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ANCIENT ROMAN GOVERNMENT VS ANCIENT GREEK GOVERNMENT

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Neil Stefanyk

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of ANCIENT ROMAN GOVERNMENT VS ANCIENT GREEK GOVERNMENT

Citizens of Rome gathered at an assembly to elect their own officials. The two chief officials were called consuls, and if after a year they did not live up to expectations, they could be voted out of office the following election.
After assuming full governmental control, Julius Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, but the politicial conflicts had not been resolved, leading to his assassination in 44 BC. A new series of civil wars then broke out, with Caesar's adopted heir Augustus rising to sole power and the era of the Roman Republic being replaced by the Roman Empire. The constitutional government of the Republic was never restored.
Rome
Rome VS Greece
Rome
Rome
Rome
Only the men who trained and fought in the army had right to vote for leaders, and that amounted to only 20% of the Greek population.
Greece
Greece
A citizen's assembly (the Ecclesia) did exist before the forming of democracy, but it massively favoured the rich. After the establishment of democracy, all citizens were allowed to attend and run for office, though non-citizens and slaves still had no politicial rights at all.
Greece
The Athenians (a branch of Greeks) founded the worlds first democracy as a radical solution to prevent the aristocracy from regaining power.
Greece
ANCIENT ROMAN GOVERNMENT VS ANCIENT GREEK GOVERNMENT
Citizens of Rome would gather at an assembly once a year to elect their chief officials, called consuls. The consuls governed for a year, and if they did not live up to expectations, they could be voted out of office the following election, much like modern times.
Originally ruled by Kings as the Roman Kingdom (753-509 BC), Ancient Rome then developed its own form of government, allowing Roman's to rule themselves (the Roman Republic, 509-27 BC).
The consuls were advised by a senate, comprised of some 600 men. And if the elections were reasonably democratic, the senate, and its role, were not. Most, if not all, decisions were in favour of the rich, as only the rich were in a position to use their wealth to influence decision making within the Senate.
Greece was the first to have a democracy and the longest lasting democratic leader was Pericles, and after his death the Athein democracy was interupted twice by revolutions.
A short summary of key points of each civilization's government follows:
*Both began as Kingdoms, then moved onto democracy
*Both held elections, and gave civilians a voice in politicial affairs
*Rome's decision making was effectively controlled by the senate, which was determined by the rich
*Only the 20% of the Greek population that was in the military was allowed to vote
*The Roman Republic was destroyed by a series of civil wars, and replaced by a fully fledged empire.
Bottom line: Rome, while it did indeed have many democratic elements, it largely favoured the rich, in both its Republic and Empire days. Though Greece contained many similar elements, it ultimately was more focused on equality and democracy.
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