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THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS

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Michael Venturi

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS


The Annexation of Texas

Acquiring new territories often results in political, social, and economic advantages, but it can also generate unexpected and negative consequences.
CAUSES
In 1845 Texas was annexed and became the 28th state in the United States.
Many Texas favored annexation because:
Gaining peace and security from Mexico
Republic heavily in debt
Many had families and ties to U.S.
CAUSES
The United States' attitude toward annexation was mixed.
Southerners favored annexation because:
They wanted expansion of slavery.
They feared British action in Texas.
Northerners opposed annexation because:
They were against the expansion of slavery and they feared a war would erupt with Mexico if Texas was annexed.





CAUSES
Some Americans also feared economic burden from the Republic of Texas in assuming their debt.

In 1844 James K. Polk ran for President of the United States on the platform to annex Texas. He would win the presidency and become the 11th President of the United States.
MANIFEST DESTINY
Another major reason many Americans favored the annexation of Texas was the concept of
Manifest Destiny
.

Manifest Destiny
was the term given to the desire for the United States to control all of the continent.
EVENTS LEADING TO THE ANNEXATION IN 1845
• March: U.S. Congress passed and President Tyler signed a Joint Resolution to annex Texas.
According to it Texas could:
 Join as a state (not territory) after drafting a constitution.
 Would retain its public lands, but use proceeds from them to pay down the debts of the Republic.


Could divide itself into as many as five states
 Would be a slave state

May:
Urged by Great Britain, Mexico offers treaty guaranteeing Texas independence so long as it remains a separate republic.

July:
Texas Congress met at Washington-on-the-Brazos to consider both joint resolution and treaty with Mexico; passed joint resolution

October 1845:
Texas voters accept the resolution

THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
1845
October 1845:

Texas Congress adopts State Constitution.
December 1845
:
U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution to annex Texas, thus making it a state.
December 29, 1845:

President Polk signed joint resolution;
Texas becomes 28th state of U.S.
February 19, 1846
:
Official ceremony where President Anson Jones handed over reins of state government to Governor James Pinckney Henderson.
BRITAIN'S INTEREST IN TEXAS
DESIRE TO PROTECT TEXAS AGAINST MEXICO
AMERICANS WORRY ABOUT BRITISH INFLUENCE IN TEXAS
PRESIDENT TYLER URGES ANNEXATION OF TEXAS
EFFECT:
TEXAS IS OFFERED STATEHOOD
CREATE YOUR OWN POLITICAL CARTOON

1. Students, create your own political cartoon.
2. You must:
Create you own cartoon either for or against annexation of Texas.
Your cartoon must have the reasons for favoring or opposing the annexation of Texas.
Your cartoon should have multiple colors and should be framed, like the example.
Due on January 8, 2014.
Full transcript