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Social Classes in the Time of Jesus
Transcript of Social Classes in the Time of Jesus
According to the Gospel of Luke -The political situation of first century Jewish Palestine was a domination system marked by peasant society, purity society, and patriarchal society. -Marcus Borg During the time of Jesus in Jewish Palestine society was marked by: peasant society, purity society, and patriarchal society. Peasant Society Made up of mainly two classes: the lower class (peasants) and the upper class (kings, wealthy families, and high government officals) Ruling elite class make up 10% of the population and hold 66% of the wealth
Purity Society Society was structured with purity as the core value. People of wealth were considered to be pure, while those that were poor were seen as unclean, or impure. Peasant class makes up 90% of the population and only 33% of the wealth Members of the priestly class were seen as especially pure. This special section of society was made up of: The Pharisees, The Sadducees, and The Essenes. The Pharisees The Pharisees were the priests who refused to compromise their faith. They had a strong reputation for being strict. When the Jewish faith was in jeopardize of fading away, the Pharisees were the ones who kept the religion strong. The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: 'God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector.
-Luke 18: 11 According to the Gospel of Luke The Sadducees The Sadducees were the aristocracy of the priestly class. Though not all Sadducees were priests, they made up the Jewish upper class-- meaning that they had a lot of political power. They were quite liberal in politics, but very conservative when it came to religion. The Essenes In order to observe strict religious traditions, the Essenes withdrew from Jewish society altogether. They reacted very strongly to the weakness of the Jewish leaders and held deep religious convictions. The Working Class Fisherman Patriarchal Society Head of the Family Male dominated
Women had a small place in society (within the household: cooking, cleaning, taking care of children, etc.) But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who belonged to their sect complained to his disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” -Luke 5:30 According to the Gospel of Luke A Middle Class? Made up of artisans, merchants, traders, craftsmen, scribes, and the Pharisees The "High" Upper Class Made up of the royal court and the priestly aristocracy (the Sadducees). The Low Class Made up of peasants and farmers
Sometimes were slaves or servants to the upper class The Outcasts Made up the lowest part of society
Leppers, sinners, and tax collectors were considered to be a part of this low class. He doesn't praise the servant for doing what was commanded, does he?
–Luke 17:9 According to the Gospel of Luke Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. When Jesus reached [the man], he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.” So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly. All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”
-Luke 19:1, 5-7 According to the Gospel of Luke Brought to you by:
Kirsten Andersen, Gabriela Chaparro, Alexia Gradford, Trynitee Lombard, Hailey Young