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Transcript of Peru
Peru is one of the most diverse nations on the planet, it has over 5000 years of history. In Peru, you can hike to the ancient Inca ruins of Machu Picchu, fly to see the mysterious Nazca Lines or shop for souvenirs in the markets.
Peru is located in the west of South America, and has borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. It has sovereignty over 1,285,215 km2 of land and 200 nautical miles of the Pacific Ocean, as well as 60 million hectares of the Antarctic. Lima is the capital city of Peru.
Peru uses the nuevo sol (s). 1 sol is equal to 0.39 CAD. $1.00 CAD is equal to 2.58 soles.
The official language is Spanish. A high percentage of the population also speaks Quechua and Aymara. From Cusco up to the North part of Peru people speak Quechua and in the South part of Cusco up to Bolivia they speak Aymara.
By Victoria San Martin
Top 3 Cities to Visit
Plaza San Martin
The colors of the flag are said to symbolize the Incas. The red and white are also the colors chosen by Jose de San Martin, The Liberator. The coat of arms shows a llama and a chichona tree, which are important symbols of Peru. It also shows a cornucopia which represents prosperity.
Kina Malpartida (boxing)
Jorge Chavez (aviator)
Mario Testino (photographer)
Cesar Vallejo (poet)
Juan Diego Flórez (opera singer)
Pedro Paulet (scientist invented 1st rocket)
Mario Vargas Llosa (writer)
Paddington Bear (fictional character)
Saint Rose of Lima
Saint Martin of Porres
Bodies of Water and Landforms
Some major bodies of water in Peru are the Amazon River, Lake Titicaca, Lake Llanganuco, the Ucayali River, the Madre de Dios River, the Marañón River and the Pacific Ocean which borders Peru on the west.
Important landforms in Peru are the Andes Mountains, Amazonian Jungle, beaches, deserts and river valleys.
Peru is a very diverse country so the climate will be different where you go. There are 3 main regions.
Hot, tropical weather with lots of rain.
Dry and temperate weather with huge variations in temperature during the day.
Northern section: Sunny all year round. Central and southern section: temperate, region with no rain, yet humid with plenty of cloud cover.
You can buy souvenirs from boutiques in the larger cities, from street stalls or the markets. In craft markets they have lots of alpaca knits, pottery, ceramics, handwoven textiles, baskets and painted and carved wood. Alpaca clothing comes in the form of jumpers, coats, shawls, hats and gloves. Clothing also comes in soft baby alpaca and vicuña, considered to be the world`s finest wool.
Aji de Gallina
An interesting fact is that there is a province in Peru called San Martin. San Martin is located in the north east jungle of Peru. It has lakes like Lake Lindo and Lake Azul which have crystal-clear water. There are towns and cities, such as Lamas, Rioja, Moyobamba and Tarapoto.
There also is The Plaza San Martin, one of the largest and most beautiful squares in Lima.
Arroz con pollo
Blacker, Maryanne. "Peru Region by Region." Peru. Reprinted with Revisions 2014. ed. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 201. 119,283,299. Print.
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"Peru ." Peru Travel Information and Vacations Guide. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.peru.travel/?internacional>
Peru Flag and Description." Peru Flag and Description. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/flags/countrys/samerica/peru.htm>
"The World's Favorite Currency Site." XE: (---/---) --- to --- Rate. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/convert/?
"Peru." Practical Travel Information on Money and Costs in. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <http://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/practical-information/money-costs>
"Typical Peruvian Food." Peru Food Typical Peruvian Meals, Dishes, Seafood, Desserts, Ceviche. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <http://www.southamerica.cl/Peru/Food/Guide.htm>
"Alfajores Typical Peruvian Manjar Blanco Filled Cookies." Alfajores. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.limaeasy.com/peruvian-food-guide/typical-desserts/alfajores>
Personal interview: Walter San Martin 11 2014
A fact is that potatoes actually originated in Peru. They can be traced back to the highlands of the Andes Mountains where more than 4,000 varieties grow. The word "papa" is originally Quechua and means tuber. It it believed that sailors returning from Peru brought back potatoes with them to Europe around 1570. In Europe the potato soon became an important food and field crop. It helped reduce famines and save people from starvation in the 17th and 18th century. Today potatoes are a big part in the world's cuisine.