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Evidence-Based Claims

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by

Melanie Krehbiel

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Evidence-Based Claims

What is an Evidence-Based Claim?
First,
an Evidence-Based Claim
states a conclusion that you have come to... and that you want others to think about.
Let's Talk About Lunch!
In the REAL WORLD...
So....
Evidence-Based Claims
Introductory Activity
Slip or Trip? -
An Exploration into Evidence
Based Claims
Here is a "crime scene photo". Using the case study on the following slide, decide if it was murder or a terrible accident.
Police Report:
At five-feet-six and a hundred and ten pounds, Queenie was a beautiful sight to behold. When she tore out of the house after a tiff with her husband, Arthur, she went to the country club where there was a party going on.

She left the club shortly before one in the morning and invited a few friends to follow her home and have one more drink.

They got to her house about ten minutes after Queenie. She met them at the door and said, “Something terrible happened. Arthur slipped and fell on the stairs. He was coming down for another drink—he still had the glass in his hand—and I think he’s dead. Oh, my God—what shall I do?"

The autopsy conducted later concluded that Arthur had died from a wound on the head and confirmed that he’d been drunk.

Is it an accident? Is it murder?

In your partner-group, discuss the topic of
school lunches
for 30 seconds. At the end of 30 seconds, together you should come up with one CLAIM about school lunches. This means you will "state a conclusion that you've come to and that you want others to think about." Ready? Go!
Brainstorm Time: 1 minute total

Now that you have a claim about school lunches, decide if your claim is supported by evidence or not. For example, "I think they suck" is an opinion about school lunches, but it's not supported by factual evidence!

Is your claim supported or unsupported by evidence?
Let's take a couple minutes to hear your CLAIMS and hear possible evidence to support those claims.
Is it easier to provide
supported
or
unsupported
CLAIMS to the debate about school lunches?
What about other debate topics?


It's really important that any claims you make (either spoken or written) to your audience are supported by evidence you can point to.
In your partner-group, discuss fields or other careers or jobs where CLAIMS are a critical part of one's work.
Brainstorm session

Scholars, critics and others who use CLAIMS in their daily job know they need evidence to support the conclusions that they draw about a topic.
The evidence in someone's CLAIM must be convincing (enough) to the readers or the listeners.
according to
welltrainedmind.com
,
Literary Analysis
is "Understanding the techniques that make a literary work effective, identifying them in the books [or stories] you read and writing a brief essay explaining what you’ve identified."

CLAIMS are also used in
literary analysis.

What the heck is literary analysis?

Ideas, anyone?
But first let's review:

Here are the top
three
characteristics of
an Evidence-Based Claim:

1. "states a conclusion that you want your audience to think about."

2. "all parts of the claim are supported by specific evidence."

3. "demonstrates knowledge of and sound thinking about a topic."


In this unit about Evidence-Based Claims, you will be applying your skills of reading closely for textual details (remember the GQ handout from our Church & State unit?) and making evidence-based claims in the realm of literary analysis.

Before we're done, let's see if the following CLAIM is truly an Evidence-Based Claim.
In this unit, we will...
- learn about Evidence-Based Claims
- read and analyze and discuss a short story
called "The Red Convertible" by Louise Erdrich
- write our own Evidence-Based Claims

The "CER" Method of
Evidence-Based Claims
C
laim = What do you know?
E
vidence = How do you know it?
R
easoning = Why does your evidence support your claim?
Second, it demonstrates knowledge of and sound thinking about a topic.
Third, all parts of the claim are supported by specific evidence.
Get in a group with one or two people.
Here's the CER
Method at work:
Sample Student Response:
In the story "Slip or Trip?", Queenie and her husband Arthur quarreled. Margaret left and came back some hours later. When she got home, her husband came down the stairs to get a drink and slipped and fell and died. I conclude she killed Arthur. She was mad at him and saw an opportunity to kill him.

To begin with, Arthur still has his glass in his hand. This is obviously planted. If a person falls while carrying something, then the person will drop the item to stop the fall. There is no way he could have fallen and held his drink. The only conclusion I can come to is that Queenie put the drink in his hand after she murdered him.

Secondly, Queenie and Arthur had a fight earlier that night. She also arrived home 10 minutes before the other guests. There was no one there to see her do it, nor to see him "fall". Additionally, immediately after he fell down the stairs, she had the forethought to cook something on the stove. Her husband just fell down and might be dead and she is worried about tea. Obviously, only a cold killer could do this.....

In light of all of this evidence, only one conclusion is possible: Queenie is a cold-hearted killer.
Was their CLAIM that she was a witch Evidence-Based??
Full transcript