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Attraction Theory

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Jadalyn Reichert

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Attraction Theory

Attraction Theory
By: Jadalyn Reichert, Jessica Dykstra, and Rebecca Keely

There are four factors of Attraction:

1) Personal Appearance: (Physical Attraction)

2) Proximity of Attraction: Forming friendships or relationships with people
that are close in proximity to you.

3) Similarity of Attraction: Having something in common with friends or a spouse attracts you to them.

4) Complementary of Attraction: ”Opposites attract,” We are attracted to
people that are opposite from us, but only when we see their opposites as beneficial.

Modern day examples of the Attraction Theory:

-Magazines: Sport magazines put half naked women or really attractive women
on the covers of magazines. Modern day men are attracted to these women on
the cover and will buy the issue. of the magazine thus creating more revenue for
the company.

-Movies: Showing nudes, sex scenes, or romantic scenes so people would be more drawn to

that movie.

-Professional Relationships: An example would be, being attracted to an office mate because of their personality. Or being attracted to a classmate because they’re funny or smart.

-Personal Relationships: Being attracted to your spouse or having a good friend in which you share common interests with.

While certain factors have varied over time, three factors have remained the
same. The Theory of Attraction
continues to be defined by the
physical attraction, task attraction, and social attraction of one person to

What is the Attraction Theory?

-Interpersonal attraction: The force that brings people together to make a relationship.

-Physical Attraction: Attracts people to other people's physical appearance.

-Social Attraction: Attracts a person to another person's personality.

-Task Attraction: Someone who’s attracted to someone's abilities and dependability.

How has the Theory of Attraction changed overtime?
-In the past, people were more interested in having a partner that was fertile and could carry on their genes to their kids and so forth into generations to come. Today, most people don’t look at a potential mate that way anymore. They are more interested in their social attraction and physical appearance.

We are attracted by appearance- He or she might look attractive.

Humans are highly visually orientated, so when our eyes find someone appeasing we are often motivated to get to know that person better. We value and appreciate physical
attractiveness so we want to be around people we consider to be attractive. The concept
of beauty can vary from culture to culture. In North America and Western Europe a thin, fit body type is considered most attractive but in African and Austrian cultures an overweight body type is considered most attractive. (at least for women, this is because those women who are overweight have had enough to eat, maybe even a surplus and that is why they look bigger. More food means more money to buy food)

What makes a person attractive?

Symmetry: a symmetrical face signals no past illness or injury that would make the face deformed. According to research men have been found to prefer full lips, a high forehead, broad face, small chin, small nose, short and narrow jaw, high cheekbones, clear and smooth skin, and wide-set eyes attractive in women.

Body Type: In American and Western cultures thin is linked with beauty but in other cultures overweight women are more desirable. Societies with food scarcities prefer larger female body size than societies having plenty of food.
We are attracted by Proximity

People tend to make bonds with those who surround them. People we work with or go to school

with, mainly the people we see on a regular basis. We see these people often so why not form

relationships with them? Internet and cell phones have reduced the difficulty of staying in touch

with someone You can be their friend on Facebook or see pictures of them being posted

to their Instagram account.
We are attracted by similarity

When people can relate to each other's experiences, backgrounds, interests, etc. it makes them feel more comfortable and familiar, effectively making it easier to strike up conversation and to continue the process of getting to know each other.


According to Festinger, Schachter, & Back, (1950) people are attracted by proximity (Massachusetts Institute of Technology dorm study.)

According to Dion, Berscheid, & Walster, (1972) we are attracted to more beautiful people (attractive photograph study)

According to Byrne & Nelson(1965) we have an attraction to similarity.
(similarity study)

An overview of
The Ugly Truth
In Sacramento, Abby Richter produces a morning news show that's about to be canceled. To boost ratings, her boss hires Mike Chadway, a local cable call-in host who promotes “The Ugly Truth: sex is the only glue in a relationship, men can't change, and they only respond to women's looks. Mike offends Abby's sensibility: she has a checklist about the perfect man, and she thinks she’s found him in her new neighbor, Colin, a hunky doctor. Mike offers to help her reel in Colin if she'll work with Mike on the show; she accepts the deal, ratings go up, and, with Mike's help, so does Colin's interest in her. This movie shows that men and women can be attracted to one another by physical features. By who they are socially, by proximity and by complimentary interests.
The Ugly Truth

Floyd, Kory. "Interpersonal Communication in Friendships and Professional Relationships." Interpersonal Communication. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011. 283-87. Print.

Sources Continued

Byrne, D., & Nelson, D. (1965). Attraction as a linear function of proportion of positive reinforcements.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1(6), 659-663. doi:10.1037/h0022073
Festinger, L., Schachter, S., & Back, K. (1950). Social pressures in informal groups; a study of human factors in housing. Oxford England: Harper.
Dion, K., Berscheid, E., & Walster, E. (1972). What is beautiful is good. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24(3), 285-290. doi:10.1037/h0033731
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