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Early Specialization vs. Diversification

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Piroska Boros

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Early Specialization vs. Diversification

Early Specialization vs Diversification in Sport Boros, P., Broome, P., Carrion-Estrada, D., Chariton, C., Hurt, T., Marsh, S., Panther, B., Rose, J., Verink, T. & Mack, M. Background 30 to 45 million youth 6-18 years old participate in organized sports
70% of kids 13 years of age and younger drop out of organized sports
Disproportion in the amount of injuries
Injuries in young athletes that used to be exclusive to college and professional athletes Why We Diversify? Dangers of Early Specialization More fun engaging in athletics
Tend to develop a more positive attitude
Improved leadership qualities, mental status, and athletic ability
Cope better with losing and stress of competitive sports University of Northern Iowa References Suggestions Statistics Baker, J., Cobley, S., & Fraser-Thomas, J. (2009). What do we know about early specialization? Not much! High Ability Studies, 20 (1), 77-89.
Brenner, J. S. (2007). Overuse injuries, overtraining, and burnout in child and adolescent athletes. American Academy of Pediatrics, 119, 1242-1245.
Canadian Sport for Life. (2010). Long-term athlete development. Retrieved from http://canadiansportforlife.ca/sites/default/files/resources/CS4L%20Resource%20Paper.pdf
Coyle, D. (2009). The Talent Code: Greatness Isn’t Born. It’s Grown. Here’s How. New York: Bantam Dell.
Dawes, J., & Roozen, M. (Eds.). (2012). Developing Agility and Quickness. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Gould, D. (2006). Sport specialization. Retrieved from http://www.usaswimming.org/_Rainbow/Documents/10cdc1ec-1d30-4987-ba01-7575f6b8ad27/Sport%20Specialization.pdf
Marin, C. (2012). When it comes to Olympic gymnasts, does age impact performance? Retrieved from http://www.health.umn.edu/healthtalk/2012/08/01/gymnastic-age-requirements/
Shomper, M. R. (2011). Benefits of multiple-sport participation outweigh sport specialization. High School Today, 4 (8), 28-29.
Susanj, D., & Stewart, C. (2004). Specialization in Sport: How early… How necessary? http://www.healio.com/orthopedics/pediatrics/news/print/orthopedics today/%7B1DF10DFE-9589-42BC-AB5C-F699264F8106%7D/Prevention-and-misconception-are-chief-concerns-in-battling-youthsports-injuries
Waldron, J. J., & Chariton, C. L. (in press). Burnout. In D. Levinson & K. Christensen (Eds.), Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing. Thank you for watching! The purpose of this presentation is to.... 80% of athletes in a university study were H.S. multisport athletes
23 years old - Avg. age of 2008 Summer Olympic team
10,000 hours of practice needed for expertise Decreased overall athletic ability
Overuse injuries
Social isolation
Excessive stress levels
Dropout rates
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