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Copy of Tenses in English [EFL - ESL]

A presentation to explain some grammatical tenses (Present simple,present Continuous, ...)
by

Iván Matellanes Fresnadillo

on 1 September 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Tenses in English [EFL - ESL]

The tenses in English
Past tenses
Present tenses
Future tenses
Now
Past perfect
Simple Past
Past Continous
Present
Perfect

Present Simple
Present Continuous

Future
Now
Present Simple
Present Continuous
I am going
I go
Present Simple
FORM (Affirmative):
I go
You go
He/She/It
goes
We go
You go
They go
FORM (negative):
I do not go
You do not go
He/She/It
does
not go
We do not go
You do not go
They do not go
FORM (Interrogative):
Do I go ... ?
Do you go ...?
Does
he/she/it go ...?
Do we go ...?
Do you go ...?
Do they go ...?
Subject + BASE Form
Subj + Auxiliaty + NOT + Base form
Auxiliaty + Subject + Base form
Now
Norms (In 3rd person singular -
He goes
-):
Verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person:
g
o
– goes; cat
ch
– catches; wa
sh
– washes; ki
ss
– kisses; fi
x
– fixes; buz
z
– buzzes
Verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES:

marr
y
– marries; stud
y
– studies; carr
y
– carries; worr
y
– worries
NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S:
pl
ay
– plays; s
ay
– says
USES of the
Present Simple:
a. To talk about habits in the present.
I
always
talk to my mother on Sunday.
He
never
eats vegetables.
I
sometimes
do my home work
Adverbs of Frequency:
Always
(siempre)
,
Everyday
(cada día)
,
Usually
(normalmente)
,
Often
(a menudo)
,
Sometimes
(a veces)
,
Rarely
(raramente)
,
Hardly ever
(casi nunca)
,
Never
(nunca).
(+) More
Frequent
(-) Less
Frequent
b. To talk about general or scientific facts.
He does not [doesn't] eat vegetables.
She works in a hospital.
Elephants live in Africa.
Present Continuous
Now
FORM (Affirmative):
I am going
You are going
He/She/It

is going
We are going
You are going
They are going
FORM (negative):
I am not going
You are not going
He/She/It is not going
We are not going
You are not going
They are not going
FORM (Interrogative):
Am I going ... ?
Are you going ...?
Is he/she/it going ...?
Are we going ...?
Are you going ...?
Are they going ...?
Subject + TO BE + Base -ing
Subj + TO BE + NOT + Base -ing
TO BE + Subject + Base -ing
Norms (Formation of -ing verbs -
go
ing
-):
BASIC rule: Base form + -ING
Work - work
ing
; play - play
ing
; see - see
ing
...

[CVC] - If the base verb ends in consonant + stressed vowel + consonant double the last letter:

s
top
- sto
pp
ing;
run
- ru
nn
ing; be
gin
- begi
nn
ing ...
[-ie > -y] - If the base verb ends in -ie, change it to -y:
l
ie
- l
y
ing; d
ie
- d
y
ing.
[silent -e > 0] - If the base verb ends in a silent -e, you omit the -e:
com
e
- coming
.
[-l > -ll] - If the base form ends in -l, you double it:
trave
l
- trave
ll
ing
.
USES of the Present Continuous
a.1. To talk about that is happening now.
I am studying
now.
He is eating
at the moment.
a.2. To talk
about something that is happening in the present, but not at the moment of speaking.
She's
currently
looking for a job.
Are you working?
[not now, but in the present]
A. to express the present time
Time references:
Now
(ahora)
,
At the moment
(En este momento)
,
Right now
(ahora mismo)
,
Currently
(actualmente).
Forms:
Spelling:
Forms:
Spelling:
Full transcript