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Social Network Analysis in Higher Education

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Colin Woekel

on 3 June 2015

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Transcript of Social Network Analysis in Higher Education

Social Network Analysis in Higher Education
History
Brief
Began with just a few studies in the middle of the century
Unorganized
"...no well-defined and cohesive community of scholars who collaborate..."
Huge potential
"...with the advent of new, extensive relational data sources...researchers will have more opportunity than ever before to investigate the social networks among students, faculty, and staff at colleges and universities."
Main Themes
Student and Faculty Networks
Attitudes on Diversity
Friendship Networks (Homophily and Propinquity)
Student Behaviors and Outcomes
Scientific Collaboration
Institutional Networks
Prestige and Career Trajectories
Ties between research and industry
International Ties/Study Abroad
Publication/Citation Networks
History of Publications
Han 2003
Very confusing. Math.
Conceptualizes institutions as "buying" and "selling" PhD's
Conceptualizes the "Prestige Principle"
Uses job placement data from Lingua Franca from 1994-2000 across 30 disciplines (N=11,113)
Discovers a "feeder sequence"
Fig 4.1
Biancani, Susan and Daniel A. McFarland. 2013. “Social Networks Research in Higher Education”. Pp. 151-215 in Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research Volume 28, edited by Michael B. Paulsen. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.
Prestige and Career Trajectories
Han, S.-K. 2003. “Tribal Regimes in Academia: A Comparative Analysis of Market Structure Across Disciplines”.
Social Networks
, 25(3), 251-280.
Burris, B.V. 2004. "The Academic Caste System: Prestige Hierarchies in Ph.D. Exchange Networks".
American Sociological Review
, 69(2), 239-264.
DiRamio, David, Ryan Theroux, and Anthony J. Guarino. 2009. “Faculty Hiring at Top-Ranked Higher Education Administration Programs: An Examination Using Social Network Analysis”.
Innovations in Higher Education
, 34:149-159.
Feeder Sequence
Burris 2004
Fun Fact: Teaches at Oregon
Expands on Weber and Bourdieu
Examines the networks of faculty at all U.S. PhD granting institutions in Sociology, Political Science, and History
Departmental Prestige = Social Capital = Eigenvector Centrality
Explaining Academic Prestige
DiRamia et al 2009
Do top programs hire from each other?
Are faculty from the "outside" finding positions at top programs?
Gathered data from CV's on websites of top 21 departments
Incorporated a "self imposed anonymity criterion
Compare the network to a biological system and use subjective measures of network health
Address anonymity concerns
My Project
Where do Sociology PhD's end up?
Graph complete network of 2004-05 PhD recipients in Sociology
People as edges, Institutions as nodes
Three phase study, nearing the end of phase one
Variables:
Student Name, PhD Institution, Undergrad Institution, Undergrad Year, Masters Institution, Current Institution, Current Position, Community College, Link
Sources:
Department Websites, CV's, LinkedIn, Facebook,
Publications, Personal Websites, Rate My Professor
Full transcript