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Şeniz Pamuk

on 5 January 2013

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WIINE: TASTE AND PLEASURE Wine has a rich history dating back thousands of years, with the earliest known production occurring around 8,000 years ago. The Greek god Dionysus and the Roman equivalent Bacchus represented wine, and the drink is also used in Christian Eucharist ceremonies and the Jewish Kiddush. He was sometimes at the heart of frenzied madness that led to savage murder. Writers often contrast Dionysus with his half-brother Apollo. Dionysus is the god of wine and drunken revelry in Greek mythology. He is a patron of the theater and an agricultural /fertility god Dionysus is the son of Zeus and Semele. He is the only god to have a mortal parent. Zeus came to Semele in the night, invisable, felt only a devine presence. Semele was pleased to be a lover of a god, even though she did not know which one. Hera went to Semele in disguise and convinced her she should see her lover as he really was. When Zeus next came to Hera she made him promise to grant Semele one wish. She went so far as to make him swear on the River Styx that he would grant her request. Zeus was madly in love and agreed. Semele then asked him to show her his true form. Zeus, was unhappy, and knew what would happen but, having sworn he had no choice. He appeared in his true form and Semele was instantly burnt to a crisp by the sight of his glory Zeus did manage to rescue Dionysus and stiched him into his thigh to hold him until he was ready to be born. His birth from Zeus alone conferred immortality upon him DIONYSUS: THE GOD OF WINE Dionysuses problems with Hera were not yet over. She was still jealous and arranged for the Titans to kill him. The Titans ripped him into to pieces. However, Rhea brought him back to life. After Zeus arranged for his protection and turned him over the mountain nymphs to be raised Dionysus wandered the world actively encouraging his cult. He was accompanied by the Maenads who are wild women, flush with wine, shoulders draped with a fawn skin, carrying rods tipped with pine cones. While other gods had templaces the followers of Dionysus worshipped him in the woods. Here they might go into mad states where they would rip apart and eat raw any animal they came upon Dionysus is also one of the very few that was able to bring a dead person out of the underworld. Even though he had never seen Semele he was concerned for her. Eventually he journeyed into the underworld to find her. He faced down Thanatos and brought her back to Mount Olympus. Wine is one of the most widely spread alcoholic beverage in the world WINEMAKING -FROM GRAPES TO WINE Red wine is made from the must (pulp) of red or black gra pes that undergo fermentation together with the grape skins. White wine is made by fermenting juice which is made by pressing crushed grapes to extract a juice; the skins are removed and play no further role. Smell the wine Swirl the Wine SMELL AGAIN WINE TASTING STEPS SIP -5 S'S OF TASTING- SAVOR WIN E TASTING TERMS Don't forget to be courteous, and always drink responsibly! Body - The body of a wine is the size or heft of it in your mouth. While a light bodied wine glides over your palate softly and without weight, a full-bodied wine feels heavy and big in your mouth. 2 4 5 Dry - Another of the more confusing wine tasting terms. Most accurately, dry describes a wine which has no residual sugar, the opposite of sweet. However, most newbies use dry to describe the mouthfeel of a tannic "leathery" wine. Finish - The finish is the aftertaste of a wine. Oaky - One of the most widely used wine tasting terms, oaky describes a wine with noticeable oak aromas and flavors Tannic - Describing a wine with a lot of tannin, the compound found in grape skins and stems. This creates the drying, slightly astringent sensation in your mouth. Red wines generally have much more tannin than white wines. LET'S NOW LEARN THE BASICS OF TASTING WINE!

1.Hold the wine glass by the "stem" of the glass
*Do not cup the bottom of the glass-it will make our wine warm and gross:)
2. WineTypesSite.com The History of Wine The History of Wine Let's find out what we know about the major progressions of wine drinking and wine making throughout the years. Ever wondered how did somebody figure out they could crush a grape, ferment the juice, and come up with wine? The harvesting of grapes and winemaking was first recorded in Ancient Egypt beginning around 4,000 BC.
Ancient Egyptians used stone tablets or wrote on walls to record information about their grape harvests. Ancient Beginnings Winemaking spread throughout the Mediterranean. Ancient Greece and Roman Empire An important factor in the history of wine and it spreading to England was the marriage in 1152 of Eléonore of Aquitaine (Bordeaux region) with Henry Plantagenet , who was to become Henry II, the future king of England. It is thought that the Romans introduced the grapevine to France, which, at the time, was known as Gaul. France and England People found other sources for their excessive indulgences, like hard liquor, beer and ale, tobacco, chocolate, and coffee and tea. The wine industry is challenged in the 17th and 18th centuries. 17th and 18th Centuries French wine had become a great source of national pride for the people of France as it had become known as the benchmark of wine making standards in the international wine world. 19th Century The New World wine makers began to challenge Old World wine makers round about the 19th century. New World As technological procedures advanced, the winemaking industry developed better methods for production, which created better and more varied types of wines. Modern Times www.WineTypesSite.com Top 7 Red Wine Types Malbec grapes make a mid-bodied, rustic red wine, dry, with high acidity.
Due to its acidity, it is most often blended with other wines. Malbec (MAHL-beck) One of the darkest reds, Shiraz can be made as a fruity, sweet wine with plumy flavors or a dry peppery wine with notes of blackberries, licorice, and chocolate. Shiraz (shih-RAZ) / Syrah (Sih-rah) Famous for being one of the world’s finest red varietals.
Deep red in color, Cabernet is a beautiful medium to full-bodied, dry wine. Cabernet Sauvignon
(ca-ber-nay so-vin-yawn) Merlot is considered a bit softer and less tannic than other red wine types, like Cabernet. Due to its mellow taste and low acidity it is a good choice for those new to drinking red wine. Merlot (Mer-LO) There are thousands of different red wine varietals..
…. how do you choose? What are the red wine types that are the most popular?  The wine is light to moderate in body, fresh, and delicate. It comes in an array of colors, from purplish-red to cherry-red, even turning brown during aging. A delicious red wine made from a variety of black grapes that were originally grown in France’s Burgundy region. Pinot Noir (Pee-no na-wahr) There are thousands of different red wine varietals..
…. how do you choose? What are the red wine types that are the most popular?  Leading White Wine Types Sauvignon Blanc aromas and flavors can be smoky (light), herbal, grassy, with suggestions of bell peppers. It can also run the gamut, from evoking thoughts of unripe fruit, such as pears or apples to tropical fruits, like mangos, melons, and blackcurrants. It is typically a very light wine that tends to be acidic and crisp. Also known as “Fumé Blanc” to highlight the wine’s smoky flavors. Sauvignon Blanc (So-veen-yawn Blah) White zinfandel is a pale, pinkish color that’s very sweet and lends itself to citrusy flavors, such as orange or grapefruit as well as hints of vanilla and strawberries. Made from the same red grape used to make Red Zinfandel. White Zinfandel Tends to be voluptuous, velvety, and dry. Its citrus flavors, like lemon and grapefruit, and fruity melons are complemented with those of its oak barrel fermentation, including rich, creamy, buttery tones and hints of vanilla and toast. The most popular white wine. Chardonnay (Shar-don-nay)
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