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Brass Instruments

Various types of brass instruments.
by

Austin Hilscher

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Brass Instruments

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by vibration of air with the vibration of the player's lips. Brass instruments are also called labrosones, literally meaning "lip-vibrated instruments". Brass Instruments The Trumpet Baritone French Horn Mellophone Tubas The Trombone There are two main factors involved in producing different pitches on a brass instrument: One is alteration of the player's lip tension, and another is air flow. The trumpet is the highest sounding member of the brass family. The brilliant tone of the trumpet travels through about 6 - ½ feet of tubing bent into an oblong shape. The player presses the three valves in various combinations with the fingers of the right hand to obtain various pitches. The baritone horn is a member of the brass instrument family. It has a predominantly cylindrical bore as do the trumpet and trombone, and uses a large mouthpiece much like those of a trombone or euphonium, although it is a bit smaller. It is pitched in B, one octave below the B trumpet, which makes it a type of low brass instrument. The horn, commonly known as the French horn, is a brass instrument made of about 1213 feet of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
Descended from the natural horn, the instrument is often informally known as the French horn. However, this is technically incorrect since the instrument is not French in origin, but German.
Pitch is controlled through the adjustment of lip tension in the mouthpiece and the operation of valves by the left hand, which route the air into extra tubing. The mellophone is a brass instrument that is typically used in place of the French horn in marching bands or drum and bugle corps.Owing to its use primarily outside of concert music, there is not much solo use for the mellophone, other than that used within drum and bugle corps. The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched brass instrument. Sound is produced by vibrating or "buzzing" the lips into a large cupped mouthpiece. It is one of the most recent additions to the modern symphony orchestra, first appearing in the mid-19th century, when it largely replaced the ophicleide.A person who plays the tuba is known as a tubaist or tubist. The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. Like all brass instruments, sound is produced when the player’s vibrating lips cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate. Nearly all trombones have a telescoping slide mechanism that varies the length of the instrument to change the pitch, instead of valves. The word trombone derives from Italian tromba (trumpet) and -one (a suffix meaning "large"), so the name means "large trumpet". More information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brass_instrument
Brass Instruments
Austin Hilscher
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