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The Odyssey (Book 16)

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Alex Dyer

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of The Odyssey (Book 16)

Telemachus
Telemachus returns home from Pylos and heads to a lodge. He goes there to check on his mother to see if she has finally married a suitor or is still waiting. While there his father reveals himself and they plan to attack all of the suitors.
Main Characters
Setting
Literary Devices
Plot Summary
Telemachus comes back from his voyage of searching for his father and makes his way to Eumaeus's house.
Eumaeus introduces a poor beggar to Telemachus, neither one is aware that the beggar is actually Odysseus in disguise.
Telemachus tells Eumaeus to go back to his house and tell his mother, Penelope, that he is finally back in Ithaca from his voyage of trying to find his father.
When Eumaeus has finally left, Athena decides to turn Odysseus back into himself and tell him to reveal his true identity to his son.
In utter disbelief, Telemachus and Odysseus embrace and share stories of their voyages.
After hearing that suitors have invaded his house and are trying to court his wife, he discusses a plan with Telemachus to kill all of the suitors and take his life back.
His plan is to have Telemachus go back home and steal the suitors' swords and weapons, and then, once Odysseus reveals himself, he and Telemachus will attack the unsuspecting and unarmed suitors.
Meanwhile, the suitors at Odysseus' house are discussing plans to kill Telemachus, outraged at him for getting in th way of one of them marrying his mother.
At this time, Eumaeus is finally returning to his home, so Athena changes Odysseus back into his disguise and they all go to sleep.
Alex Dyer, Matt Gilman, Justin Byrd, Lauren Brown, and Miranda Nelson
Homer's "The Odyssey" || Book 16
Odysseus
Odysseus had returned home but was in the form of a beggar. He reveals himself to his son after talking with Athena and they begin to lay out a plan in driving off all of the suitors that have been destroying his home and eating all of his food.
Eumaeus
Eumaeus plays a very big role in this book and without even knowing it. He is the swineherd and a very loyal servant to Telemachus. He houses the “beggar” and asks Telemachus to care for him. Telemachus sends Eumaeus to the house to inform his mother/Penelope of his return. He is to only tell her.
Athena persuades Odysseus to reveal his true identity to Telemachus so that they can plot their revenge/overtaking of all of the suitors in his house. Turns Odysseus into himself.
Athena
Antinous
Antinous is the loudest and seems to be the one with the most power over all of the suitors. Upon Telemachus’ return he devises a plan to have Telemachus killed so that there is nobody in his way to finally marry his mother, and pushes it off as the God’s will.
Themes

Grudge-based Violence
-
Odysseus and Telemachus are planning to kill the suitors. Because of how they are after Penelope and he’s being protective.
Real life grudges- Recently there was a shooting on live television. A disgruntled ex-employee shot two former co-workers. Because he was upset that they let him go and he tries to tell people that he was being discriminated against because of his skin color.
Eumaeus' Lodge:
Odysseus' Palace:
dy
In book 16, there isn't any really in-depth description of Odysseus' palace. We pan over to Odysseus' house for a brief moment while Eumaeus tells Penelope that Telemachus has returned home. We're then taken to the halls of the palace where the suitors are lounging to hear their discussion on what to do with Telemachus. Other than what we already know from previous chapters, there isn't much detail that we're given about his home.
Point of View:
Main point of view is third person but page 340 has a change in point of view from third person to second person.
Foreshowing:
pg. 341 - "Then let some foreigner lop my head off if I failed to march right into Odysseus's halls and kill them all".
Pg. 344 - "Plot the suitors doom and set out for town".
Pg. 348 - "Then Athena, Zeus in his wisdom - they will daze the suitors wits". Foreshadowing the war Odysseus and Telemachus are planning against the suitors.
Pg. 350 - "aboard our swift ship, cruising till dawn, patrolling to catch Telemachus, kill him on the spot". Foreshadowing the death of Telemachus.
Dramatic Irony:
Page 343 Line 180- " visible to Odysseus but Telemachus could not see her, sense her there- the gods don't show themselves to every man alive." This involves dramatic irony because Telemachus can’t see Athena however, Odysseus can therefore, Telemachus is not fully aware of what is going on around him.
Page 344 line 200- "His own son gazed at him, wonder struck, terrified too, turning his eyes away" This quote is also involves dramatic irony because when Odysseus confronts his son, Telemachus does not recognize his father who the gods have changed his appearance.

Symbols:
Page 345 Lines 246 & 247- "They cried out, shrilling cries, pulsing sharper than birds of prey" (Symbol)
A symbol of a great outburst.

Page 346 Line 283- "Two henchmen, skilled to carve their meat" (Symbol)
In this quote, one would generally think that “meat” means food, however this more likely means that they are very skilled killers using the term “meat” for their enemies.

Page 247 Line 327- "Iron has powers to draw a man to ruin"
This quote perhaps stands to symbolize the power that weapons have over the men who are eager to use them against their enemies.
Absentee father
s-
Odysseus left Telemachus for about 10 years and all of a sudden decides to come back into his life.
Real life absentee fathers- “According to the US Census Bureau 24 million in America one out of every three live in biological father- absent homes.”
Sorry for the delay.
Here are some funny Odysseus tweets to make up for it. :)
The first setting of book 16 begins in Eumaeus' little lodge. We don't get much of a description of Eumaeus' place, though it does call it a lodge on countless occasions, so we can guess that it's probably small. However, at the beginning, there are descriptions of "howling dogs" and "droves of pig". The text also reveals that Eumaeus is a pig farmer, so we can infer that he lives on a small farm somewhere in Ithaca.
Full transcript