of long bones (or pieces of the long bones.

Can be difficult to identify because it occurs over a
very small surface area.

By Krystyn Kluth, Madelyn Pratt, and Haleigh Giovanetti
CNN World

Murdered a female international student
Case Study: Jane
Jane was found in Jamestown, Virginia with evidence of cannibalism present on her skull and shin bone.
People are fascinated by cannibalism and its place in our society.

Determining cannibalism from the bone can be controversial and difficult to do.

Cannibalism from a legal aspect is difficult to prosecute as there are no specific laws prohibiting the consumption of human flesh. Instead, each case is treated as an isolated incident. Prosecutors rely on punishing any other crimes committed to the victim before or after death.
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