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Cinematography

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by

Grace Lott

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Cinematography

Cinematography
Tonalities
:manipulates film stock, exposure, and developing procedures
Speed of Motion
:the motion we see on the screen depends on the relation between the rate at which the film was shot and the rate of projection
Cinematography
:writing in motion where the filmmaker can select the range of tonalities, manipulate the speed of motion and transform perspective.
Perspective
Tinting & Toning
Toning: dye added during the developing of the positive print.
Exposure
:regulating how much light passes through the camera lens
differentiated by the chemical qualities of emulsion; the type of stock used will have an affect on whether or not there is more or less contrast
Film Stock
Tinting: dipping the already developed film into a bath of dye.
Hand-coloring: black & white images colored frame by frame
manipulating tonalities by scratching off emulsion.
Rates
: calculated in frames per second
Standard rate
: established as 24 frames per second when synchronized sound cinema came in at the end of the 1920's
-
the 35mm cameras used today allow for a range between 8 to 64 fps to film with.
Fast-motion effect
: film is exposed at fewer frames per second than the projection, making the screen action look sped up.
Slow-motion effect
: more frames per second shot, the slower the screen action will appear
Ramping
: shifting speeds of movement very smoothly and rapidly.
Time-lapse
: requires a very low shooting speed such as one frame per minute, hour, or day.
High-speed
: the camera may expose hundreds, even thousands, of frames per second.; requires a specially designed camera.
Perspective
Optical Printer
: device that rephotographs film, copying all or part pf each original film onto another reel of film
skip frames
reprint a frame at desired intervals
stop the action
reverse the action
:optical system of our eyes registering light rays reflected from the scene, supplies a host of information about scale, depth, and spatial relations among parts of the scene.
The Lens: Focal Length
The Lens: Depth of Field and Focus
Special Effects
Lens
: gathers light from the scene & transmits that light onto the flat surface of the film to form an image that represents, size, depth & other dimensions.
Focal Length
: distance from the center of the lens to the point where the light rays converge to a point of focus on the film
Short focal length lens (wide angle)
Middle focal length lens (normal)
Long focal length lens (telephoto)
Zoom shot
Depth of field
: the range of distances before the lens within which objects can be photographed in sharp focus.
Deep Focus
: use of faster film, shorter-focal-length lenses, and more intense lighting that yields a greater depth of feld
Selective focus
Racking Focus
: option of adjusting perspective while filming
Superimpositon
: separation of photographed planes of action combined on the same strip of film to create the illusion that the two planes are adjacent.
Rear Projection
: creates very convincing depth cues,
Front Projection
: allows scenes to be projected behind the actors so that the actors appear to be moving on these scenes
Matte Work
: portion of the setting photographed on a strip of film, usually with part of the frame empty. Through laboratory printing the matte is joined with another strip of film containing the actors: creates an entire imaginary setting for the film
Computer-generated Imagery (CGI)
:applying computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, media, films, television, etc.
-Four real tigers were used in the production , for reference and motion capture.
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