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DIAGNOSTICS

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by

Kristie Stevens

on 12 March 2018

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Transcript of DIAGNOSTICS

Neurodevelopmental Disorders
usually noticed and diagnosed before a child hits grade school (thus, developmental)
Schizophrenia Spectrum/Psychotic Disorders
delusions: unrealistic thinking (can be paranoid- "Someone's after me!"; can be grand- "I am the only person who can help the President with this."
Bipolar & Related Disorders
mania
Depressive Disorders
what kind really depends on duration of characteristic symptoms
Obsessive-Compulsive & Related Disorders
obsessions
Anxiety Disorders
combo of fear (autonomic response to present situations) & anxiety (anticipation of issues in future situations-worry!)
Trauma & Stressor-Related Disorders
characterized by persistent intrusions of traumatic event, preventing the sufferer from living normal life
DIAGNOSTICS
organized by commonalities in disorders
can be learning related or relate to a specific impairment of functions (mental, social, physical)
autism
ADHD
stuttering
motor learning disorder
hallucinations: visual or audio stimulation in the absence of a REAL stimulus (but feel very real to the sufferer)
disorganized speech: forgetting what you're going to say, inventing new words, repeating words or phrases, rapid-fire speech
abnormal motor symptoms: think tics or even extreme stillness
negative symptoms: symptoms that demonstrate loss or reduction (limited speech, narrow range of emotion, social isolation, low motivation, limited physical expression)
schizophrenia
schizotypal personality disorder
severe depression
energy, creativity, euphoria--but can transition into reckless behavior
irritability, pronounced guilt, mood swings, restlessness, changes in sleep & weight, risk for psychotic depression
between schizophrenia & depressive disorders because it combines aspects of both
Bipolar I
Bipolar II
mania or mixed episodes
hypomania & severe depression
Major Depressive Disorder
Dysthymia
over two weeks!
persistent & chronic (doesn't go away for more than two months at a time)
depressed mood, irritability, decreased interest and pleasure in normal activities, weight change, sleep issues, decreased activity, fatigue, guilt, concentration difficulties, suicidality
*antidepressants are not good treatment options for these!
can be attached to muscle tension, vigilance, and panic attacks
GAD
panic disorder
specific phobias
(no, your super clean friend does not have this. no, you likely do not have this. stop using this the wrong way!)
compulsions
anxieties (like germs, taboos, aggression, need for order) that you can't control and occur for more than 1 hr. per day, causing issues in your daily life; no pleasure derived from these
things like excessive cleaning, ordering things in a precise way, repeated checking, compulsive counting
hoarding
skin-picking
kleptomania
trichotillomania
PTSD
RAD
reactive attachment disorder
usually result of dealing with death/threatened death, serious or threatened injury, real/threatened sexual violence
interruption of attachment during critical period in childhood
can lead to post-traumatic growth!
Dissociative Disorders
related to amnesia, depersonalization, derealization, identity confusion, identity alteration
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Amnesia
typically tied to trauma; use of "splitting" to cope
used to be multiple personality disorder
Somatic Symptom Disorders
concern over "medically unexplained" physical symptoms that disrupts daily living & creates health-related anxiety
somatic symptom disorder
illness anxiety disorder
used to be hypochondriasis
conversion disorder
six months of symptoms; pain is real, but difficult to examine
Feeding & Eating Disorders
anorexia
bulimia
binge eating
purging
PICA
related to concerns over self-esteem and control
Neurocognitive Disorders
shows drop off or deficit in cognitive function; common in people with impaired cognitive function due to disease (Parkinson's, HIV, Alzheimers)
issue with brain; brain determines how well you are able to process info
Personality Disorders
characterized by distorted thinking patterns, problematic emotional responses, over or under controlling of impulses, interpersonal difficulties
borderline personality disorder
antisocial personality disorder
histrionic personality disorder
narcissistic personality disorder
Other Disorders?
elimination disorders
sleep wake disorders
sexual dysfunctions
gender dysphoria
disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders
substance use and addictive disorders
paraphilic disorders
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