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THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
Transcript of THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
The Annexation of Texas
Acquiring new territories often results in political, social, and economic advantages, but it can also generate unexpected and negative consequences.
In 1845 Texas was annexed and became the 28th state in the United States.
Many Texas favored annexation because:
Gaining peace and security from Mexico
Republic heavily in debt
Many had families and ties to U.S.
The United States' attitude toward annexation was mixed.
Southerners favored annexation because:
They wanted expansion of slavery.
They feared British action in Texas.
Northerners opposed annexation because:
They were against the expansion of slavery and they feared a war would erupt with Mexico if Texas was annexed.
Some Americans also feared economic burden from the Republic of Texas in assuming their debt.
In 1844 James K. Polk ran for President of the United States on the platform to annex Texas. He would win the presidency and become the 11th President of the United States.
Another major reason many Americans favored the annexation of Texas was the concept of
was the term given to the desire for the United States to control all of the continent.
EVENTS LEADING TO THE ANNEXATION IN 1845
• March: U.S. Congress passed and President Tyler signed a Joint Resolution to annex Texas.
According to it Texas could:
Join as a state (not territory) after drafting a constitution.
Would retain its public lands, but use proceeds from them to pay down the debts of the Republic.
Could divide itself into as many as five states
Would be a slave state
Urged by Great Britain, Mexico offers treaty guaranteeing Texas independence so long as it remains a separate republic.
Texas Congress met at Washington-on-the-Brazos to consider both joint resolution and treaty with Mexico; passed joint resolution
Texas voters accept the resolution
THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
Texas Congress adopts State Constitution.
U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution to annex Texas, thus making it a state.
December 29, 1845:
President Polk signed joint resolution;
Texas becomes 28th state of U.S.
February 19, 1846
Official ceremony where President Anson Jones handed over reins of state government to Governor James Pinckney Henderson.
BRITAIN'S INTEREST IN TEXAS
DESIRE TO PROTECT TEXAS AGAINST MEXICO
AMERICANS WORRY ABOUT BRITISH INFLUENCE IN TEXAS
PRESIDENT TYLER URGES ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
TEXAS IS OFFERED STATEHOOD
CREATE YOUR OWN POLITICAL CARTOON
1. Students, create your own political cartoon.
2. You must:
Create you own cartoon either for or against annexation of Texas.
Your cartoon must have the reasons for favoring or opposing the annexation of Texas.
Your cartoon should have multiple colors and should be framed, like the example.
Due on January 8, 2014.