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The Black Panthers
Transcript of The Black Panthers
Influenced by the teachings of Malcolm X and the Black Power movement. Who were the Black Panthers? Origin: The ten Point Program Cont. of Origin Origanlly called the B.P.P.S.D
Later became known as The Black Panther Party.
An African American organization.
Promoted self-defense and civil rights Panther Quote “If you don't attack us, there won't be any violence; [but] if you bring violence to us, we will defend ourselves.” (http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/interviews/seale/). Founders Huey P. Newton Founders Bobby Seale Rules and Regulations The Rules Of the Black Panther Party
The Three Main Rules of Discipline
The Eight Points Of Attention
The Black Child's Pledge The Rules Of the Black Panther Party (26) 1. No party member can have narcotics or
cannibus in his possession while doing party work. The Three Main Rules of Discipline 1. We want power to determine the destiny of our black and oppressed communities.
2. We want full employment for our people.
3.We want an end to the robbery.
4.We want decent housing, fit for the shelter of human beings.
5. We want decent education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society. We want education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.
6.We want completely free health care for all black and oppressed people.
7.We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people, other people of color, all oppressed people inside the United States.
8.We want an immediate end to all wars of aggression.
9. We want freedom for all black and oppressed people now held in U.S. Federal, state, country, city, and military prisons and jails.
10. We want trials by a jury of peers for all persons charged with so-called crimes under the laws of this country.
We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace, and people’s community control of modern technology. Founded in Oakland, California in 1966 Founders: Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. Born February17, 1942 in Monroe, Louisiana. Began having an interest in politics,
while attending Oakland City College. Was first influenced by Plato’s book Republic and later was influenced by other author’s works such as, Franz Fanon, Malcolm X, and others. Recognized by his followers as “Defense Minister”. Arrested for murder in October 1967. Turned to drugs after Seale left party and later was murdered in a drug dispute (August 22, 1989). Born October 22, 1936. Recognized by his followers as “the chairman” Charged with conspiracy to insight riots(1969). Attempted to reform institution for world wide justice. In 1970 and 1971 he was tried for the torture murder of a former Panther. 3. No party member can be inebriated while doing daily party work. 9. When arrested Black Panther members will give only name, address, and will sign nothing. Legal first aid must be understood by all Party members. 23. Everyone in a leadership position must read no less than two hours per day to keep abreast of the changing political situation. 21. All Branches must implement First Aid and/or Medical Cadres.
Obey orders in all your actions.
Do not take a single needle or piece of thread from the poor and oppressed masses.
Turn in everything captured from the attacking enemy. The Eight Points Of Attention
Pay fairly for what you buy.
Return everything you borrow.
Pay for anything you damage.
Do not hit or swear at people.
Do not damage property or crops of the poor, oppressed masses.
Do not take liberties with women.
If we ever have to take captives do not ill-treat them. The Black Child's Pledge I pledge allegiance to my Black People.
I pledge to develop my mind and body to the greatest extent possible.
I will learn all that I can in order to give my best to my People in their struggle for liberation.
I will keep myself physically fit, building a strong body free from drugs and other substances which weaken me and make me less capable of protecting myself, my family and my Black brothers and sisters.
I will unselfishly share my knowledge and understanding with them in order to bring about change more quickly.
I will discipline myself to direct my energies thoughtfully and constructively rather than wasting them in idle hatred.
I will train myself never to hurt or allow others to harm my Black brothers and sisters for I recognize that we need every Black Man, Woman, and Child to be physically, mentally and psychologically strong.
These principles I pledge to practice daily and to teach them to others in order to unite my People. Goals Wanted to:
“guard against police brutality in black neighborhoods and provide social services” (http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/interviews/seale/)
“capture the imagination of the black community, so that we could better organize them into a political electoral machine” (http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/interviews/seale Panther Accomplishments Grew to be 5,000 strong
Free Breakfast for Children Program
Testing for Sickle Cell Disease
Emergency Response Ambulance Program
Drug and Alcohol Abuse Rehabilitation
Lessons on Self Defense and First Aid
Transportation to see inmates in prisons Political Activities 1.Merged with Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
2.Organized a march on the California state capital in 1967
3.Free Huey Campaign
4.BPP minister Eldridge Cleaver ran for presidential office on the Peace and Party Ticket Conflicts and the End of the Panthers Police Brutality Murders: Bobby Hutton,
Fred Hampton 21 Panther’s charged for plotting to assassinate police officers and blow up buildings. End of founders In 1974 both Seale and Newton left the party.
The downfall to the party came in the late 1970’s.
New Black Panthers Party founded in 1989 in Texas
but it has no relation to old group. Ideology: Far Left References “Black Panther Party” CNN. Retrieved February 16, 2007. <http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/interviews/seale/>. "Black Panthers." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia.© 1994, 2000-2006, on Fact Monster.© 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Fact Monster.22 Feb. 2007 <http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0807795.html>. Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. Famous Black Panthers Members Ray west, father of rapper: Kanye West
Afeni Shakur, mother: Tupac Shakur
Chaka Khan singer Nile Rodgers: Music Producer Forrest has a fight at the middle Black Panther Party Influence: Black Panthers 80's Public Enemy
Krs-one Camille Yarbrough
The Watts Prophets
The Last Poets Douglas Miller The Roots