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Salem Witch Trials

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Sydney C

on 19 October 2015

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Transcript of Salem Witch Trials

The Salem Witch Trials
The Salem Witch Trials

When + Where
-In January of 1692 a group of young girls were claiming to have been possessed by the devil
-They accused three local women of witch craft
-On March 1st 1692 they were brought before magistrates and interrogated for several days then put into jail
-On May 23, a women was accused of witch craft
-Found guilty being the first person to be hung to death on Gallows Hill
How
Why
By: Sydney, Warren, Abha, Jacob, Shawna, Tobi, and Quinn
-Began in Salem Village (Danvers), Massachusetts 1692
Sources
Blumberg, J October 23, 2007 A Brief History of The Salem Witch Trials
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a- brief-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/?no-ist
Zeglin, S. The Salem Witch Trials.
http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/history/salem-witch-trials/
The trials began when a group of young girls started acting strange, by throwing fits or having seizures. They claimed that they were being possessed by the devil and accused several local villagers of witchcraft. Hysteria ran through the village and a special court was arranged to handle the cases of the accused. Over 200 villagers were falsely accused of witchcraft and thrown into jail and 20 innocent people were executed due to the towns fear of their "magic".
Why The Trials Started
-A group of girls would regularly meet together and listen to stories told by a slave named Tituba.
-They'd play fortune-telling games that were banned by the Puritans.
-Soon after all of their gatherings, the girls began to act strangely according to the Puritans and they were eventually thought to be victims of witchcraft.
History.com Staff(2011). Salem Witch Trials. http://www.history.com/topics/salem-witch-trials
-The girls then accused Tituba and two other women of torturing them.
-From there the 3 women were put on trial for practicing witchcraft.
Why The Trials Ended
-In early 1963, when Governor Phipps had his wife accused of witchcraft, he ordered the trials to stop.

-Respected ministers started to think that they might have been accusing innocent people and eventually stopped listening to accusations.
http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/people?group.num=all&mbio.num=mb29
Sutter, T 2000 What Ended the Trials?
http://www.salemwitchtrials.com/faqs.html#end
Sutter, T 2000 When Did the Trials End?
http://www.salemwitchtrials.com/faqs.html#end
Who
Bellows, Alan(June 27, 2006). Ba Rye and the Salem Witches
damninteresting.com
-The Puritans were terrified of witchcraft and evil spirits.
Yolen, Jane and Stemple, Heidi(2004). The Salem Witch Trials an Unsolved Mystery from History. New York, NY. Simon and Shuster Books for Young Readers.
Bellows, Alan(June 27, 2006). Ba Rye and the Salem Witches
damninteresting.com
Sources
-From July to The end of September, 18 people were accused of witchcraft and hung to death
-On October 29 The Court of Oyer was dissolved and was replaced with the Superior Court of Judicature which dissalowed the use of spectral evidence (dreams, visions, magic)
-In May of 1693, all people accused of witchcraft, or anyone in jail because of witchcraft charges was pardoned
There were several "bewitched" girls but the two that were the first to accuse others of witchcraft were 9 year old Elizabeth Parris and 11 year old Abigail Williams.
Bridget Bishop, Rebecca Nurse, and 18 other innocent villagers were convicted and executed. The other convicted were either pardoned, released, or escaped.
William Phips, the governor of Salem was the individual who set up the special court used to try all of the accused.
William Stoughton was both the chief magistrate and chief of justice.
Hysteria and epilepsy were commonly confused with witchcraft and demonic possession. It was believe that women were "inferior to men," thus making women more prone to "diabolical possession." At the end of the Salem Witch Trials, there was a steady decline of Puritanism in the colonies. Puritan groups started to separate into different protestant sections. Massachusetts is still known for religion based on witchcraft. "Wicca" is a modern witchcraft religion.
Food was scares after the trials. Taxes became higher and there was droughts, crop failure, and smallpox outbreaks. Witch hunts also became a threat over other parts of America during the cold war.
On October 31, 2001, the state amended the 1957 apology and cleared the remaining unnamed victims.
The book, "The Witchcraft of Salem Village" was written to talk about the trials and what had happened. The play, "The Crucible" was written as a reflection of the communist witch hunts that had occurred.
Beatriz Quintanilla, MD, PhD (2010, June 21) Witchcraft or Mental illness. Retrieved from www.psychiatrictimes.com/schizoaffective/witchcraft-or-mental-illness
Katherine Lambert (2012, November 8) Effects of the Salem Witch Trials on Religion in America. Retrieved from https://prezi.com/0qxjaapyv2nh/effects-of-the-salem-witch-trials-on-religion-in-america/
Mr. Netrosius (2012) Life after Death. Retrieved from people.ucls.u.chicago.edu/~snekros/salem%20Journal/Aftermath/SamMSamF.html#main
Arthur Miller (1996, October 21) Why I wrote The Crucible. Retrieved from www.newyorker.com/magazine/1996/10/21/why-i-wrote-the-crucible
Rebecca Beatrice Brooks (2011, August 18) The Salem Witch Trials: Facts and History. Retrieved from historyofmassachusetts.org/the-salem-witch-trials/
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