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Congress for Dummies

Government
by

Elizabeth Bautista

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Congress for Dummies

Qualifications & Terms of Office The Senate Bicameral Structure & Representation Congress is composed of 2 separate chambers 113th Congressional Profile Years: 2013–2015 Expressed/Formal & Informal Powers / Elastic Clause Expressed/Formal Powers Checks on Other Branches by the
Legislative Branch Checks on the Executive Branch Congress for Dummies Elizabeth Bautista Bibliography CA Representation & Committee Positions Congressperson State Senators Barbara Boxer- (D - CA) Class III
112 HART SENATE OFFICE BUILDING WASHINGTON DC 20510
(202) 224-3553
Web Form: www.boxer.senate.gov/en/contact/ Dianne Feinstein- (D - CA) Class I
331 HART SENATE OFFICE BUILDING WASHINGTON DC 20510
(202) 224-3841
Web Form: www.feinstein.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/e-mail-me Loretta Sanchez
12397 Lewis Street, Suite 101
Garden Grove, CA 92840
Phone: (714) 621-0102
Fax: (714) 621-0401 www.house.gov www.senate.gov - The Senate and the House of Representatives The Senate - "upper house,"
-Smaller, it has less members than the House
-Each state has two Senators
-100 Senators House of Representatives -"lower house"
-Larger, it has more members than the Senate
-Each state has a number of representatives based on population
-435 House of Representatives -Must be at least 25 years old
-United States citizen for at least seven years
-Inhabitant of the state he or she represents
-They serve two year terms. -Must be at least 30 years old
-United States citizen for at least nine years
-Inhabitant of the state Senators represent
-They serve six years The House of Representatives California _2 Senators
-53 Representatives in the House -100 Senators
-55 Democrats (2 Independents- Sanders and King)
-45 Republicans The Senate The House of Representatives -435 House of Representatives
-200 Democrats
-233 Republicans
-2 Vacancies 1) To lay and collect taxes, duties, imports and excises
2) To borrow money
3) To regulate commerce with foreign nations and between states
4) Establish naturalization rules and bankruptcy
5) Coin money, set its value and punish counterfeiting
6) Fix standard of weights and measures. Informal Powers/Elastic Clause -Set laws usually not under their jurisdiction by declaring it "necessary and proper" for Congress to carry out their job
-Example:
1. Establishment of the National Bank
2. Buying the Louisiana Purchase 1) Can refuse to pass a law the president wants
2) Surpass the veto with 2/3 votes by both houses
3) Impeachment process only to remove president from office
4) Senate can refuse to approve the appointment of a certain office by the president
5) Can refuse to ratify a treaty the president signed Checks on Judicial Branch 1)Changing the number and jurisdiction of lower courts
2) Using impeachment to remove judges from office
3) Refusing to approve a person nominated to be judge John Boehner (Republican) Congress Speaker of
the House President of
the Senate President Pro
Tempore Joseph Biden Patrick Leahy Minority
Whip Majority
Leader House House Senate Senate -Is the lead speaker for the majority party during floor debates
-Develops the calendar-Assists the president or speaker with program development, policy formation and policy decisions. -Assist the minority leader on the floor
-Count votes
-Ensure attendance of minority party members -Preside over the Senate in the president's absence
-Exercise the powers and duties of the president in his or her absence
-Assume other duties as assigned by the president -Preside over the daily sessions of the Senate
-Preserve order in the chamber
-State parliamentary motions
-Rule on parliamentary questions
-Appoint committee chairs and members
-Refer bills to committee
-Sign legislation, writs and warrants
-Act as the official spokesperson for the Senate -Preside over the daily sessions of the Senate
-Preserve order in the chamber
-State parliamentary motions
-Rule on parliamentary questions
-Appoint committee chairs and members
-Refer bills to committee
-Sign legislation, writs and warrants
-Act as the official spokesperson for the House or Assembly Harry Reid (Democratic) John Cornyn (Republican) Eric Cantor (Republican) Steny Hoyer (Democratic) 7) Establish post office and post roads
8) Issue patents and copyrights by inventors and authors
9) Create courts inferior to the Supreme Court
10) Define and punish piracy's, felonies on high seas and crimes against law of nations http://housepressgallery.house.gov/2012-house-election-results http://www.senate.gov/galleries/pdcl/senate_breakdown.html American Government Book Constitution 11)Declare war
12) Raise and supply an army and navy and make rules for their governance
13) Provide for militias (reserving to states the right to appoint militia officers and to train militia under congressional rules
14) Exercise exclusive legislative powers over seat of government and other places bought as federal facilities How a Bill Becomes a Law http://www1.leg.wa.gov/documents/legislature/studentspage/kids/bill2law.htm -Formal powers granted to Congress are those that are
written in the constitution. -Informal powers granted to Congress are those that are not written in the constitution, but through the 10th amendment Congress can take actions if they are "necessary and proper" according to a situation. -The most significant powers of Congress are the informal powers, because without these it would be difficult to take actions that arise in the modern world of today, that were not stated as powers hundreds of years ago by the founding fathers.
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