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Causes of World War II
Transcript of Causes of World War II
of WWII Treaty of
Versailles Rise of Facism
in Italy Japanese
Depression Appeasement Militarism Nationalism Rise of
Hitler treaty was designed to Determine
blame for WWI Determine territorial gains cost of damages restrictions on weapons Establish the League of Nations Germany must accept Blame Germany forced to pay millions of dollars to Great Britain and France Italy was disappointed she did not recieve equal territorial gains. Benito Mussolini came to power in 1922 and helped develop a system of government known as Facism. He sided with the Axis powers in 1940. What is Facism? is a type of Government that... But what is.... F A C I S M UNDER A FACIST GOVERNMENT...
The nation is glorified
Only one leader and one political party controls the government
Government controls everything
Political compition is not tolerated and is dealt with quickly and harshly
Only government approved messages and news broadcasts are allowed. Beginning with the Stock Market crash of
1929, economic markets around the world
dipped deeper into depression. Making
repayment of debts nearly
impossible. In Germany as the unemployment rate rose, Adolf Hitler's popularity
increased After WWI the economy of many European nations was unstable The economic boom in the US during the 1920's helped world trade, but... German citizens standing in line for bread Japanese children eating radish root during famine Prior to World War II, Japan began a policy of Imperialism; slowly taking control of regions within Asia. Beginning with.... Korea in 1910 Formosa (Taiwan) in 1895 Karafuto in 1920 Shangtung province between 1919 and 1922, was returned to China in 1922 and re-occupied by Japan in 1937 Manchuria in 1931 Russian Far East in the 1930's Russian province of Kamchatka in the 1930's Japan offically goes to war with China in 1937 and Russia in 1938 1926 Emperor Hirohito becomes Emperor of Japan; but true power rested in the hands of the Prime Minister. In 1941 Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister of Japan and the brains behind the Japanese role in World War II What's it all about? Appeasement is giving an enemy the demands they seek in order to avoid further conflict or war. In 1937 Neville Chamberlain became Prime Minister and leader of Britain. He believed appeasement was the best policy to take. In 1938 Austria becomes part of Germany, and is now the German province of Ostmark. This was in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles, but Britain and the former allied powers did little to stop it. Later that year, Germany demanded the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia; the British agreed to give it to the Germans. So were Hitler's demands met?
Did he stop there? NO!! Militarism is the glorification of war and strengthing the army in preparation of war. One of the most important parts of militarism is to educate the youth and bring the military into every day society. The Germans began their "training" of the youth as early as 10 years old. The Germans were not the first society to be militaristic; they have existed throughout history. The most notable were the Ancient Spartans of Greece. Nationalism is the belief that your own nation is more superior then any other nation. This sense of pride in one's nation could lead to war between nations. Adolf Hitler of Germany, Benito Mussolini of Italy and Hideki Tojo of Japan, all believed in the strength of their nation. Prior to World War II each claimed their country could domminate all others. American Isolationism During the mid-1930's Congress had determined that the US was tricked into WWI, and was determined to stay out of a second European conflict. The Great Depression of the 1930's left the US to focus more on issues within the US rather than world issues. This policy weakened the European democracies In 1933 Adolf Hitler is elected as Chancellor and leader of the German people. Facism and Communism began to spread throughout Europe, but most nations chose Facism over Communism Adolf Hitler used a fear of a Communist takeover to propel his popularity. Hitler spent the next 5 years slowly bringing different parts of the government under his control. By 1938 Hitler had achieved absolute control of the Government. Europe North Africa The Atlantic Asia The Pacific Hitler's allies in WWII Italy
Slovakia The Allied Powers United Kingdom
USSR (Soviet Union)
The five theaters of World War II