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JORIZAL

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Eivan Medina

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of JORIZAL

Chapter 15 1889 March 1889 Life in Paris Dr. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera – a physician by vocation and philologist byavocation Valentine Ventura Rizal’s letter to his family about his life in Paris: Rizal’s Second Sojourn in Paris and the Universal Exposition of 1889 - The Universal Exposition
- Rizal continued his fruitful artistic, literary, and patriotic labors. He published his annotated edition of Morga’s sucesos;
- founded 3 filipino societies
- wrote Por Telefono It was extremely difficult to find quarters due to the opening of the Universal Exposition scheduled on May 6, 1889, the exhibition attracts thousands of tourists In Paris, Rizal continued to be busy in his pursuits. He used most of his time in the reading room of the Bibliotheque Nationale Dr. Felix Pardo de Tavera – a physician by vocation and an artist and sculptor by avocation He wrote letters to his family in Calamba giving an interesting account of his life in Paris (pp.154-155 dated May 16, 1889 & September 21, 1889) Physical Exercise and visiting his friends (such as Pardo De Taveras, the Venturas, the Bousteads, the Lunas, etc.) June 24, 1889- a baby girl was born to Juan Luna and Paz Pardo de Tavera, and Rizal was her baptismal godfather. Rizal is a good friend of three Pardo de Taveras Paz Pardo de Tavera –
wife of Juan Luna These Pardo de Taveras were the children of Don Joaquin Pardo de Tavera – an exileof 1872 who escaped from Marianas and lived in France One to two hours gymnasium and fencing Three to four hours in the library The rest of the hours
writing and visiting friends Every night (8:00 to 11:00)  meet with friends in café and play chess Sunday – Mrs. Juliana’s house Friday – family of Bousteads, where sometimes he take tea Rizal’s another letter to his family The Filipinos gather 4 times a week and they sing Kundiman, eat sotanghon and adobo ) Rizal and paris Exposition of 1889 . Like any ordinary Filipino tourist in a foreign land, Rizal was fascinated by the Universal Expostion of Paris which opened on May 6, 1889. Rizal and his friends attended the opening ceremonies and saw the cutting of the ribbon by Pres. Sadi Carnot of the Third French Republic. One of the features was the international art competition, in which Felix R. Hidalgo, Juan Luna, Felix Pardo de Tavera and Rizal participated Kidlat club On March 19, 1889, Rizal organized his paisanos (compatriots) into a society called Kidlat Club. Among its members were, Antonio and Juan Luna,Gregorio Aguilera, Fernando Canon, Lauro Dimayuga, Julio Llorente, Guillermo Puatu and Baldomero Roxas. Kidlat club was purely a social society of a temporary nature, it was founded to bring young filipinos together in the french capital. Indios Bravos (Brave Indians) Rizal and the members of the Kidlat Club were amazed to see the Buffalo Bull show which featured the American Indians. The red-skinned Indians were proud riding their sturdy ponies, elegantly dressed in their native attire and wearing their war feathers and paints. Rizal was enchanted by the dignified and proud bearing of the American Indians. They are ashamed of their name. Let us be like them he said. Proud of the name Indio and make our Spanish enemies revise their conception of the term. Indios Bravos Replaced the ephemeral Kidlat Club Pledged to excel in intellectual and physical prowess in order to win the admiration of foreigners They practiced with enthusiasm with the use of sword and pistol, Rizal also taught Judo R.D.L.M. society Another society founded by Rizal in Paris during the Universal Exposition of 1889 was the mysterious Sociedad R.D.L.M. Society. The letters R.D.L.M. are believed to be the initials of the socity 's secret name Redencion de los Malayos (Redemption of the Malays). Annotated Edition of Morga Published Rizal's outstanding achievement in Paris was the publication in 1890 of his annotated edition of Morga's Sucesos. The prologue was written by Professor Blumentritt, who censured Rizal's errors namely: Comment on Morga’s Publication Date Paris, Libreria de Garnier Hermanos, 1890” – title page of Rizal’s annotated edition of Morga Documentary evidence to show that Rizal’s edition of Morga must have come off the press in 1889 – not 1890. Rizal as Historian Rizal research studies in:
-British Museum (London)
-Bibliotheque Nationale (Paris)
His knowledge of foreign languages enabled Rizal to read historical documents:
-Pigafetta’s famous First Voyage Around the World (Italian)
-Works of Marsden, Raffles, Lord Stanley, and Wallace (English)
-Writings of Blumentritt, Jagor, and Virchow (German) Rizal research studies in:
-British Museum (London)
-Bibliotheque Nationale (Paris)
His knowledge of foreign languages enabled Rizal to read
historical documents:
-Pigafetta’s famous First Voyage Around the World (Italian)
-Works of Marsden, Raffles, Lord Stanley, and Wallace (English)
-Writings of Blumentritt, Jagor, and Virchow (German) 10 Causes of decline in economic life: 6. Government neglect and indifference (agriculture, industry, and commerce)
7. Bad example shown by Spaniards = manual labor
8. Teaching of Spanish missionaries
9. Gambling
10. System of Spanish education Spark (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr The indolence
of the
filipinos 1.Native revolts and other internal disorders
2.Wars which the Filipinos fought for Spain (Dutch, Portuguese, English, etc.)
3.Raids on the coastal towns and village by the Muslim pirates of Mindanao and Sulu
.4Forced labor
5.Lack of stimulus to work harder (people could not enjoy the fruits of their labor) Project for Filipino College in Hong Kong Curriculum (Subjects):
Ethics
Religion
Natural Law
Civil Law
Deportment
Hygiene
Mathematics
Physics and Chemistry
Natural History
Geography Curriculum (Subjects):
Political Economy
Universal History
Philippine History
Logic, Rhetoric, and Poetics
Spanish
English
French
German
Chinese
Tagalog Curriculum (Subjects):
Gymnastics
Equitation
Fencing
Swimming
Music
Drawing
Dancing “Por Telefono” La Vision del Fray Rodiguez – Rizal wrote this in order to deffend Noli from Fray Jose Rodriguez Por Telefono (Barcelona, 1889)
Reply to Fr. Salvador Font Rizal received the printed copies from Mariano Ponce dated August 13, 1889 Under penname of “Dimas Alang” Christmas in Paris December 25, 1889, Rizal & Jose Albert planned to have a Christmas dinner.
They prepared :
fried chicken, rice, and vegetables
Rizal’s last Christmas dinner in Paris
After New Year –Rizal has a brief visit to London (unknown purpose) 2 theoretical reasons: 1.) To check up his annotated edition of Morga’s Sucesos with the original copy in the British Museum 2.) To see Gertrude Beckett for the last time Middle of January 1890 – back in Paris Thank You
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