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Deaf and Hard of Hearing

Special Education

Kayla Turner

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Deaf and Hard of Hearing

Deaf and
Hard of Hearing Kayla Turner
Marah Vogt Definition Prevalence Intervention Assessment Reference People who are deaf:
Have profound hearing loss.
Have little use of hearing, even with a hearing aid.
Can be divided into three groups:
Hearing loss in children is the number-one birth defect in the U.S. It affects 14% of all students.
Statistics are usually unreliable due to different criteria Early Identification: Universal Newborn Hearing Screening
95% percent of children are identified at birth due to universal screening, checking frequency and intensity Early identification is crucial.
Newborn hearing is screened in 41 states.
Early intervention allows children to be fitted with hearing aids early in life.
Intervention before six months results in better reading achievement and speech abilities.
Preschool programs facilitate timely language development.
Early intervention helps families meet special needs. Smith, Deborah D. Tyler, Naomi C. (2010). -Congenitally deaf.
-Prelingually deaf.
-Postlingually deaf.
People who are hard of hearing:
Have hearing losses that impair their understanding of sounds and communication. Process Hearing Loss There are two types of hearing loss:
Conductive Hearing Loss
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
The Age of Onset:
Prelingually deaf
Postlingually deaf
Characteristics People who are deaf or hearing impaired are only linked by the fact that hearing is limited.
IDEA ‘04 stresses severity of hearing loss, communication needs, and any co-existing disabilities.
There is a distinction between Deaf and deaf. Deaf deaf more profound hearing loss
early age of onset
Part of the Deaf Community don't feel apart of the Deaf community
lose hearing later in life Causes and Prevention Known causes: Prevention Heredity and genetics
Otitis media
Noise abatement
Pre-Referral: Hearing Screenings
Students with mild to moderate hearing loss are often overlooked.
Most children’s hearing is assessed by the air conduction audiometry method.
Bone conduction audiometry method
State- and District-wide Assessments Teacher’s communications
Additional teacher assistance
Assistance from classmates Teaching Hard-of-hearing students usually find that proper amplification allows them to benefit from typical classroom instruction with some accommodations. Accommodations Teacher’s communications
Additional teacher assistance
Assistance from classmates
Education approaches for Deaf students Oral only
Manual communication only
Total communication
Cued speech
Bilingual-bicultural approach
Technology Assistive Listening Devices

Hearing aids
Cochlear implants
FM (frequency-modulated) transmission devices

Telecommunication Devices
Open captions
Closed captions
Rear window captioning
Text telephone Speech-to-Text TranslationsReal-time captioning
Alerting Devices
Used for security or safety
Aiding Devices Amplify sounds
Two different types of hearing aids
Digital Hearing Aids Cochlear Implants Surgically implanted with four parts Introduction to Special Education: Making a difference. New Jersey: Pearson.
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