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Elements of Poetry

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Jason Flanagan

on 17 March 2016

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Transcript of Elements of Poetry

Elements of Poetry
What is poetry?
"Poetry is something that most people recognize when they see it, even if they cannot define the term precisely."
- Language of Literature
Sound Devices
Consonance
Using words with the consonant sound within or at the end of the words.
Rhyme
Using the same sound at the end of each line of a poem
Alliteration
Using words with the same vowel sounds close together
a weird, wobbly wingnut
a psyched cyclist circling the cylinder track
exciting example!
she feared he'd have a weird beard
Rap rejects my tape deck, ejects projectile
Whether Jew or Gentile, I rank top percentile,
Many styles, More powerful than gamma rays
My grammar pays, like Carlos Santana plays
Assonance
Using words with the vowel sound within or at the end of the words.
Rap rejects my tape deck, ejects projectile
Whether Jew or Gentile, I rank top percentile,
Many styles, More powerful than gamma rays
My grammar pays, like Carlos Santana plays
A
E
I
O
U

Y
He's got the loudest mouth of the South.
Alternating rhyme can create rhythm
if only you could see
what it's like to be me
Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyme in a poem. Letters are used to show similar rhymes.
creates a lyrical form and rhythm
Funny it seems, but by keeping it's dreams,
it learned to breathe fresh air.
Long live the rose that grew from concrete
when no one else ever cared.
A
B
C
B
A
A
Figurative Language
Simile
Making a comparison between two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
"Life is like a box of
chocolates. You'll never know what you'll get."
Similes often examples themselves.
These comparisons help us visualize the thing the speaker wants us to see.
Rhythm and form
Metaphors
Directly comparing two unlike things
Life is a box of chocolates.
She is stone cold.
Metaphors have hidden meanings and need to be interpreted.
The woman was a robin, but her man refused to her tree.
Like similes, they help the reader visualize or sense things in the text.
Imagery
Creating vivid images through "sensory details" - descriptions that require the reader to use their five senses
Through descriptions
Reader involvement
Purpose in imagery
Creates mood
Use of modifiers
Personification
Things like animals and objects are given human qualities.
Form
It's the physical arrangement of the words.
Free verse has no form
Stanzas are a group of lines separated by a line break
Haiku
Sonnets
Cinquain
Acrostic
Limerick
Concrete
Each stanza usually speaks to an idea
We can relate to human actions and emotions, so speakers will use personificiation to make an object more relateable.
Symbolism
Use of symbols to convey a complex theme or idea. Symbols are real things, words, or people that represent the idea or theme.
The ring from The Lord of the Rings - greed and power
Luck
Evil or the devil
Symbols come from our pre-conceived notions of things (schema).
Things that repeat or reappear in a text are often examples of symbolism.
Rhythm
The pattern, or beat, of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
A rhythm that is repeated throughout a poem is called
meter
.
Meter is used to highlight the musical quality of poetry
Highly artistic expression
Expression of emotion
Structured and unstructured
Use of specific and descriptive language
Often lyrical in nature
Opposite of prose (novel or report)
Full transcript