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El Dia De Los Muertos

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DestShan Spanish1

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of El Dia De Los Muertos

El Día De Los Muertos
All Saints Day (Nov 1st)
In Mexico they celebrate los angelitos

At midnight on the 31st it is believed that the gates of heaven for the spirits of all deceased children (angelitos) are allowed to reunite with their families for 24 hours.

During this time family members make beautiful altars (ofrendas) in their homes.
They then decorate them with candles, buckets of wild marigold flowers, mounds of fruit, peanuts, plates of turkey mole, stacks of tortillas, hot coco, sodas and big Day-of-the-Dead breads called pan de muerto. Toys and candies are also left for the angelitos
Then later on in the day offerings are moved from the homes to the grave sites
"The Day of the Dead"
Ceremonially and festively honors those who have died and the unity of life and death.
Broken down into two days, Nov. 1st and 2nd , although final preparations start on Oct. 31st.
The baker, confectioner, cook, florist and artist are essential to the preparations for the celebrations.
El Día De Los Muertos
By Ernestina y Destino
A day of alms giving , prayer , and Mass for the dead and for the souls of people who are in Purgatory-suffering for their venial sins and waiting for eternal happiness.
Long before sunrise people start lead the way to the cemeteries with a candlelight procession.
The sites are decorated with the hand crafted works, crosses, and foods that had been prepared; it is believed this is where the spirits visit first.
Candles are blessed and marked with the names of the deceased and placed on sites.
It is customary for families to spend the day here eating the food and celebrating life and death.

Day 2: All Souls' Day (Nov. 2nd)
By mid-October tianguis (temporary markets) are set up to sell the necessary items for the ofrenda (offering).
Homes, businesses, and cemeteries are cleaned.
By the last week of October shops and homes are decorated.
Decorations that are made include hand-made wreathes and crosses using real and paper flowers, hand crafted toys and figurines featuring calacas and calavaras, and altars are set up in homes, businesses, and public places.
On October 31st, families start to prepare the foods for the festivities and offerings.
A common food prepared is called Pan de Muerto (Day of the Dead bread). It is decorated with bone-like shapes to represent the deceased.
Another common food that is prepared are sugar skulls. The small ones represent the children and the bigger represent the adults both usually have the name of the deceased on the forehead.
Other foods that are prepared are dishes that loved ones who passed enjoyed. Relatives will eat these foods and also offer them as offerings because it is believed that the spirits consume the essence and aromas of the food.
Candles are placed for each deceased relative-the light is thought to guide them on their way back.
Pathways are made using the cempasuchitl flower petals (Marigold) to help guide the spirits home and to the altares from the cemetery.
Belongings and other favored things of the deceased are out, salt and water are set about to quench the thirst of the souls, and Copal (incense) is burned-it is thought to elevate prayers to God.
Day of the Dead is celebrated throughout Mexico and the Catholic world...

For both during the day cemeteries are usually crowded with people cleaning and decorating their families graves.
Usually special Masses are held for this
The night time hours of All Saints is devoted to prayer and fasting.
Family members sit vigil in the cemetery throughout the night of October 31, so as to welcome the "angelitos"
All Saints Day
In town squares festivals are held where vendors can gather in the town squares and display items allusive to death.
In central and Southern Mexico it is believed that the gates of heaven are opened at midnight.
In urban cities of Mexico children run around the streets with plastic pumpkin or squash buckets asking "no me da mi holloween?" (Won't you give me something for Halloween) and expecting to get money instead of candy.
Preparations for All Saints Day and All Souls day are started or finished ( a lot of time goes into the preparation for both days and sometimes are started months ahead of the events)
October 31st
Preparations for El Día De Los Muertos
Full transcript