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VUS 10

Great Depression and New Deal

John Hogan

on 26 November 2014

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Transcript of VUS 10

Popular culture reflects the prosperity of the era
Newspapers and Magazines
Explore how radio, movies, newspapers, and magazines created popular culture and challenged traditional values in the 1920s and 1930s.
How are the Chinese characters portrayed?
How do the chareacters show emotions?
What's up with the kite flying scene?
Why are there tree carvings, magicians, snake charmers in this cartoon?
How does Felix deal with the snakes? Woud this be acceptable on TV today?
How violent is this cartoon? Describe a violent scene.
The 1930s represented a pivotal decade in film history. Sound had entered the pictures creating a whole new way to convey ideas and advance the story. Dialogue became an important ingredient of screenplays, and the entertainment factor was enhanced as music and dance could be successfully transferred to the screen. Along with sound came new technology that brought clearer pictures and better editing. By the end of the decade color had been perfected and movies became more realistic than they ever had before.
Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
The Wizard of OZ (1939)
American Musical Fantasy
What do movies such as these suggest about the prosperity of the nation in the 1920s and 1930s?
Movies provided escape from Depression-era realities
The Shadow (1930s)
Broadcast jazz and Fireside Chats
The Fireside Chats were a series of short, radio address given to the nation by President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.
Shaped cultural norms and sparked fads
Flapper - A stylish, brash, hedonistic young woman with short skirts & shorter hair
Red Grange
Chicago Bears (1920s)
Newspapers reported on sports and entertainment
Challenges to traditional values
•Traditional religion: Darwin’s Theory, the Scopes Trial
•Traditional role of women: Flappers, 19th Amendment
•Open immigration: Rise of newKu Klux Klan (KKK)
•Prohibition: Smuggling alcohol and speakeasies
Draw a magazine cover (construction paper and at least two colors) that illustrates an example of mass media (radio, movies, newspapers, and magazines) promoting challenges to traditional values in the 1920s and 1930s.
1920s magazines covers
VUS 10b: The United States emerged from World War I as a global power. The stock market boom and optimism of the 1920s were generated by investments made with borrowed money. When businesses failed, the stocks lost their value, prices fell, production slowed, banks collapsed, and unemployment became widespread.
Causes and Consequences of the
1929 Stock Market Crash
Darwin, 1859
The Scopes Trial—formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and informally known as the Scopes Monkey Trial—was a landmark American legal case in 1925 in which high school science teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act which made it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded school.[1]
The Scopes trial was really about separation
of church and state.
18th Amendment
Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Causes of the
Great Depression
When business was booming, investments were made with borrowed money.
Called "buying on margin"
Excessive expansion of credit
$1.00 in 1925 would be equal to $13.25 in 2012!
See: http://shs.westport.k12.ct.us/jwb/AP/20sEcoInd.htm
Business failures led to bankruptcies
Business failures led to bankruptcies
Business failures led to bankruptcies
Bank deposits were invested in the stock market. When the market collapsed, the banks ran out of money. People lost their money.
Causes of the Stock Market Crash
Consequences of the stock market crash of 1929
•Clients panicked, attempting to withdraw their money from the banks, but there was nothing to give them.

•There were no new investments.
The stock market crash of 1929

collapse of stock prices
Federal Reserve’s failure to prevent widespread collapse of the nation’s banking system in the late 1920s and early 1930s, leading to severe contraction
in the nation’s supply of money in circulation
High protective tariffs that produced retaliatory
tariffs in other countries, strangling world trade
(Tariff Act of 1930, popularly called the
Hawley-Smoot Act)
Unemployment and
Collapse of the financial
system (bank closings)
Decline in demand
for goods
Political unrest (growing militancy of
labor unions and workers)
Farm foreclosures and migration of
workers looking for jobs
The New Deal influenced the public’s belief in the responsibility of government to deliver public services, to intervene in the economy, and to act in ways that promote the general welfare. In other words, under the New Deal the government expanded
its role to include taking care of the American people.
New Deal
(Franklin Roosevelt)
This program changed the role of
the government to a more active
participant in solving problems.
Roosevelt rallied a frightened nation in which one in four workers was unemployed. (“We have nothing to fear, but fear itself.”)
Relief measures provided direct payment to people for immediate help (Works Progress Administration—WPA).
Recovery programs were designed to bring the nation out of the depression over time (Agricultural Adjustment Administration—AAA).
Reform measures corrected unsound banking and investment practices (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation—FDIC).
The Social Security Act offered safeguards for workers.

This is a huge iceberg!
What is the legacy of the New Deal?
Impact of the Great Depression
overspeculation in the stock market
overrproduction in factories and farms

uneven distribution of wealth
Full transcript