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Indicative, Imperative, and Emphatic Moods

4.7 (Seventh)
by

Nancy Nardone

on 31 July 2013

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Transcript of Indicative, Imperative, and Emphatic Moods

Indicative, Imperative, and Emphatic Moods
4.7
Besides tense, verbs also reveal mood. There are four moods:
indicative
,
imperative
,
emphatic
, and
subjunctive
.
The
indicative mood
is used in
stating facts
or
asking questions
.
English class is fun.
Do you like creamy or chunky peanut butter?
The
imperative mood
is used in
giving commands
or
making requests
. Use the base form of the verb to form the mood.
Note!
All the tenses you studied in 4.6 are in the indicative mood.
A sentence in the imperative mood usually, but not always, begins with the verb. The subject of the sentence is "you" (singular or plural), even though it is not expressed. The subject "you" is understood.
(You)
Give
me a hand.

(You)
Hurry
.

(You) Please
pick up
the trash.
Examples
While the majority of imperative mood sentences are in the second person, it is possible to have the first person used, too. Simply use "Let's" (for "let us") before the base form of the verb.
Let's

start

the job.
Direct address is used when speaking directly to someone. A sentence is still in the imperative mood if direct address is added to the sentence.
John
,
clean
your room.
John
, (you)
clean
your room.
The
emphatic mood
of a verb is only used in the present and past tenses to
give emphasis
to statements. It is formed by using
do
or
does
with the
base form
in the
present
and
did
with the
base form
for the
past
.
Carl
does

take
the train every day.

Abigail
did

decide
to go to Notre Dame.
EXCEPTION ALERT!
Do, does, and did are also used as auxiliary verbs in questions and negative sentences. These will be in the indicative mood and NOT the emphatic mood.

I did
not
know the answer. (negative sentence)
Do you know the muffin man
?
(question)
Full transcript