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Johan James Intia

on 26 April 2013

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PARIS BERLIN After completing his studies in Madrid, Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in opthalmology.

He also continued his travels and observations of European life and customs, government and laws in Paris, Heidelberg, Leipzig and Berlin. In Gay Paris (1885-86) Outside of his working hours at Dr. Weckert’s clinic, Rizal relaxed by visiting his friends, such as the family of the Pardo de Taveras (Trinidad, Felix and Paz), Juan Luna, and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo.

Paz Pardo de Tavera was a pretty girl, who was engaged to Juan Luna. On the album of this girl, Rizal drew a series of sketches on the story of “The Monkey and the Turtle.” RIZAL as a Musician FERDINAND BLUMENTRITT First Letter to Blumentritt July 31, 1886:
Rizal wrote his first letter in German (which he had improved after his stay with the (Ullmers) to Professor Ferdinand Blumentritt, Director of the Ateneo of Leitmeritz, Austria.
He had heard of this Austrian ethnologist and his interest in Philippine languages. In Leipzig and Dresden
* August 9, 1886, Rizal left Heidelberg.
* August 14, 1886, Rizal arrived in Leipzig.
* He attended lectures at the University of Leipzig on history and psychology.
* He befriended Prof. Friedrich Ratzel, a famous German historian, and Dr. Hans Meyer, German anthropologist.

In Leipzig (is a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany)
Rizal translated Schiller’s William Tell from German into Tagalog so that Filipinos might know the story of that champion of Swiss independence.
He also translated into Tagalog Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairy Tales. Rizal found out that the cost of living in Leipzig was cheapest in Europe so that he stayed here for two months and a half. Because of his knowledge of German, Spanish and other European languages he worked as proof-reader in a publisher’s firm, thereby earning some money. On October 29, 1886, Rizal left Leipzig for Dresden. Rizal met Dr. Adolph B. Meyer, Director of the Anthropological and Ethnological Museum. Staying for two days in the city, Rizal heard Mass in a Catholic Church. November 1, 1886: Rizal left Dresden by train, reaching Berlin in the evening. Rizal was enchanted by Berlin because of its scientific atmosphere and the absence of race prejudice.

Some scientists Rizal met are:

DR. FEODOR JAGOR – German scientist-traveler and author of Travels in the Philippines

DR. RUDOLF VIRCHOW – famous German anthropologist

DR. W. JOEST – German geographer

DR. KARL ERNEST SCHWEIGGER – famous German ophthalmologist DOCUMENTATIONS!!! PARIS BERLIN BERLIN Jose Rizal with fellow students (musicians, fencers and gymnasts) Chapter 7 Paris to Berlin (1885-87) After studying at the Central University of Madrid, Rizal, who was then 24 yrs old, went to Paris to acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology.

MAXIMO VIOLA – a medical student and a member of a rich family of San Miguel, Bulacan
SEÑOR EUSEBIO COROMINAS – editor of La Publicidad
DON MIGUEL MORAYTA – owner of La Publicidad and a statesman

November 1885- February 1886
Rizal worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert, leading French Ophthalmologist. He rapidly improved his knowledge of ophthalmology. Rizal had no natural aptitude for music, and this he admitted.
By sheer determination and practice, Rizal came to play the flute fairly well, and so became a flutist in various impromptu reunions of Filipinos in Paris.
It is said that he even composed some songs, particularly "Alin Mang Lahi," a patriotic song which asserts that any race aspires for freedom, and a sad danza, "La Deportacion," which he composed later on in Dapitan during his exile.
FEBRUARY 3, 1886
Rizal arrived in Heidelberg, a historic city in Germany famous for its old university and romantics surroundings.

He became popular among the Germans because they found out that he was a good chess player.

He worked at the University Eye Hospital under the direction of Dr. Otto Becker, distinguished German ophthalmologist.
  In Historic Heidelberg To the Flowers of Heidelberg April 22, 1886
Rizal wrote a fine poem entitled “A Las Flores de Heidelberg” (To the Flowers of Heidelberg) because he was fascinated by the blooming flowers along the Neckar River, which is the light blue flower called “forget-me-not”. With Pastor Ullmer at Wilhelmsfeld Rizal spent a three-month summer vacation at Wilhelmsfeld where he stayed at the place of a Protestant pastor, Dr. Karl Ullmer. The pastor has a wife and two children named Etta and Fritz. "I have heard that you are studying our language, and that you had already published some work about it; permit me to send you a valuable book written by my countryman in our language. The Spanish version is mediocre (of a middle quality) because the author is only a modest writer but the Tagalog part is good, and it is precisely the language spoken in our province."
Rizal sent Aritmetica (Arithmetic) book to Blumentritt which was published in 2 languages - Spanish and Tagalog – by the University of Santo Tomas Press in 1868. The author was Rufino Baltazar Hernandez - a native of Santa Cruz Laguna.

Rizal's letter from Heidelberg impressed Blumentritt, who reciprocate by sending Rizal a gift of teo books. It marked the beginning of their friendship that lasted their lives. Blumentritt and Rizal became bestfriends. Fifth Centenary of Heidelberg University The famous University of Heidelberg held its fifth centenary celebration on August 6, 1886 where Rizal had witnessed the said celebration. Fifth Centenary of Heidelberg UniversityAugust 6, 1886
For its fifth centenary the famous University of Heidelberg celebrated its Festung this morning, and we attended. I liked the picture better than the original itself. There were, however, many elegant and brilliant costumes, Bugmuller, the famous student of Heidelberg, was dressed as Frederick the Victorious; Lieberman, as a gentleman of the seventeenth century; Gregoire, wolf of Schwahen, etc....

... Last night was Schlorfest. When will these gaieties enjoyed in this poetic and beautiful city come back? When will the foreigners return there? When shall I return after I shall have left? Inquire the fate of the molecules of water that the sun evaporates.

Some fall as dew on the bosoms of the flowers; others are converted into ice and snow; others into mud or swamp or torrential cascade – they are not lost but continue to live in nature. Will my soul have the fate of water – never being lost into nothingness? Rizal Welcomed in Berlin's Scientific Circles Rizal's Life in Berlin Five reasons why Rizal stayed in Berlin:
To gain further knowledge of ophthalmology
To further his studies of science and languages
To observe the economic and political conditions of the German nation
To associate with famous German scientists and scholars
To publish his novel, Noli Me Tangere Rizal worked as an assistant in the clinic of Dr. Scweigger, and at night, he attended lectures in the University of Berlin.
He also took private lessons in French under Madame Lucie Cerdole. Rizal on German Woman On a letter he wrote to His sister Trinidad, Rizal described the German women to be:
•Serious •Diligent •Educated •Friendly •Not gossipy •Not frivolous
Not quarrelsome

Rizal noted that the women in the Philippines are more concerned of what their clothing than of what they know. German Customs Aside from German woman, Rizal admired the German customs which he observed well. It must be noted that he was a keen observer of the customs of the people in all the countries he visited.

Some German customs Rizal admired:

* On Yuletide season, people will select a pine tree from the bushes and adorned it with lanterns, papers, lights, dolls, candies, fruits, etc.
* Self-introduction to strangers in a social gathering. Rizal's Darkest Winter * The winter of 1886 in Berlin was his darkest winter.
* He lived in poverty because no money arrived from Calamba and he was flat broke.
* He could not pay his landlord and he was eating only one meal a day.
* His clothes were old and threadbare.
* His health broke down due to lack of proper nourishment.
This is one of the most memorable days in the life of Rizal. Dr. Feodor Jagor Dr. Adolph . Meyer Dr. Rudolf Virchow Dr. Louis de Weckert In Paris home of Juan Luna with Rizal and Valentin while practicing fencing. Luna’s wife seated at far left. Maximo Viola forget-me-not
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