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Adlerian Theory in Art Therapy

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Amy Granger

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of Adlerian Theory in Art Therapy

Adlerian Theory
in Art Therapy Adlerian Theory ART THERAPY: AN ADLERIAN GROUP APPROACH Promoting Insight and Change through the Systematic Use of Early Recollections with Role Play, Art, and Cognitive Reconstruction by Sadie E Dreikurs by Marilyn Strauch Key Concepts:

unity of personality
need to view people from their subjective perspective
importance of life goals that give direction to behavior Key Concepts:

striving for significance and superiority
developing a unique lifestyle
understanding the family constellation Key Concepts:

People are motivated by:
Social Interest
Finding goals to give life meaning building friendships:

social task establishing intimacy:

love-marriage task contributing to society:

occupational task challenge clients' basic premises and life goals
offer encouragement so individuals can develop socially useful goals
increase Social Interest
increase client sense of belonging Goals of Therapy Psychodynamic:

gain Insight through making unconscious conscious; motivation
association with early attachments and object-relations Humanistic:

holistic & phenomenological
emphasis on social and psychological factors
nature of therapeutic relationship; empathic, egalitarian OPTIMAL SENSE OF BELONGING being self-oriented to being task-oriented
tension to relaxation
boredom to enjoyment alleviate isolation through participation
change attitudes from discouragement to hope
inadequacy to adequate functioning BY
Therapeutic Environment the goal of the therapist is to remove herself from the role of an authority figure to one of a fellow worker be transparent
in order to create group cohesion

caution against using prognosis which may handicap the therapist focus on the "here and now" in order to create group interaction and socialization an effective tool in preparing groups to function on a cooperative and productive level can be used as a means to change individual's behavior or self-concept through experiential process provides experiences that increase individual's Social Interest & reinforces or facilitates psychotherapy Group Art Therapy AIM:
to increase Social Interest share responsibility
make choices
solve problems relieve tension
& diminish psychotic state

discover artistic talents and experience self awareness

universality to approach therapist and client work together to: gain insight into underlying issues
promote useful ways of overcoming and changing unhealthy perceptions inspire enthusiasm Integration of diverse therapies promotes new applications for resolving long-standing problems early recollections allow for:
lifestyle convictions, basic mistakes, and assets
expression of underlying goals and central themes early recollection analysis through:
role play
early recollection
reconstruction STEP 1:
ask the client for an early memory STEP 2:
role play the memory with client STEP 3:
have client draw out memory 1 2 3 STEP 4:
discuss picture with client STEP 5:
reconstruct underlying messages and memory STEP 6:
draw new image based on reconstructed memory 4 5 6 Psychoeducational:
focus on learning to change behavior, attitude, and perception (private logic)
Socratic dialogue Adlerian Techniques Lifestyle Assessment
Early Recollections
Family Constellation structured Art Therapy tasks:

Kinetic Family Drawing
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