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Chapter 14: Northern and Western Europe

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by

Matt Hills

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 14: Northern and Western Europe

Chapter 14: Northern and Western Europe
Section 1: The British Isles
History
British Isles made up of two independent countries
The Republic of Ireland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United Kingdom
Four political regions:
England
Wales
Scotland
Northern Ireland

Two physical regions:
Lowland Britain (Most of England)
Highland Britain (Northern England, Wales, and Scotland)
History
Economy
Issues and Challenges
Lowland Britain
Complex Geography
Many groups have occupied the area:
Celts
Romans
Angles
Saxons
Vikings

Sequent Occupance: Settlement by successive groups of people, each group creating a distinctive cultural landscape...
Celts
Anglo-Saxons
Vikings
The British Empire
Founded in the 1600s and 1700s

Powerful Navy

Spread of English language, Christianity, Law, sports, and other customs

Over time, most parts of the empire gained independence...
Ireland
Did not win independence from British until 1921

Mid-1800s Potato Famine

1 Million died when potato crop failed several years in a row

Many migrated to the United States

Famine: Widespread shortage of food

Culture
Social life centered around eateries

Sports:
Soccer
Rugby
Cricket

Language: English
Ireland
England
Republic

President is head of state

Roman Catholic

Capital: Dublin
Constitutional Monarchy

King or Queen is head of state

Parliament makes laws, led by Prime Minister

Protestant

Capital: London
Economy of Britain
Industrial Revolution began in Britain

Built first railroads (Early 1800s)

Built first subway system (Late 1800s)


Industrial Rise and Decline
Wool and Cotton

Trade between Britain and Colonies

1900s: Lost dominance

Inefficient and unwanted products

WWII: Nationalized industry: owned by government
Changing Fortunes
Today: Most industry is privately owned

Urban Renewal or Gentrification

Oil, gas, and tourism helped economy

Irish Economy
Traditionally based on farming

One of Europe's rapidly developing countries

Main industries:
Banking
Computers
Electronics
Food Processing

Immigrants moving to Ireland for jobs
Issues and Challenges
Violence has been an issue in Northern Ireland. Irish called problems "the troubles"

Disagreement between Catholics and Protestants

Terrorist groups from both sides have killed thousands
Full transcript