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School Segregation

Learn about the cause and end of school segregation in america.

destiny hyatt

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of School Segregation

"Why was School Segregation such a big Deal?"
"Supreme Court banns school segregation"
“We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."-Supreme Court Decision on School Segregation.

Brown vs. Board of Education
Why School was so important
“Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children.”
“Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of Negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racially integrated school system”
The NAACP brought suit on behalf of her parents to admit her to her neighborhood school.
The NAACP is an organization lead by Walter White they help in Colored related cases that may be unconstitutional or unfair.

The Brown case was one of a total of five cases charging that segregation in education was a violation of the equal protection of the laws clause of the fourteenth amendment.
May 17, 1954 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
The key paragraph of the Proclamation read: "That on the 1st day of January, A.D. 1863, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free;

Thursday, December 11, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
What Happened
The Little Rock Nine
Ask Yourself
“What was “Brown vs. Board of Education” and how did the Supreme Court come to their decision?”
“What caused the National Guard to prevent “Little Rock 9” from integrating into Little Rock High school?”
"Why was it so hard to go to school for African Americans?"
“How did the U.S Supreme court help declare school segregation unconstitutional?”
School Segregation
Does not help them find work, get out of poverty, become less hated by the public.
People were not able to get enough money for school fees.
African Americans due to lack of schooling, were not able to compete with Whites for high paying jobs.
Blacks were locked in a poverty wheel, not able to make enough money for school and not being schooled enough to get a good paying job.
The Proclamation states that all slaves in the U.S.A shall be free.
Abraham Lincon
The kids of America (1950's)
The Authors
Aidan Patterson
Dixie Ewell
Citation Page
"Brown v. Board of Education." PBS. PBS, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_brown.html>.

"Little Rock School Desegregation (1957)." Little Rock School Desegregation (1957). N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014

"The Emancipation Proclamation" PBS. PBS, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 6 Dec. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_emancipate.html>

Picture Citation
African Americans were severely segregated and discriminated against for almost as long as they had been in the U.S.
But they finally were given some recognition and protected by solders. White solders none the less.
These events gave the African American people some recognition by those around the U.S.
Even the President recognized this and sent the Army to help some high school kids go to school.
In the book To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee. The events experienced are very much influenced by the events in occurrence during the writing of the book(1960's).
which lead to the over all ban of school segregation.
In the novel many examples of racial tension are shown, some of which have direct similarities to real events such as many justice cases and school segregation.
With out events like the Brown vs. Board of education and the Little Rock Nine. African Americans would still be treated unfairly and discriminated against.
How it Changed America
Aidan Patterson
Destiny Hyatt
Dixie Ewell
Thank You!

The students of Little Rock Nine
Ernest Green
Elizabeth Eckford,
Jefferson Thomas
Terrence Roberts
Carlotta LaNier
Minnijean Brown
Gloria Ray Kalmark
Thelma Mothershed
Melba Pattillo Beals
On September 4th 1957,It was the first day of school at Little Rock High school , a white mob gathered in front of the school.

Governor Orval Faubus even stationed the National Guard to prevent the nine African Americans from integrating into Little Rock under their new rights granted by the Brown vs. Board of education three years earlier.

The students were given protection by the 101st Airborne Division by president Eisenhower at the request of Dr. King.

For the remainder of the year the kids were guarded.

In a final act of selfish rasisim Governor Orval Faubus closed all the schools that were to be de-segregated but it was short lived. As the Supreme Court ordered the schools to be re-opened.
Some of the Little Rock Nine members
"[The day the 101st Battalion arrived,] the streets were blocked off. The soldiers closed ranks. Neighbors
came out and looked. The street was full up and down. Oh, it was beautiful. And the attitude of the
children at that moment, the respect they had. I could hear them saying, 'For the first time in my life I
truly feel like an American.' I could see it in their faces; somebody cares for me, America cares."
--Daisy Bates, President, Arkansas NAACP
Full transcript