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Doctrine of the Trinity
Transcript of Doctrine of the Trinity
God is one essence and three persons.
The Father, Son and Holy Spirit are distinct from one another and yet, are each fully God.
There is only one God.
Each person of the trinity is God - fully and wholly.
The Father is completely God; The Son is completely God; The Spirit is completely God
Each person is not a separate part of God or else that part would be less than the whole
Each person is equal in glory power and existence. This does not exclude the possibility of voluntary subordination, though.
the distinctions are eternal
all persons have existed eternally past and present
is referred to
Phil. 1:2; Titus 2:13; Acts 5:3-4
each person of the trinity regards himself as 'I' and the other persons as 'you'
the Son is sent by the Father and the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son
the clearest passages relating to the Trinity and the relationship between the three persons is the Baptism of Christ and the Great Commission
Historical Usage of the Doctrine
Theophilus of Antioch
Tertullian d. 220
the Athanasian Creed expresses trinitarian belief like this: "We worship one God in the Trinity, and the Trinity in unity; we distinguish among the persons, but we do not divide the substance." "The entire three persons are coeternal and coequal with one another, so that...we worship complete unity in Trinity and Trinity in unity."
What it is not...
denies the unity
of essence - 3
Modalism: the three persons are
each separate modes of God -
I am a son, father and brother
denial of the Holy Spirit as God
assertion that Jesus was
created and the the Son
is less than the Father
of the Trinity helps to
point us to the relational
nature of God and, therefore,
the relational nature we are to
have with one another
as the model for us and for our society, God in three persons shows how perfect harmony in relationships leads to perfect society
the doctrine also allows for eternal love (since love existed before creation but requires an object, Trinity allows for this)
also, since the Father sent the Son, God could now be known to us in a real way through Jesus the Son
finally, only the Doctrine of the
Trinity allows for the possibility
of the atonement since that
requires the incarnate
Son of God