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Transcript of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth child of the family, but his previous siblings had died in infancy. The town he was born in is called Braunau am Inn.
Adolf's parents were Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. Alois's mother was Maria Anna Schicklgruber, but his Alois's father is unknown.
An overview of his life.
Social Studies Project #1
By Kerinna Good
Adolf Hitler designed the Nazi party symbol, the Swastika in a white circle on a red flag.
Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945 with Eva Braun, whom he had just married two days before . They committed suicide to prevent capture by the Red Army.
This is Hitler's family tree:
Childhood ,young adulthood and his life before his role in government.
Hitler's family moved from the town he was born in, Braunau am Inn, to Passau when he was three years old.
Braunau am Inn
In 1894 they relocated to Leonding, and then they moved again in 1895 to Hafeld, where Hitler's father farmed and kept bees.
Alois Hitler's attempts to farm failed, and the family moved to Lambach in 1897
Farming attempt fail
At age eight, Hitler took singing lessons, sang in the church choir, and even considered becoming a priest.
Hitler's younger brother, Edmund, died from the measles on February 2, 1900. Hitler was deeply affected and turned from being outgoing, confident, and an excellent student to being detached, glum, and dismal. After Edmund died, he constantly fought with his father an teachers.
Hitler as a young boy
Alois Hitler wanted his son to work in customs bureau, but young Hitler wanted to become an artist.
Hitler's father died unexpectedly on January 3, 1903, and Hitler's mother allowed him to quit school.
He enrolled at the Realschule in Steyr, in September, 1904. After passing the final exam in the fall of 1905, he left school without ambitions of further schooling or plans for a career.
From a young age, Hitler developed German Nationalist ideas.
He worked as a casual laborer, and eventually, a painter.
"The Alter Hof in Munich". Watercolor by Adolf Hitler, 1914
He was rejected twice from the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna in 1907 and 1908 because of his "unfitness for painting".
The Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna
His mother died on December 21, 1907. After the Academy's second rejection, he ran out of money.
Hitler's mother, Klara
In 1909 he lived in a homeless shelter, and by 1910 he was living at a house for poor working men on Meldemannstraße.
When Hitler lived in Vienna, it was full of prejudice and racism.
We don't know when Hitler's radical ideas first formed.
In Hitler's memior, Mien Kampf, he states that he first developed his anti-semite beliefs when he was in Vienna, but there are sources that say that he had Jewish friends when he was in Vienna.
In May, 1913, he received the final part of his father's estate, and he moved to Munich. Historians beleive he did so to prevent them drafting him into the Austirian Army.
World War 1
Hitler's Political Party: the NSDAP
The NSDAP stands for Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party). When Hitler joined the NSDAP, it was then the DAP (German Worker's Party).
The DAP was founded by Anton Drexler. Hitler met Dietrich Eckart at the DAP, and Eckart
became Hitler's mentor.
The DAP changed its name to the NSADP to increase its appeal.
In World War 1, Hitler served in the Bavarian Army as an Austrian citizen. His role was a dispatch runner. Hitler was present at the first Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras, and the Battle of Passchendaele. He was wounded at the Somme.
Hitler as a soldier (far right)
Rise to Power
Preparing for WW2
World War 2
In 1914, Hitler was decorated for bravery with the iron cross, Second class, and in 1918 he was decorated with the iron cross again, but First Class. He also received the Black Wound Badge in 1918.
Hitler was injured in either the groin or left thigh area when a shell exploded in a dispatch runner's dugout. He spent about two months at the Red Cross hospital in Beelitz, Germany, and he returned to his regiment on April 5, 1917.
He was also temporarily blinded by mustard gas on October 15, 1918 and was hospitalised in Pasewalk, Germany. When Hitler heard that Germany had lost the war, he —by his own account— suffered from another bout of blindness.
Hitler's Role in the NSDAP
In March, 1920, Hitler was dispatched from the army, and began working full-time for the NSDAP.
In February 1920, Hitler spoke to a crowd of 6,000, as he was already an influential speaker. Hitler aimed his speech at his opposition to the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, and especially against Marxists and Jews.
Mutiny broke out in February, 1921, because some NSDAP members wanted to merge with the rival party, the DSP (German Socialist Party). Angrily, Hitler resigned from the NSDAP. Party members relised that if Hitler resigned, it would be the end of the party. Hitler agreed to rejoin the party if he would become party chairman, and the party's headquarters would stay in Munich. The committee agreed, and Hitler rejoined on July 26, 1921.
Hitler's opponents expelled Hermann Esser from the party, and printed 3,000 pamphlets against Hitler. Hitler spoke at several packed houses in the following days defending himself and Esser. Each time he was greeted with thunderous applause.
Hitler forced some of his political opponents to support him by threatening them with a handgun. However, their support didn't last long. Hitler had his forces occupy police headquarters, but the police didn't side with Hitler. Hitler marched his forces to the Bavarian War Ministr to overthrow the Bavarian government, but police dispersed them. Four police officers were killed, and 16 NSDAP members were killed.
Hitler was arrested on November 11, 1923 for high treason. Alfred Rosenberg became temporary leader of the NSDAP. Hitler was sentenced to five years at Landsberg Prison. Even with his five-year imprisonment sentence, he was issued a pardon by the Bavarian Supreme Courton December 20, 1924. Hitler ended up serving only over a year in prison.
How Hitler came to the NSDAP
Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder and Dietrich Eckart formed the DAP (German Worker's Party).
Hitler first encountered the party when he was sent to spy on them. The German Army was worried that the party was a revolutionary left-wing group.
Hitler discovered Drexler's political ideas were similar to his, but was unimpressed with the party's organization.
Drexler urged Hitler to join the party, but Hitler was hesitant. He did join the party, though, when his commanding officer encouraged him to.
The Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler.
On February 25, 1932, the interior minister of Brunswick, who was a member of the NSDAP, appointed Hitler as administrator for the state's delegation to the Reichsrat in Berlin. In doing so, he made Hitler a citizen of Brunswick, and thus of Germany.
On April 7, 1925, Hitler renounced his Austrian citizenship, but didn't become a German citizen. In that period he was unable to run for office because of his lack of citizenship.
Although Hitler lost the election, he got second place, which gave him political status and made himself a strong force in German politics.
President von Hindenburg was encouraged to appoint Hitler a Chancellor of Germany, and he reluctantly did. He did so because Hitler was an influential speaker, and could give Germans hope.
On August 2, 1934, President von Hindenburg died, and Hitler became the head of government. Hitler then abolished all laws that could remove him from his position legally.
In 1932 Hitler ran for President of Germany against von Hindenburg. Hitler's campaign slogan was "Hitler über Deutschland" ("Hitler over Germany"). That references to his political ambitions and his campaigning by aircraft.
Hitler expanded Germany's Army to 600,00 men. That is 6 times the amount of men the Treaty of Versallies permitted.
Hitler violated the Treaty of Versallies in another way by reoccupying the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland with German forces in March 1936.
In 1936, Germany and Italy formed an Axis.
Germany made an alliance with Japan, adding a new country to the Axis Powers.
World War 2 began when Germany invaded Poland. Because of this, Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939
The Holocaust is when Adolf Hitler and his Nazis brutally murdered millions of Jews. Hitler called the Holocaust the "Endlösung der Judenfrage" or "Final Solution of the Jewish Question".
Ways of Killing Jews:
Shooting them into mass graves
Alschwitz is a well-known Death Camp. Up to 3 million people were killed there.
Primarily Jewish people were taken from their homes and segregated to a run-down section of town. They lived in poor conditions and were often starved to death.
People being liquidated out of a ghetto
The US joined the War after Japan dropped a bomb on Pearl Harbor in December 17, 1941.
The war ended in 1945. Solviet and Polish troops invaded Berlin on May 1945, and Germany surrendered. On 26 July 1945, the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima (August 6), and Nagasaki (August 9), two Japanese cities. Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945 to the Solviet Union, ending the war in Asia and making the Allies the complete victors of the war.
The Solviet Union
The Axis Powers
Hitler refused to let the troops in Stalingrad retreat. His refusal led to the destruction of the 6th Army. Over 200,000 Axis soldiers were killed, 235,000 were taken prisoner, and only 6,000 soldiers returned alive to Germany.
There were many attempts to assasinate Hitler during the war, but the most successful attempt was made by Claus von Stauffenberg. He planted a bomb in one of Hitler's headquarters, the Wolf's Lair at Rastenburg. Hitler barely survived because unknowingly, someone had pushed the briefcase that contained the bomb behind a leg of the heavy conference table. The table deflected much of the blast away from Hitler when the bomb exploded.