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Transcript of European Democracies
The Netherlands has been a constitutional monarch since 1815 and a parliamentary democracy since 1848. Previously, it was a republic from 1581 to 1806, and a kingdom between 1806 and 1810 (part of France between 1810 and 1813).
Before 1917, the Netherlands had a first past the post single seat system with census suffrage(per the constitution of 1814), in which only property owning adult males had the right to vote. Under influence of rising socialist movement the requirements were gradually reduces until 1917 the voting system of a representative democracy with male universal suffrage was instituted, expanded in 1919 to include women.
From 1971 full suffrage for men aged 23 and above, The group working for women’s suffrage in the Netherlands was the Dutch Women’s Suffrage Association), founded in 1894. In 1971 Dutch women became electable in national elections, which led to the election of Suze Groeneweg of the SDAP in the general elections of 1918. On May 1919 a new law was drafted to women’s suffrage without any limitations. The law was passed and the right to vote could be done for the first time in the general elections of 1922. From 1971 suffrage for men and women aged 18 and older.
In this project I am going to talk about 3 countries. I'll tell what their ways to a democracy were. And talk about their suffrage.
The kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025. In 1795 the Polish territory was partitioned among Prussia, the Russian Empire and Austria. Poland regained its independence (as the Second Polish Republic.) At the end of World War I in 1918. In September 1939, WWII started. In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government was formed which falsified a referendum and an election, giving rise to a satellite state of the Soviet Union. The Polish Republic renamed to the People’s Republic of Poland in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989. Poland’s Marxist-Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name the Third Polish Republic.
Previous to the Partition of Poland in 1795, tax-paying females were allowed to take part in political life. Regaining independence in 1918.In its first days of independence in 1918 after 123 years of partition rights to vote were granted to both men and women. Eight women were elected to the Sejm in 1919. The Sejm of the Republic of Poland is the lower house of the Polish parliament.
Chapter 1: Democratic development of the Netherlands.
Chapter 2: Suffrage in the Netherlands.
Chapter 3: Democratic development England
Chapter 4: Suffrage England.
Chapter 5: Democratic development Poland.
Chapter 6: Suffrage Poland.
Chapter 7: Conclusion
King Henry VI of England established in 1432 that only male owners of property worth at least, a significant sum, were able to vote. Changes were made to the details of the system, but there was no reform until the Reform Act 1832: extended voting rights to adult males who rented propertied land of a certain value, so allowing 1 in 7 males in the UK voting rights. After that there were no changes till in 1918 all man above 21, and wealthy woman won the right to vote. Suffrage in the UK changed over the 19th and 20th century through the use of reform acts and Representation of the People Acts, culminating in universal suffrage, excluding children and convicted prisoners
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England. In 1066, William of Normandy introduced a feudal system, by which he sought the advice of a council of tenants-in-chief(a person who held land). And ecclesiastics before making laws. In 1215, the tenants-in-chief secured Magna Carta from King John, which established that the king may not levy or collect any taxes, save with the consent of his royal council, which gradually developed into a parliament.
Over the centuries the English Parliament progressively limited the power of the English monarchy which arguably culminated in the English Civil War and the trail and execution of Charles I in 1649. After the restoration of monarchy under Charles I land the subsequent Glorious Revolution of 1688, the supremacy of Parliament was a settled principle and all future English and later British sovereigns were restricted to the role of constitutional monarchs with limited executive authority. The act of Union 1707 merged the English Parliament with the Parliament of Scotland to form the Parliament of Great Britain. When the Parliament of Ireland was abolished in 1801, its former members were merged into what is now called the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
With the suffrage are the countries quite the same. The suffrage ended between the 17th and 20th century.
They all were involved in the First and Second World War.
England and the Netherlands were kingdoms in the past and still are.
That are some similarities and differences.
Made by Amber de Jong B2C