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Creating a Climate of Fear: Immigration and the War on Immigrants
Transcript of Creating a Climate of Fear: Immigration and the War on Immigrants
By Tania Mattos
Every year, about 65,000 undocumented students graduate from high school every year.
No access to higher education
No access to jobs
No access to basic needs like a state identification, drivers license, health insurance,
A life in fear
Being ripped apart from your loved ones
Constant threat of deportation
This 1847 map of Mexico was appended to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which marked the end of the Mexican-American war in 1848. The map shows Upper California and New Mexico as part of Mexican territory. These lands were ceded to the United States in the treaty.
Five Ways Immigration System Changed After 9/11
1: Creation of the Department of Homeland Security and increase funding.
In 2002, President Bush passed the Homeland Security Act, creating an umbrella entity charged with keeping the U.S. safe from future terrorist attacks. The new department would oversee a range of agencies, including those dealing with immigration — U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CPB).
2: Spending on deportations
Immigration enforcement increased dramatically after September 11. Immigrant removals — including deportations and so-called voluntary departures — went from roughly 200,000 people in 2001 to nearly double that in 2011.
3: Removing criminals... and non-criminals
In 2001, there were roughly 18,000 criminal deportations compared to a projected 91,000 in 2012 — roughly a 400 percent increase,
4: Turning local police officers into immigration agents
One of the reasons for the spike in deportations during the Obama administration is a relatively new immigration enforcement program called Secure Communities. First launched in 2008, the program is now in effect in states across the country, and will be national by 2013.
Secure Communities requires local law enforcement to share the fingerprints of arrestees with Homeland Security. The prints are run through a database, and if the search turns up an immigration hold, the arrestee can be detained until federal immigration authorities arrive.
The program empowers local police officers to serve as de facto immigration agents, whether they want that responsibility or not. If a police officer arrests someone for running a stop sign, the officer might be effectively threatening the arrestee with deportation. Likewise, an undocumented crime victim fearful of being accidentally arrested, fingerprinted, and deported may be less likely to come forward with tips for authorities.
5: Tying immigration enforcement to corporate profits
Considering the billions of dollars allotted to immigration enforcement in the past decade, it's not surprising that private businesses want to get onboard. Enter the Corrections Corporation of America and the GEO Group, the two companies that manage most of the country's private immigration detention centers.
Drop the "I" word
First Wave Immigration: This wave of immigration consisted mainly of White Anglo Saxon Protestants which mostly came from northern Europe and included Germans and British and the Irish.
The second wave of immigration occurred during the late 1800s to the 1900s. Immigrants came from southern and eastern Europe like the Irish. Italians, Greeks and Polish (mostly W.A.S.Cs) The main cause of this wave of immigration was the new technology that was available through the Industrial Revolution. There were also asian immigrants who
Third Wave Immigraiton took place within the late 1880's and the early 1900's. The United States saw the peak of immigration from Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and China. Just after the turn of the century, in 1902, U.S. immigration set new records as people from Italy, Austro-Hungary, and Russia.
"Comprehensive" Immigration Reform Bill of 2013
Roughly 4 million of the current 11.5 million undocumented immigrants would be excluded.
$40 Billion to militarizing the US-Mexico border.
Migrants would still cross, but in increasingly remote areas, and more people would die as a result. If apprehended, people who cross the border would face between one and 30 years in prison, depending on their prior criminal and immigration records.
RPI- Registered Provisional Immigrants - immigrants earning below the federal poverty line who have also been unemployed for more than 60 consecutive days would lose their legal status
Most immigrants would have to maintain RPI status for at least 10 years before obtaining green cards. It would be at least 15 years before they could qualify for most public benefits and at least 10 years before they could receive health insurance subsidies under the Affordable Care Act.
Push and Pull Factors
Migrants are pushed out of their native lands and pulled toward a new place. This idea is called the push-pull factor.
Push factors are the facts of life that make a person want to leave. Don’t have a job? Treated badly by your government? Lose all of your crops in a drought? These problems can lead someone to look for a better life in another country. Policies that create poverty?
Ways To Get Involved
1: Share immigration articles on Social Media.
2: Start a Dream Team on your campus.
3: If you see something – Start a petition.
4: Stand up against bullies or derogatory comments.
DREAM ACT 2010