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Asthma

- Description of cause with macromolecules, tissue, organ system descriptions - structures and function by asthma - Asthma Symptoms - Possible Treatments - Asthma Biological Vocabulary - Sources Used
by

Jaimelyn Buenaventura

on 25 February 2011

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Transcript of Asthma

Asthma Symptoms -Coughing
-Intercostal Retractions
-Shortness of breath
-Breathing worsens during exercise or any physical activity
-Unusual breathing patterns
-Sore or tension in chest
-Nose flaring
-Feeling fatigue, upset, grouchy, or moody
-Can’t concentrate
-Hassle falling asleep
-Odd whistling sounds when exhaling
-Cold symptoms (Such as sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, headaches)
-Wheezing
--May worsen when breathing cold air or having heartburn
--Begins unexpectedly and goes away itself
--Has brief symptom free intermissions
--Worse at night and early morning
--Improves after taking medicine that helps open airways
--Gets worse when having colds or flues Symptoms of Asthma: Emergency Symptoms: -Discoloration to the face, lips, or fingernails
-Drowsiness or confusion during asthma attacks
-Difficulty breathing
-Extremely quick breathing
-Quick Pulse
-Pale and damp face
-Retractions
-Unstoppable coughing
-Anxiety or alarm
-Unable to talk
-Symptoms worsen with medication Worsening asthma symptoms: -More regular and troublesome symptoms
-Getting even harder to breathe
-Rising and recurrent use of inhaler -Device measures how fast you inhale/exhale in your lungs
-Helps see if attack is coming
-Shows when medication should be taken Peak Flow Meter -Control drugs: Prevent asthma attacks from happening
-- Inhaled Corticosteroids
-Quick-relief drugs: Taken in the event of asthma attacks
-- Inhaled short-acting beta2-agonists Main Types of Medication Treatments -Plans for taking certain medications
-List of what triggers your asthma and ways to avoid it
-Information on when to get professional help Asthma Action Plan Asthma with Allergies -People with asthma and allergies have more risks then regular asthma victims
-Allergies could be asthma triggers
-Allergy shots
-Allergy medications -Only for severe asthma and doesn’t improve with medication
-Warms up airways in lungs with electrode
-lessens smooth muscle and limits ability to tighten airways
-Easier breathing and less asthma attacks Bronchial Thermoplasty -Except for physical activity since it is a vital part to healthy living
-Triggers could worsen asthma Avoid Asthma Triggers You Know What I Mean? Air Passage: a tube which takes oxygen to the lungs and takes carbon dioxide out
Asthma Triggers: materials, climate conditions, or activites that won't affect most people but to those with asthma would cause coughing, excessive wheezing, or shortness of breath
Bronchospasm/Bronchial Spasm: muscles in the walls of bronchioles suddenly tightens up
Electrode: a solid conductor of electricity
IgE: a natural material within the body that trigger asthma symptoms
Inhaled Corticosteroids: strong drugs that stop and decrease swelling in the airways of lungs
Intercostal Retractions: muscles in-between the ribs pull inward which causes trouble breathing
Nasal Congestion: a stuffy nose
Retractions: to draw back, withdraw, or pull apart
Wheezing: struggling to breathe with a gravelly whistling sound Drugs for Asthma Inhalers Preventative Emergency Room Drug: Terbutaline

Function:
-Heals and stops the occurrence of wheezing, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing
-Eases then widens air passages
-Stops and sets back bronchospasm Drug: Albuterol

Function:
-Prevents bronchial spasms which closes up the airways in lungs
-Prevents wheezing, pressure in the chest, coughing, and having a hard time breathing
-Loosens up air passages that lead to the lungs which opens up and gives people an easier time breathing Drug: Omalizumab

Function:
-Reduce the amount of asthma attacks a patient has
-Restricts IgE from performing
-Reduces the chances of asthma worsening A Little about Asthma Scientists believe that asthma might be genetic or it could be from natural factors that mingle with the body to cause asthma. They say it probably happens early in life. People who have allergies, family members with asthma, and respiratory difficulties or contact with viral infections as a child could be at risk for asthma.
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