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The Solar System
Transcript of The Solar System
Mercury is named for the Messenger of the Roman gods.
It is the smallest planet in our solar system.
Mercury is a terrestrial planet.
57.9 million (or 36 million miles) km from the sun
Makes a complete orbit around the sun in just 88 Earth days
The atmosphere is composed of oxygen, sodium, hydrogen, helium, and potassium.
Surface temperatures can reach 427 degrees Celsius (801 degrees Fahrenheit) and drop to -173 degrees Celsius (-279 degrees Fahrenheit). Because of the temperatures it is unlikely that life could live on the planet.
The density is 5.427 g/cm³
The rotation period is 1407.5 hours or 58.646 Earth days
Surface gravity: if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury.
The diameter is 4,880 km.
•In Roman mythology Venus is the goddess of love and beauty.
•108 million km (67 million miles) from the sun
•One day on Venus lasts as long as 243 Earth days (the time it takes for Venus to rotate or spin once)
•It makes a complete orbit around the sun in 225 Earth days.
•Atmosphere made up of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, with clouds of sulfuric acid
•Has a retrograde rotation—means that the sun rises in the west and sets in the east
•Density is 5.243 g/cm³
•If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Venus
•Surface temperature is 462 degrees Celsius or 864 degrees Fahrenheit
•Diameter: 12,103.6 km
•Earth is 92,960,000 miles from the Sun.
•Earth is a terrestrial planet.
•Earth’s diameter is 7,918 miles.
•Earth’s density is 5.52 g/cm³.
•Earth’s temperature can get as high as 57.7 degrees Celsius.
•It takes Earth 24 hrs to rotates around its axis and 365 days to go around the sun.
•The Earth has 1 moon.
•At its farthest point, it is 154.8 million miles away from the sun. At its closest, it is 128.4 million miles away from the sun.
•Mars is a terrestrial planet.
•Mars’ diameter is 6787 km.
•Mars’ rotation period is 24 hrs 39 min 35 sec .
•Mars ’revolution period (in earth days) is 686.98.
•Mars’ mean density is 3940(kg/m³)
•Mars’ surface temperature is 87 to 5 degrees Celsius.
•If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth you would weigh 38 pounds on Mars.
•Mars has 2 moons.
Named after the King of the Roman gods.
Jupiter is a gaseous planet.
Jupiter is (at is closest) 741 million km away from the sun. At its farthest it is 817 million km away from the sun.
Jupiter’s density is 1.326 g/cm³.
Temperature is -148 degrees Celsius or -234 degrees Fahrenheit.
Made up of hydrogen and helium.
It takes .41354 Earth days to rotate around the sun (9.92496 hours).
Jupiter’s revolution period is 11.86 years.
If you weigh 100 pounds on earth you would weigh 253 pounds on Jupiter
Jupiter’s diameter is 86,881 miles.
Jupiter has 50 moons.
•Saturn is a gaseous planet.
•The sun is 886,489,415 miles away from Saturn.
•Saturn’s rotation period is (in earth days) 0.444.
•Saturn’s revolution period is 29.46 years.
•Saturn diameter is 72,367 miles.
•Saturn’s density is 0.687 g/cm³.
•If you weigh 100 pounds on earth you would weigh 107 pounds on Saturn.
•Saturn’s temperature is 288 degrees Fahrenheit.
•Saturn has 53 moons.
•Uranus is 1,783,744 miles away from the sun.
•Uranus’ density is 1.270 g/cm³.
•If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Uranus.
•Uranus has 27 moons.
•Uranus’ diameter is 31,800 miles.
•Uranus is a gaseous planet.
•Uranus’ surface temperature is -319 Fahrenheit.
•Uranus’ period of revolution is 84.3 Earth years.
•Uranus’ period for rotation is 17 hours and 14 minutes.
The sun is a star.
It has no rings.
The sun can reach more than 27 million degrees Fahrenheit.
The sun is the only star in our solar system.
•Neptune is 2,795,173.960 miles away from the sun.
•Neptune density 1.638 g/cm³.
•Neptune is gaseous planet .
•If you weigh 100 pounds Earth you would weigh 114 on Neptune.
•Neptune has 6 moons.
•Neptune’s diameter is 30,599 miles .
•Neptune’s revolution period is 165 Earth years.
•Neptune’s rotation period is about 16.11 Earth years.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Solar System Explorations. <http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/index.cfm>.