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Economic Discrimination Against Black Americans

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Mr Farrell

on 21 September 2018

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Transcript of Economic Discrimination Against Black Americans

The Great Migration
By the 1960s 6 million southern black people had migrated from the south to the north.
The Move North - Facts & Figures
The years between 1910 and the early 1920s saw a dramatic increase in black migration across America.
500,000 black people moved north in these years mainly for the unskilled factory work that was available during WW1.
By 1920 New York was home to 152,000 blacks. An increase of 66.3% in ten years.
In the 1940s nearly 1 million black people made the move north. Again they were looking for war work.
By 1950 for the first time ever a third of all black Americans lived outside the south.
The North was no more tolerant than he south. White workers resented the spread of black ghettos and poverty as well as job competition. At the same time black soldiers returning from war in a militant mood were no longer willing to put up with old patterns of discrimination. They had fought for their country and deserved better treatment.
Race Riots were common in the North as a result of racial tension.
East St.Louis 1917
Chicago 1919
50 people dead after white and black fighting.
13 days, 23 black people and 15 white people were killed, 537 were injured and 1000 families mostly black were left homeless.

Race Riots!
Why leave the south?
There was also the fear and violence of Ku Klux Klan that forced many to leave the south. Jim Crow laws and segregation forced many black Americans from the South.
Many wanted to chase the American Dream and that the North was the land of opportunity.
They also moved to find factory jobs such as making cars in the big cities of San Francisco, Los Angeles and New York.
Economic Discrimination: Ghettos
Although there was no official segregation in the north the races were segregated by which area of the city they lived in. Even though black and white children attended the same schools, churches and cinemas were still segregated.
Black people found themselves segregated in areas known as ghettos. Black Americans were particularly affected by the Great Depression. In some cities unemployment for blacks reached 60%, cuts in education spending affected them as did competition for jobs.
Take down
facts on the Great Migration...
This led to many black Americans falling into the poverty cycle with no escape from poverty for themselves or their children.
The movement of blacks from the south began in 1915 when the wartime industries were desperate for workers.
Was life any better in the north?
Click me
Economic Discrimination Against Black Americans
"In the ghettos the white man has one handicap. The Black man has two handicaps. He is poor and he is black."
Charlottesville Race Riots
Full transcript