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Copy of Ethnicity

Key Issue 1 Ap Human Geography Chp 7

Rene Standi

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Ethnicity


WHat is it?
Essential Definitions
Race- Identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor
Ethnicity- Identity with a group of people who share cultural traditions of a particular homeland
Accepted by geographers as a way to organize spatial patterns because of its strong association with places

Nation- Group of people w/ common characteristics
Nearly synonymous with ethnicity

Nationality- identity with a group of people that share legal attachment & allegiance to a homeland

2. In the table at left, identify America’s four major ethnic groups (other than “white”). Give their percentage of the total US population and shade areas in which they are clustered on the map.

Ethnic Group % of Population
Hispanics 15%
African Americans 13%
Asian American 4%
American Indian 1%

2a. What are the major Hispanic groups in the US?
Mexicans, Latin Americans

2b. What are the major Asian groups in the US?
Chinese 1/4, Indian and Filipinos 1/5 Korean and Vietnamese 1/10

2c. Provide an example to illustrate that African-Americans or Hispanics in the US are more urbanized (likely to live in cities) than whites.
85% of the population in Detroit is African American, and the rest of Detroit only has 7% African American

2d. In what region of a typical American city are ethnic groups concentrated? Why there?
Neighborhoods/ghettos of same ethnicities

Migration from Africa
Africans were forced to migrate to different countries (including US) because they were taken as slaves.

Migration to the North
African Americans migrated to the North because sharecropping was declining and there were many jobs in the industrial Northern cities.

Migration within Cities (Ghetto)
African Americans were clustered in neighborhoods known as ghettos. Because there wasn't much housing, utilities were limited. Then they moved into adjacent neighborhoods, expanding ghettos

4. In terms of the concept of race…
a. what is the “problem” with the way the US Census Bureau defines “Asian”?
Asian is a race and Asian American is an ethnicity, but they're almost the same group, with Asian American lumping together people with ties to Asia. (Korean and Indian same race)

b. what is the difference between “African-American” and “black”?
African American is a group with a cultural tradition, and black means that the people have dark skin. Most blacks come from African descendant and so have African ethnicity
c. how does the US Census Bureau consider Hispanic/Latino?
Hispanic/Latino is not considered a race, so they can pick black, white, or other.

5. What is racism?
the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce and inherent superiority of a particular race

6. Describe each of the following concepts dealing with the geography of race.
• “Separate But Equal”
Blacks and whites were given different facilities, schools, restaurants, and treatment. They were supposed to be 'separate but equal', but minority children were made to fear inferior. Made by Plessey Vs Ferguson, blacks and whites don't have to mix.

• “White Flight”
Whites fled because they thought that black families would move into their neighborhoods and cause the property to be worth less. Brown Vs Board of Education-Separate but equal wasn't justified

• “Blockbusting”
Real estate companies convinced white families to move out of their neighborhoods and sell their houses for cheap prices by telling them the black families would move in and bring down the property value of their neighborhood, and then they sold the houses to black families for more expensive prices.

A. Define apartheid:
physical separation of different races into different geographic areas

B. Explain the key components of the apartheid system:
babies were classified as either being black, white, colored (mixed black and white), or Asian. each had different legal status, and lived, were schooled, worked, and owned land in different areas. Blacks couldn't vote in political office/national elections

C. Complete the following timeline of South African history and annotate the map.
• 1652: Apartheid system created by whites colonizing from Holland, known as boars (farmers)
• 1795: British seized the Dutch Colony, controlled South Africa's government
• 1833: British abolished slaves in their empire, boars migrated into interior South Africa to escape British
• 1860's-70's: Diamonds discovered in South Africa, British defeated rebellion by group of natives, Zulu tribe
• 1902: Treaty of Arenze, ended war between boars and British
• 1948: Afrikan-dominated Nationalist Party won elections, British no longer in control
• 1970's-80's: Protest start become violent
• late 1970's:
• 1991: White-dominated government repealed apartheid laws
• 1994: all South Africans were permitted to vote in national elections, Nelson Mandela voted president

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