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The United States in World War II
Transcript of The United States in World War II
Executive Order 9066
The European Theater
The Pacific Theater
Fighting on multiple fronts
The United States in World War II
How did it all start?
Battle of Midway
Bataan Death March
Invasion of Normandy
The Holocaust and Liberation of Concentration Camps
Leaders on the Pacific Front
Chester A. Nimitz
Leaders on the European Front
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Emperpor Hirohito of Japan
The surprise attack sank or damaged 18 ships. Almost 6,000 Americans were either killed or injured in the attack.
"Yesterday, December 7, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time the Japanese Government had deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. Very many American lives have been lost. In addition American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
...I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December seventh, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire." -Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941
Audio of the speech
turning point in the Pacific
Over half of 5,000 POW's died on the 60 mile march through the Philippine jungle
Navajo Code Talkers
The "D day" invasion will stop German advancement and start pushing forces back into Germany.
US soldiers discovered concentration camps designed to kill and imprison Jews and other "undesirable" populations. Six million Jews (2/3 of those living in Europe) and 6 million others were killed during the Holocaust.
Office of War Information
Actions taken by Americans
Set up in 1942 to control the content and imagery of war messages. Appealed to American patriotism during the war to volunteer, conserve resources, and support the war effort.
High levels of military enlistment
Buying war bonds
Opportunities and Obstacles for Women and Minorities
Women could not enlist in the regular armed forces
Women, African-Americans and Hispanic Americans filled jobs left vacant by men in the military
Military units were racially segregated
After Pearl Harbor, many feared Japanese-Americans might threaten American security. Issued in 1942, the order permitted military to relocate Japanese Americans to internment camps away from the west coast.
Challenging the Constitution
Korematsu v. U.S.
Supreme Court ruled that personal liberties may be limited during wartime.
Attempts at staying out of the war
Working with Allies
Rapid mobilization of war effort
Truman was vice president for 82 days when President Roosevelt passed away.
The greatest decision Truman had to make was if the United States should use the atomic bomb.
Development of Conventional and Atomic Weapons
First atomic bomb exploded July 1945
Why Truman decided to use the atomic bomb
Bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing 230,000 people. Japan surrendered shortly after and ended the war.
How might this era be assessed?