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Chapter 2 Section 2-European Competition in North America

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Thomas Polkki

on 22 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 2 Section 2-European Competition in North America

Chapter 2 Section 2-European Competition in North America
"The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing."-Edmund Burke
In 1609, Henry Hudson traveled up to and helped discover modern day New York in his attempt to find Asia
During another voyage in 1610, a hard winter caused his men to mutiny, put him and his son on a barge, and he was never seen again
Now that Europe knew that North America existed, they tried to find the Northwest Passage, a water route from North America to Asia
Another sailor was Italian John Cabot, who tried to find the passage while sailing for England in 1497
He landed in Newfoundland, Canada, which he felt was Asia, he also was never seen again after starting a voyage
In 1524, Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano tried to find the Northwest Passage for France, but failed so lets forget about him
France tried to find the passage in 1534 and 1536 with Jacques Cartier, who traveled up the St. Lawrence River to modern-day Montreal
French and England traveling and claiming land in North America angered the Spanish who felt the Treaty of Tordesillas already gave them all this land, this was a deal they made with Portugal to get this land, but France and England didn't care
France, England, and Spain already didn't like each other for religious reasons
Florida was a battleground, as in 1564, a group of French Protestants, called Huguenots, founded a colony called Fort Caroline
The Spanish under the direction of Pedro Menendez de Aviles built a fort called St. Augustine and attacked and massacred the French
In 1588, Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant takes power in England, angering Catholic Spain who wanted to get her out of power
The two countries fight at sea, with Spain being more powerful, but the English being faster and more skillful
English sailors known as Sea Dogs attacked Spanish ships, called Galleons, that brought Gold and Silver from the Americas
Sir Francis Drake was the most famous Sea Dog, as in 1577 he began a three year voyage around the world, where he raided Spanish ports and ships, making him a English hero
The Spanish King, Phillip II, wanted revenge
He sent the Spanish Armada to conquer England and make it Catholic again, as he sent 130 ships to England in 1588
The English and Spanish met at the English Channel, where the faster and smaller English ships destroyed the larger but slower Spanish Armada
Spain remained powerful, but never regained the power and influence it once had before this defeat
The English victory mattered for two reasons

1. England remained independent and Protestant

2. Spain's image suffered
England continued to claim land in North America, but the government refused to fund colonies, they had to be funded by private citizens, which explains why English colonies in the America's didn't occur until the 1600s
France and the Netherlands had now given up on the Northwest Passage for awhile so they began to claim land in North America as well
The Frenchmen Samuel de Champlain explored the St. Lawrence River and founded a fur-trading post at Quebec in 1608
The post became the 1st French Settlement in North America
French trade with Native Americans increased and the colony of New France began to thrive
The Dutch were building a colony called New Netherland in modern day New York, including Fort Nassau in modern day Albany in 1614
In 1626, the Dutch bought Manhattan Island from Native Americans and founded the city of New Amsterdam, which was later acquired by the English, and renamed New York
Homework Assignment

Chapter 2 Section 2 Assessment P. 70 #4 (one paragraph)
Skip to 14
Skip to 24
Break

Vocab Log-Northwest Passage
Break

Vocab Log-Armada
END
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