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Different perspectives on globalization
Transcript of Different perspectives on globalization
Johanna Holma & Tipsa Saikko
The downsides of cultural globalization
The benefits of cultural globalization
Western cultures are emphasized
a global culture could be formed through the dominance of the United States
Local cultures could diminish
The internet, travel and social networking - the sense of a shared culture
Tourism aids local economies
Localism: the local originality
of different cultures
Cultural: "the intensification and expansion of cultural flows across the globe"
Economic: "the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets"
An international integration
The downsides of globalization from an economic perspective
The benefits of globalization from an economic perspective
The promotive factors of globalization
Economic independence decreasing
Power of international companies
Losing the work places
Tax competition and avoidance
(Featherstone 1995, 86-90, 102-104)
Global financial system
Mobility of labour
Featherstone, M. (1995). Undoing Culture. London: SAGE Publications.
(Featherstone 1995, 102-104)
Attempts to promote economic development and reduce poverty and inequality
research and development
Support systems for smaller companies
Deficiencies in the current structures of global governance
Mancini, J. A. (2012). Globalization: Partnerships, Modernization and Future Perspectives. Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers, Inc..
(Mancini 2012, 69-73; Carr & Chen 2002, 2-3)
(Mancini 2012, 75-88)
Herting, S. (2012). Globalization: A Threat to Cultural Diversity in Southern Ethiopia?. Hamburg: Diplomica Verlag.
(Herting 2012, 9; Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
Nederveen Pieterse, J. & Dasgupta, S. (2009). Politics of Globalization. Los Angeles: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Carr, M. & Chen, M. A. (2002). Globalization and the informal economy: How global trade and investment impact on the working poor. Geneva: International Labour Office.
(Kellner 2002, 285-289;
Ducruet & Lee 2006, 107-122)
Kellner, D. (2002). Theorizing globalization.
Sociological Theory, 20
(Herting 2012, 34-37)
The impact of scientific
knowledge on indigenous knowledge
The terraced landscape of Konso
Rod Waddington, Woman and Lip Plate, Mursi Tribe, Ethiopia, July 29, 2014
Ducruet, C. & Lee, SW. (2006). Frontline soldiers of globalisation: Port–city evolution and regional competition.
(2), 107-122. doi:10.1007/s10708-006-9037-9
Clapp, J. & Wilkinson, R. (Ed.) (2010). Global governance, poverty and inequality. London: Routledge.
A way to alleviate
the problems and reinforce the benefits?
Possible reforms to alleviate the problems
More support for the R&D directed to raise the productivity of small farms
A more cooperative approach to international migration
Improved allocation of aid for developing countries
Global governance pt. II
(Clapp & Wilkinson 2010, 1-11, 46-64)
The arrival of a world government?