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The History of Popular Music

A brief chronology of the history of popular music, focusing on the major genres during the last 60 years. Feel free to reuse and adapt this presentation, as long as you credit the original author.
by

Johannes Wiberg

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of The History of Popular Music

NEW ORLEANS
Rock
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
BRITAIN
R&B
EDM
Hip hop
BRITAIN
Washington D.C.
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
Indie
DETROIT
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHE SIZERS
LOS ANGELES
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
SYNTHESIZERS
1980
PHILADELPHIA, NEW YORK
The History of Popular Music
Reggae
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
Slower and more laid back than Ska.
More complex rhythm, and a prominent organ.
NEW YORK
Rhythm & Blues
Instrumental versions of Reggae songs.
Dancehall
NEW YORK
JAMAICA
DJ Kool Herc
Toasting
A person ("deejay") talking or singing impromptu over a reggae song (usually a dub version of a song)
A DJ who played
funk
and
disco
songs at his parties in the Bronx, men but wanting to focus on the beat of the music, as in dub music - invented the
Breakbeat
.
Breakbeat
The instrumental break in a song being looped so that it is made infinitely long - made by utilizing to record players taking turns playing back the break while the other is being backed up to the beginning of it.
Hip hop
The first hip hop song to become a hit was
Rapper's Delight
by
in
1979
.
Old School
Simple rapping accompanied by dance music, happy party-lyrics.
Hardcore Hip hop
Harder hip hop with heavier beats and angrier lyrics.
Afrika Bambataa
Grandmaster Flash
LOS ANGELES
Gangsta Rap
EAST COAST
Even heavier, faster rapping, lyrics about criminality, violent attitudes.
Ice-T
2Pac
Snoop Dogg
WEST COAST
West Side vs. East Side
Notorious B.I.G.
Wu-Tang Clan
Puff Daddy
Arguments between the two sides;
and
were both killed in drive-by shootings.
Expansion
The rapping style of hip hop spread to other genres during the 90s, most commonly Metal and Eurodance.
Rage Against The Machine
Linkin Park
E-Type
Aqua
Alternative Hip hop
Alternative hip hop acts like

and reached greater popularity, mixing hip hop with other genres, especially R&B end EDM (electronic dance music).
National hip hop
Hip hop has found different national styles in many cultures, performed in the idigenous language,
often by a socially predisposed subculture.
Sweden:
youths born from immigrants (

,
and
)
.

Germany:
Turkish hip hop (a large Turkish minority).

France:
Hip hop from several North African minorities.

The Arab World:
Social protest music, often censored, among them the Tunisian rapper who played an important role in the "Arab Spring" in 2011.
1950
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1960s
1960
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2010
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2010
- Music inspired by the Rastafari culture, popularized world wide by .
Gospel
Soul
Funk
DETROIT
Disco
USA
Psychedelic Rock
Progressive Rock
Glam Rock
TYSKLAND
Kraftwerk
Glam Metal
Synth Pop
CHICAGO
House
Dubstep
Brostep
Classical music
Blues
Punk
GERMANY
Rap Metal
Metalcore
Indie
Britpop
Blues Rock
Pop Punk
Invented in southern U.S. by African American descendants to slaves, in the early 20th century. Originally a slow, sad kind of music but became faster with more instruments.
A danceable mix of Blues and Jazz.
Rock'n'Roll
Rockabilly
Doo-Wop
Jump Blues
Boogie Woogie
Jazz
Country
NWOBHM
Simpler and fewer instruments compared to Roots Reggae.
Later often electronic instruments.
Roots Reggae
R&B
Contemporary
Trance
2010
"Emo"
NWOAHM
New Jack Swing
R&B
Proto Punk
New Wave
New Romantic
Ragga
Dance
An abbreviation of Rhythm & Blues.
Protest music
- a way for weak and predisposed social groups to make themselves heard.
- A genre that developed among poor african american youths in the cities of USA.
RAP
- rhythmic speaking, with rhyme and structure
BEAT
- the rhythm accompanying rapping, created from samplings, synthesizers and/or beatboxing.
Sample
= a piece, part or example.

Sampling
(music)
:
using an extract from an existing recording to create a new work.
"Race music"
The original 1940s Rhythm & Blues is completely different from contemporary R&B.
An African American genre (created by the black community in USA).
was one of the first to mix gospel music with Rhythm & Blues lyrics and attitude.
Stax soul had a more raw sound, closer to original R&B.
The Temptations
Marvin Gaye
Stevie Wonder
The Supremes
Jackson 5
+ Atlantic
James Brown

Salsa
Funk Rock spread and developed during the 70s.
Parliament / Funkadelic
Earth, Wind and Fire
Sly And The Family Stone
Jazz
Psychedelic Rock
Rhythm & Blues
Ska
Rocksteady
Ska
Reggae
Dub
Funk, Soul
and Disco
Dancehall Reggae
NWA
Dr. Dre
R&B
Hip hop
Blues
Rhythm & Blues
Soul
Soul
Soul
Soul
Funk
(Latin American dance music)
(1976-79)
A faster, more danceable variant of soul, influenced by psychedelic funk and salsa music.
Popular in the Latin and African American community, especially the gay community and among women
Disco became popular among whites and outside USA, much due to the film
Saturday Night Fever
featuring John Travolta.
"Urban Contemporary"
Gloria Gaynor
Barry White
Donna Summer
The Jackson 5
Synth-based disco, with
as a forerunner.
Michael Jackson
Madonna
Paula Abdul
Synth-based
dance pop
with disco roots.
Dance music with Soul and Disco roots but influenced by Hip hop.
Boyz II Men
Bobby Brown
Whitney Houston
Mariah Carey
Janet Jackson
Michael Jackson
Soul
music with a 90s sound, with increasing hip hop influences.
Mary J. Blige
Lauryn Hill
Destiny's Child
In the 00s, Hip hop and R&B grew closer each other, and most artists and songs were a mixture of the genres. R&B artists with a sound that was less influenced by hip hop were sometimes dubbed
Neo-Soul
, like .
Christina Aguilera
Justin Timberlake
Approaching 2010, influences from Soul diminished in many R&B artists, and the genre moved closer to EDM (electronic dance music).
Beyonce
Dub
EDM
Eminem
50 Cent
Lil Wayne
Jay-Z
Ludacris
Macklemore
Akon
Timbaland
Nicki Minaj
Drake
1970
DJ
(disc jockey) - in charge of the beat
MC
(master of ceremonies) - the rapper
Breakdance
- accompanying dance, belongs to hip hop culture
Grafitti
- accompanying art form, belongs to hip hop culture
The sounds made by a synthesizer start as electronic impulses, not acoustic vibrations.
Thus, the music is referred to as electronic music.
SYNTHESIZER
- a machine that creates sounds through electronic circuits.
(Synth)
The first synthsizers were expensive and impractical.
It wasn't until the 1960s that synths began to be used in popular music.
- music influenced by drug use, with led to artists experimenting with various genres and techniques. This is were the first uses of synthesizers in popular music can be found.
The Grateful Dead
The Doors
Jimi Hendrix
British
Invasion
Pink Floyd
Kept up the experimentation; long, complex, hard to play songs, often containing synths.
Glam Rock outfit had a keyboardist/synth player, , who later came to prominence as a solo artist and in collaboration with glam icon . Eno is considered an important pioneer in electronic music.
Genesis
Yes
Jethro Tull
Pink Floyd
Focus on visual aspects; lots of makeup and glitter, but at the same time often deep lyrical content.
David Bowie
Gary Glitter
Alice Cooper
Lou Reed
New York Dolls
Roxy Music
Suzi Quatro
Psychedelic Rock
Psychedelic Rock
Glam Rock
Kraftwerk
New Wave
Depeche Mode
Human League
Ultravox
David Bowie
Kraftwerk
Disco
The original form of EDM.
A minimalistic form of electronic disco
originally performed at the club
The Warehouse
.
Electro
Funk
An electronic funk based music genre.
A harder, more mechanical version of House.
Juan Atkins
Derrick May
Modern R&B
G-Funk
Glam image with simple songs - made with synthesizers.
Faster, warmer, more emotional and melodic.
Paul van Dyk
Armin van Buuren
Tiësto
Hip hop
Euro Disco
Techno
House
Trance
An evolution of Euro Disco influenced by all kinds of EDM, often utilising rapping as well as singing.
Sometimes referred to as "Techno".
Meanwhile, "real" Techno, House och Trance was more popular among people in the Rave scene.
Aqua
E-Type
2Unlimited
DaBuzz
Basshunter
Alcazar
Haddaway
House
R&B/Soul
Hip hop
Trip hop
Trip hop
is a soft mix of house and hip hop with soul influenced vocals.
Massive Attack
Portishead
Tricky
House
House in several, often pop-influenced incarnations were popular in the late 00s going into the 10s.
Progressive House
Electro House
2000
Heavier house, originally influenced by Electro.
Benny Benassi
David Guetta
Shabba Ranks
Beenie Man
Sean Paul
Shaggy
Experimental, komplex house.
Dada Life Deadmau5
Avicii Eric Prydz
Swedish House Mafia
Electronic dancehall with sped up drum samples and spoken vocals.
(Ragga jungle)
Wayne Smith
General Levy
Daddy Freddy
Ragga
Photek
Adam F
Pendulum
Speedy breakbeat-drums with a heavy bass and a minimalistic sound.
- heavy bass, speedy Drum'n'Bass-drums and often including vocals (sometimes rapping, when combined with hip hop).
Four-on-the-floor
Developed from the UK Garage-scene around 2000, focusing on irregular rhythm patters and heavy sub bas (lower frequencies), often with effects creating a "wobbly" sound.
House
Drum 'n' Bass
+ Jungle
Grant Nelson The Streets
So Solid Crew Mis-Teeq
Benga
Caspa
Skream
Digital Mystikz
Rusko
"bass drop"
= when a heavier bass line enters, coinciding with a rise of intensity in the sound.
Modern
Metal
Dubstep
Dubstep with metal influences, popularized in USA.
Less focus on sub bass, more aggressive synth sounds similar to electric guitars in metal, combined with komplex, almost schizophrenic shifts and rhythms.
- the artist who popularized the genre.
Datsik
Excision
Getter
Zeds Dead
Knife Party
Eurodisco
House influenced by Euro Disco and Funk.
Daft Punk
Thomas Bangalter
Cassius
Electro
Peech Boys
Cybotron
Industrial
Based on the idea of making music out of "non musical" sounds, often gathered from industrial equipment (like drills or jackhammers)
Kevin Saunderson
- the kick beat that is central to almost all EDM. Began as a simplification of the disco beat.
Inner City
Dave Clarke
Throbbing Gristle
Einstürzende Neubauten
Often referred to as just dubstep.
Techno
Mantronix
More and more synthesizers are used - hip hop becomes an electronic music genre.
EDM contains many similar genres.
Remixing
is a common practice - remaking a song into a new genre.
(i.e. a trance remix from a euro disco song or a brostep remix of a house song).
RECORDS
Otis Redding
Isaac Hayes
Wilson Pickett
MEMPHIS
RECORDS
Motown soul was simple, straightforward, and heavily marketed. Founder Berry Gordy ran the label according to the "assembly line" principle used by car manufacturers.
Motown

Aretha Franklin
Ne-Yo
Soul became more popular in the 60s. It was developed and marketed by two main record labels:
1980
1980s: the rise of the Synthesizer
EUROPE
Euro disco
Expressions coined in the 60s referring to the heavier, more aggressive sound found in many acts at the time.
Loud, aggressive guitar based music with a heavy bass, A strong drum beat and strained vocals.
- an shorter form of
Heavy Metal
but with the same meaning.
Hard Rock / Heavy Rock
Metal
Many forms of heavy metal developed, distinguished by different prefixes, such as "thrash (metal)", "glam (metal)" and "nu (metal)".
Thrash, glam and nu metal are, thus, forms of the overarching term
heavy metal
.
Initially, white citizens in USA didn't listen to Rhythm & Blues.
The DJ Alan Freed started playing Rhythm & Blues-records on the radion calling them "Rock'n'Roll" - to avoid the connection to "race music".
a mix of R&B and white popular music (
Barbershop
) focusing on vocal harmonies.
Rock'n'Roll
The Country artists' version of Rhythm & Blues.
Initially closer to Country, with no drum set.
Later more similar to Rhythm & Blues.
- the first white artist who could sing in a style similar to black Soul and R&B singers.
American Folk Music
Bill Haley
Jerry Lee Lewis
Carl Perkins
Buddy Holly
Brenda Lee
Chuck Berry
A Rock'n'Roll-artist who showcased the solo guitar, an important influence on the development of 60s rock music.
Rocksteady
Alton Ellis
Derrick Morgan
Winston Jarrett
Lee "Scratch" Perry
Derrick Morgan
Buju Banton
Desmond Dekker
King Tubby
Keith Hudson
Mikey Dread
Jamaican dance music
with a back beat.
The Skatalites
Prince Buster
Byron Lee and the Dragonaires
1950sl
1960s
late 60s
1970s
1980s
late 80s
~1990
1990s
1990s
Robert Johnson
Blind Lemon Jefferson
Skip James
W.C. Handy
1940s-1950s
Dave Bartholomew
Fats Domino
Big Joe Turner
Little Richard
Albert Ammons
T-bone Walker
1900-1930
1950s
1960s
1960s
~1970
1980s
1980s
1990s
- the original rock guitarist
- composed his own songs
- a rawer, overdriven sound
- lyrics about and aimed at youths
Public Enemy
Run DMC
late 70s
Chris Brown
1960s
Blues
Rock'n'Roll
The Rolling Stones
The Yardbirds
Cream
Jimi Hendrix
British and American bands and artists.
Rock musik with evident blues roots, centered around the guitar, with lots of soloing and improvisation (jamming).
Psychedelic
Rock
Blues Rock
These days, electronic instruments are used in most popular music.
EDM -stylistics:
- dance music
- electronic instruments
- usually sparse or no vocals
- often lacking traditional verse-chorus-structure
Jazz
Eurodance
Distorsion
Chuck Berry turned up the volume louder than the speaker could play - the sound was
distorted
.
The sound becomes edgier, dirtier and the notes last longer (longer sustain).
The Development of better electric guitars and louder amplifiers with more distorsion goes hand in hand with the development of the rock and heavy metal music genres.
Heavier, angrier, louder.
Led Zeppelin

Black Sabbath

Deep Purple
- playing a heavy form of blues rock, often counted as the first heavy metal band.
- originators of the metal image, with dark lyrics, downtuned guitars and a deeper, heavier sound.
- a higher tempo, falsetto screaming and influences from classical music (especially in instrumental solos)
The New Wave Of British Heavy Metal
Heavy
Metal
Progressiv
rock
Punk Rock
The 2nd generation of Metal:
Judas Priest
Motörhead
Iron Maiden
Saxon
Less blues influences, faster and heavier.
Metal
Glam Rock
NWOBHM
1980s
Softer metal with pop-influenced choruses, fast guitar solos, synths and MTV-styled hair and outfits.
Mötley Crüe
Def Leppard
Poison
Bon Jovi
Van Halen
Twisted Sister
Europe
Metal
Thrash
metal
Hardcorepunk
NWOBHM
Hardcore punk
Metallica
Slayer
Anthrax
Megadeth
Harder and more aggressive, often abandoning a vers-chorus-structure for songs consisting mainly of riffs and guitar solos.
A genre demanding great technical skill, like many later forms of metal.
Death Cannibal Corpse
Possessed Carcass
Death
Black Metal
Dark, fast, screachy metal often connected to Satanism.
Often purposely bad recordings.
Bathory
Mayhem
Burzum
Watain
Dimmu Borgir
At The Gates
Dark Tranquillity
In Flames
Opeth
Amon Amarth
Meshuggah
SWEDEN
Extremely fast and heavy metal with "growling" instead of traditional vocals.
USA
USA
BRITAIN
Alice Cooper
Aerosmith
Kiss
FLORIDA
Industrial
Thrash Metal
Industrial Metal
Nine Inch Nails
Ministry
Marilyn Manson
Rob Zombie
Rammstein
Punk
Hardcore
Influenced by the industrial scene - Rock och EDM with "non-musical" machine inspired sounds.
Several bands reached mainstream popularity in the 90s.
Thrash
Metal
Hardcore Punk
Alternative Rock
Alternative
Rock'n'Roll
British Invasion
Garage Rock
Heavy Metal
Punk Rock
NWOBHM
USA
Punk, New Wave
Screamo
Hiphop
Metal+hiphop
Industrial Metal
Grunge
Death metal
Post-grunge
Hardcore punk
Nu Metal
Metalcore
Pop Punk
Emo
Indie
Emo
Hardcore punk
Punk Rock
Hardcore Punk
Indie
- Do It Yourself
Two very differing genres with common roots:
the punk mentality.
Also known as
Mistrust and anger towards the establishment
(politicians, the police, adults, rich people, big corporations)
.
You can only trust yourself - better to do it yourself.
D.I.Y.
D.I.Y.
Anti-commercialism
= avoiding the rule of money
Mistrust towards big record labels
"Sellout" = an artist or band becoming "mainstream".
Post Punk
Emotional
Emo
Hardcore
Postpunk
Originated in Seattle in the late 80s as an alternative rock genre.
Its popularity "killed off" the Glam Metal craze of the 80s.
Nirvana
Pearl Jam
Soundgarden
Stone Temple Pilots
Alice In Chains
Smashing Pumpkins
Grunge fashion
Post Grunge
The 2nd generation of grunge bands.
More pop-influenced, easy-listening.
Creed
Nickelback
Foo Fighters
Staind
Three Days Grace
Several metal bands experimented with metal-hip hop mixes in various ways, often also with influences from Funk and Punk Rock.
Rage Against The Machine
Faith No More
Kid Rock
Primus
Hip hop outfits with metal influences:
Grunge
Korn Limp Bizkit
Linkin Park P.O.D.
Slipnot Papa Roach
System Of A Down
A mixture of several 90s metal styles.
Often instances of rap.
Heavy, deep but also pop-influenced choruses.
Hip hop influenced drums.
Nu Metal
The New Wave Of American Heavy Metal
A reaction to Nu Metal and the 90s movement.
Influenced by 80s genres, like Thrash Metal and Hardcore.
Less pop influences, more guitar solos.
Alternative Metal
Machine Head
Lamb Of God
Mastodon
Slipknot
Trivium
All That Remains
A very popular metal genre post 2005.
Prominent Hardcore Punk influences.
Also influenced by death metal (growling).
Metalcore is often considered a part of the NWOAHM movement.
"Anti-etablishment"
Garage Rock
British bands playing straight rock with less emphasis on blues and swing - became hugely successful in USA.
British
The Beatles
The Rolling Stones
The Who
The Kinks
Mod fashion:
jacket and tie, beatle haircut, driving a vespa.
"Homemade" rock bands,
a muddy, unpolished sound.
USA
UK -> USA
BRITAIN
The Who
The Kinks
The Troggs
British Invasion bands recognised as protopunk:
The American band
is often considered the first
punk rock band.
Angry, fast,
simple, catchy
songs.
BRITAIN
The noisy Garage Rock came to
, and became huge.
Dissatisfied city youths, mistrusting the failed wellfare state as well as contemporary rock music (pretentious heavy metal, prog and glam rock)
The punk sound was a suitably simple, angry genre.
The Sex Pistols
The Clash
The Damned
The Buzzcocks
Siouxsie and the Banshees
The punk movement turned against commercialization (like trendy clothes) and meant to challenge and chock - but soon, "punk fashion" was available in clothes stores.
USA
The Ramones
Television
The Voidoids
"Punk is the new wave"
Many new bands promoted as "punk rock" were musically different.
The term "New Wave" came to refer to the less aggressive "punk" outfits.
Soon, many considered the punk movement too commercial, and some bands aimed to find new ways to express themselves.
USA
BRITAIN
Talking Heads
Blondie
Devo
The Go-Go's
The Police
Elvis Costello
The Clash
Aztec Camera
Culture Club
Joy Division
U2
The Smiths
The Cure
Siouxie And The Banshees
USA
R.E.M.
Sonic Youth
Swans
Hüsker Dü
The Replacements
BRITAIN
Many Post Punk bands strived to keep the creative control, in line with the Punk mentality. They chose to sign themselves to smaller, independent record labels
C86 = cassette tapes featuring
several independent bands,
released by the music magazine NME.
ALTERNATIVE:
A mostly American term
INDIE:
A mostly British term
Radiohead
The Flaming Lips
Joy Division
U2
The Smiths
The Cure
Siouxie And The Banshees
USA
R.E.M.
Sonic Youth
Swans
Hüsker Dü
The Replacements
BRITAIN
The earlier mentioned post punk bands are also often cited as alternative/indie bands:
-rock
-pop
If a band gets signed to a major label, is their music no longer indie?
Can a band still be considered alternative if they become popular?
British bands from the indie scene that gained popularity in the early 90s.
Oasis
Blur
Suede
Pulp
The Verve
Indie / Alternative
A huge genre with many new bands. Some of these bands are also considered Pop Punk and/or "Emo".
Fun.
Bastille
Arcade Fire
Foster The People
Coldplay
Weezer
Death Cab For Cutie
Thirty Seconds To Mars
-rock / -pop
Imagine Dragons
Muse
Placebo
Tokio Hotel
The Hives
Weeping Willows
Kent
Takida
Heavier, angrier, crazier.
The singer shouts and screams rather than sings.
Indie
Britpop
Pop
Punk
Classic sounding Punk became more popular in the 90s, but less aggressive and without the message and punk mentality found in the punk movement
of 1977.
Greenday
Good Charlotte
Avril Lavigne
My Chemical Romance
Some hardcore bands added other emotions than anger to their music.
Rites Of Spring
Embrace
Jawbreaker
Sunny Day Real Estate
A more extreme version of Emo with quick changes between softer, emotional passages and speedy, screaming assaults.
A more metalized version of Screamo gained popularity in the mid 00s.
Portraits Of Past
Circle Takes The Square
City Of Caterpillar
The Used
Alexisonfire
"Emocore"
"Fashioncore"
"Scene"
During the 00s, the music press started to define music that people with a certain clothing style listened to as "Emo music".
My Chemical Romance
Tokio Hotel
Bullet For My Valentine
Jimmy Eat World
- Pop Punk
- Pop / Rock
- Metalcore
- Rock / Punk
This "emo craze" started losing its popularity after 2010.
1965-1970
1970-1975
1974
1970-75
1980s
1985
~1990
Techno
House
1980s
1970-80-tal
1990-tal
1980s
1990s
1995-2005
1900s
1955-1960
1955-
1970s
1977-1980s
1980s
1980s
1990s
~1990
1990-tal
~1990
~1990
late 90s
2000-tal
2000s
1960-70s
1975-1980
~
~1980
1980s
1985-
1990
1990s
1990s
2000-
2000-
* Distorsion
* Hard drums
* Screamed vocals
* Heavy bass
* Improvisation - aggression, energy and musical extacy
"Hard Rock"

Blues Rock
Jesse Saunders
Frankie Knuckles
Fingers Inc.
Hardcore Punk
Death Metal
Napalm Death
Carcass
Pig Destroyer
BRITAIN
Grindcore
Sweet
Slade
T.Rex
Queen
Kiss
-Funk / -Boogie
House
Kraftwerk
New Wave
British Invasion
GarageRock

An extremely fast and heavy version of punk rock.
Closely related to Death Metal, nearly inseparably so.
Run DMC+Aerosmith
Beastie Boys
Cypress Hill
Public Enemy+Anthrax
Funk
Punk
Melodic/Progressive Death Metal
NORWAY
Rihanna
/Metalstep
USA
THE THREE GREATS:
Often aimed at younger audiences.
introduced the "double guitar-riff" - and the leather outfits.
Judas Priest:
The world's greatest metal band?
More than 85 million in album sales.
Guns 'n' Roses
Arrived late to the scene, sporting a sleazier style with a more rock'n'roll influenced sound
MC5
The Velvet Underground
New York Dolls
The Stooges
During the 80s, the "New Wave" term came to refer to the Synth Pop genre.
1980-85
SCOTLAND
Primal Scream
The Jesus And Mary Chain
Cocteau Twins
(IRELAND)
(IRELAND)
Bullet For My Valentine
Avenged Sevenfold
Killswitch Engage
Asking Alexandria
Invasion
"New Romantic"
Boy George =
Also called College Rock
USA
Black Flag
Bad Brains
The Minutemen
Bad Religion
Hüsker Dü
Keith Sweat
Jodeci
"Hip Hop Soul"
Heavy Metal
Heavy Metal
Genres, sub genrer, sub-sub-genres...
Acid House
Hip House
Techno House
Deep House
Tribal House
Booty House
Electro House
Dark House
Brit House
French House
Happy House
Epic House
Progressive House
Hardcore
Happy Hardcore
Makina
French House
Hardstyle
Gabber
Rave
Trancecore
Speedcore
Darkcore
EBM
Goa Trance
NRG
Ibiza Trance
Tech Trance
Hard Trance
Deep Techno
Tribal Techno
Minimal Techno
Euro Techno
Dubtronica
Acid Breaks
Funky Breaks
Nu Electro
Speed Garage
2-step
Grime
Dark Breaks
Jump Up
Neurofunk
Trancestep
Liquid Funk
Acid Jazz
Downbeat
Ambient
Trap
Jungle
/ Drum'n'Bass
Borgore
Glitch
Complextro
Hardstep
Speedstep
Drumstep
Electro Dub
Bitpop
Moombahton
Moombahcore
Handbag
Hardbag
Cybergrind
Futurepop
Skwee
Dubstyle
....................
Several forms of softer electronic music, especially popular in .
Calypso
- from Trinidad & Tobago
Mento
- from Jamaica
Ska
Bob Marley
OutKast
Kanye West
Latin Kings
Timbuktu
Labyrint
El Général
Ray Charles
gave the instruments a more prominent role in his music, especially the
electric bass
, focusing on the groove.
ABBA
Hiphop
Dance
Missy Elliot
Roxy Music
Brian Eno
David Bowie
Skrillex
Elvis Presley
Thrash
The Ramones
The Sugarhill Gang
2Pac
Notorious B.I.G.
Caribbean
folk music
Alicia Keys
EDM
Grand Funk Railroad
-metal?
-punk?
The Pixies

Ween
LEGEND
Arrows indicate that a genre has influenced (inspired or evolved into) a subsequent genre.
Blue arrow
= both genres belong
to the same main genre
(i.e. Soul and Disco).
Red arrow
= genres that belong
to different main genres
(i.e. Metal influenced by Hiphop).
Green arrow
= influenced by a genre
outside of popular music
(i.e. classical music).
Folkmusik
Rhythm & Blues
Bo Diddley
Pet Shop Boys
Modern Talking
"Europop" "Eurobeat" "Hi-NRG"
Rick Astley
Kylie Minogue
SEATTLE
Grunge
1990
Hard Rock
MTV
MTV
MTV
the 80's: synthesizers & MTV
Aphex Twin Röyksopp
The Orb Björk
Ambient / "Electronica"
1990
UK Garage
UK Garage
Later, the term Rock'n'Roll came to refer to the mixing of black Rhythm & Blues and white popular and country music.
Often said to be the first form of Rock'n'Roll.
Rock

- comes from "rocking and rolling" which originally referred to ships at sea but later meant dancing, extacy or sex.
African American religious music
Sam Cooke
James Brown
Hip hop-culture after 1990
The Gangsta Rap culture that glorified criminals became popular. Hip hop artists often bragged in the lyrics about:

Being a criminal and demanding respect ("gangsta")
Being wealthy ("bling-bling")
Having women ("bitches")

The genre became increasingly shallow and demeaning towards women. Many rappers chose other styles but the most popular artists kept this style into the new millenium.
Fall Out Boy
Sum 41
Blink 182
1975
1975-1980
Dance Pop
(dance)
A mixture of
pop
and
electronic disco
- one of the most popular and best selling genres since the 80s.
Madonna
Kylie Minogue
80s:
Spice Girls
Britney Spears
Christina Aguilera
Shakira
90s:
00s:
Ellie Goulding
Ariana Grande
Sia
10s:
Lady GaGa
Katy Perry
Rihanna
Kesha
Dominated by female artists:
Big Band or Swing was very popular in the 1930s.
What genre?
What genre?
What genre?
What genre?
What genre?
SOURCES
My main source is
Wikipedia
, corroborated by various other sources, among them music encyclopedias (such as "African American Music: An Introduction"
[ed. Burnim & Maultsby]
and "Natur & Kulturs musikhistoria"
[ed. Erik Kjellberg]
) as well as my own and fellow music lovers' knowledge.
(similar to a sound collage)
THE FOUR PILLARS OF HIP HOP:
Stax
(especially from USA and India)
Originally a german progressive rock band (Krautrock), that made music exclusively with synthesizers, laying the foundation for all
EDM that came
after them.
Film scores
Fatboy
Slim
Hip hop influenced genres:
Big Beat
Big Beat
is EDM with a break beat.
Fatboy Slim
The Prodigy
Chemical Brothers
& Western
Rock
Independent -->
Indie
FAMOUS EXAMPLES:
Punk
The Disco Era
The Bee Gees
Kool & the Gang
Village People
ABBA
The O'Jays
Cuban music
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