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The Catcher in the Rye
Transcript of The Catcher in the Rye
and Emelia Conte The Catcher in the Rye Jerome David Salinger
Biography Symbols Early Life A Long List of Short Stories Red Hunting Hat
isolation from the crowd
same color as Allie's hair
takes hat on and off
be different “The Young Folks” 1940
“Go See Eddie” 1940
“Slight Rebellion Off Madison” 1941
“The Hang of It” 1941
“Heart of a Broken Story” 1941
“Last and Best of the Peter Pans” 1942
“Paula” 1942 Born January 1, 1919
New York, the setting of the novel
One older sister
Jewish Family "The Long Debut of Lois Tagget" 1942
“Personal Notes of an Infantryman” 1942
“Both Parties Concerned” 1943
“Soft-Boiled Sergeant” 1943
“Last Day of the Last Furlough” 1943
“The Varoni Brothers” 1943 “Once a Week Won’t Kill You” 1944
“The Magic Foxhole” 1944
“A Boy in France” 1944
“untitled piece” 1944
“The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls” 1945
“This Sandwich has no Mayonnaise” 1945
“I’m Crazy” 1945 “The Stranger” 1945
“The Male Goodbye” 1946
“A Girl in 1941 with No Waist At All” 1946
“The Inverted Forest” 1946
“A Perfect Day for Bananafish” 1947
“A Girl I Knew” 1947
“Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut” 1948 “Just Before the War with the Eskimos” 1948
“Blue Melody” 1948
“Down at Dinghy” 1948
“For Esmé-with Love and Squalor” 1950
“Pretty Mouth and Green My Eyes” 1951
“De Daumier-Smith’s Blue Period” 1952
"Teddy” 1953 Sol Salinger
Son of a rabbi
Ran successful ham and cheese importing business Father “Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters” 1955
“A Young Man in a Stuffed Shirt” 1959
“The Daughter of the Late, Great Man” 1959
“Seymour: An Introduction” 1959
“Hapworth 16, 1924" 1965 "F*** You" Mother Miriam Salinger
JD did not find out until age 14, at his bar mitzvah
Could be cause of "phony" aspect in novel Flunked out of McBurney School
Shipped to Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, Pennsylvania
One year in New York University
Traveled for 5 months in Vienna to study language and the importing business
Ursinus College in Pennsylvania
Took night classes at Columbia University in NY
Professor Whit Burnett
Encouraged him to write
Published JD in "Story", "Collier's,"
and "Saturday Evening Post" Education Drafted in WWII after Pearl Harbor
Started Catcher in the Rye
Hospitalized after a nervous breakdown
Met Sylvia while undergoing care
Sylvia was a German and possibly a former Nazi
Married for 8 months Military Service Returned to New York in 1946
Published work in "The New Yorker"
1951 "The Catcher in the Rye" was published
1953 retreated to secluded 90-acre plot of land in Cornish, New Hampshire
Cut off contact with public Returning Home 1955-1966 married
Daughter of a high profile British art critic
Had 2 children; Margaret and Matthew
1966 sued for divorce reporting if the relationship continued it "would seriously injure her health and endanger her reason" Claire Douglas "An 18-Year-Old Looks Back On Life" in "The New Yorker" caught Salinger's attention
1972 College freshman
Salinger kicked her out after 10 months
1998 Maynard wrote about Salinger in a salacious memoir that made him seem controlling and obsessive
1 year later auctioned Salinger's love letters for $156,500 Joyce Maynard Analysis Holden's Physical Appearance Overall, grown-up appearance
Some gray hair
Gets away with buying drinks though he's 17
Whores at the apartment
Talk with Carl Luce
Flunking out Contradictions Pinnocle of innocence
Nothing innocent can survive in the world
Green writing symbolize hope for innocence left in the world
Piece of home
Made Allie stick out
High ideals in a corrupt world
Nine Stories 1953
Collection of early short stories
Franny and Zooey published September 1961
Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction 1963
“The Complete Uncollected Short Stories of J.D. Salinger Vols. I & II” 1974
Unauthorized collection of short stories Novels Plans to begin in September 1940
First 6 chapters written by 1944
“Last Day of the Last Furlough” 1944 concerns “the Kid” in his novel
Finishes and submits original version of TCITR as 90-page novella 1946
Dissatisfied, withdraws and reworks the novel
Complete in 1950; sold to little, brown and Company
Published July 16, 1951
Sues to stop publication of unauthorized TCITR sequel 2009 The Catcher in the Rye No major awards
“Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut” turned into a film 1950
Salinger horrified by Hollywood portrayal
“For Esmé-with Love and Squalor"
Included in Prize Stories of 1950: The O. Henry Awards
The Catcher in the Rye 1951
Number 4 on New York Times Bestsellers list
Additional publication by the “Book of the Month Club”
Named “distinguished alumni” by Valley Forge Military Academy 1952
Franny and Zooey
Number 1 on New York Times Bestsellers List 1961
Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction
3rd bestselling book of 1963 Awards/Recognitions "Slight Rebellion Off Madison" Early draft of scene where Holden makes a date with Sally
Reoccurring theme of ducks in Central Park established On vacation from Pencey Preparatory School for Boys ("An Instructor for EveryTen Students"), Holden Morrisey Caulfield usually wore his chesterfield and a hat with a cutting edge at the "V" in the crown. While riding in Fifth Avenue buses, girls who knew Holden often thought they saw him walking past Saks' or Altman's or Lord & Taylor's, but it was usually somebody else. "I'm Crazy" Early draft leaving Pentey (Pencey) looking back on top of Hill
Conversation with Old Spencer
Shortened train scene with Pentey mother
Goes home to see Pheobe
Busted as soon as he goes to see Pheobe
Little sister Viola It was about eight o'clock at night, and dark, and raining, and freezing, and thewind was noisy the way it is in spooky movies on the night the old slob with the will gets murdered. I stood by the cannon on the top of Thomsen Hill, freezing to death, watching the big south windows of the gym—shining big and bright and dumb, like the windows of a gymnasium, and nothing else (but maybe you never went to a boarding school)....Boy, I was cold. Only a crazy guy would have stood there. That's me. Crazy. No kidding, I have a screw loose. But I had to stand there 'to feel the goodby to the youngness of the place, as though I were an old man...."Goodby, Caulfield. Goodby, you slob." Holden Caufield Persona revealed in narrator
Like scene with Sally in the bar
“Stop Shouting” "Both Parties Concerned" Before announcing that he knows a girl like a book, a man had better
make sure he has read to the bottom of the last page. There really isn’t much to tell - I mean it wasn’t serious or anything, but it was kind of funny, at that. I mean because it looked there for a while as though everybody at the plant and Ruthie’s mother and all was going to have the laugh on us. They had kept saying I and Ruthie were too young to get married. Ruthie, she was seventeen, and I was nearly twenty, nearly. That’s pretty young, all right, but not if you know what you’re doing. I mean not if everything’s Jake between she and you. I mean both parties concerned. "The Last Day of the Last Furlough" Allusion to Jay Gatsby
Vincent Caufield writer
Refers to himself as “yellow”
Holden little brother in Army
Flunked out of a lot of schools
Mattie and Babe’s relationship
Theme of loss of innocence portrayed through Babe’s monologue “Mattie...you’re a little girl. But nobody stays a little girl or a little boy long—take me, for instance. All of a sudden little girls wear lipstick, all of a sudden little boys shave and smoke. So it’s a quick business, being a kid. Today you’re ten years old, running to meet me in the snow, ready, so ready, to coast down Spring Street with me; tomorrow you’ll be twenty, with guys sitting in the living room waiting to take you out...And that’s all as it should be. But my point, Mattie—if I have a point, Mattie—is this: kind of try to live up to the best that’s in you...Be a swell girl, Mat.” 2000 Margaret Salinger wrote negative account of father
Dated actress Ellen Joyce
Married young nurse Colleen O'Neill
Together until death
Died January 27,2010 The Last Years Theme of loneliness evident
Displays harsh realities of war "A Boy in France" Politics at Time "When I take my hand out of this blanket," he thought, "my nail will be grown back, my hands will be clean. My body will be clean. I'll have on clean shorts, clean undershirt, a white shirt. A blue polka-dot tie. A gray suit with a stripe, and I'll be home, and I'll bolt the door. I'll put some coffee on the stove, some records on the phonograph, and I'll bolt the door. I'll read my books and I'll drink coffee and I'll listen to music, and I'll bolt the door. I'll open the window, I'll let in a nice, quiet girl--not Frances, not anyone I've ever known--and I'll bolt the door. I'll ask her to read some Emily Dickinson to me--that one about being chartless--and I'll ask her to read some William Blake to me--that one about the little lamb that made thee--and I'll bolt the door. She'll have an American voice, and she won't ask me if I have any chewing gum or bonbons, and I'll bolt the door." Harry S. Truman elected in 1948
Dwight Eisenhower elected 1952 and 1956
February 1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy elected
Accused government of having Communist workers
1949 nuclear explosion from Soviet Union
Increased gap between adult values and childhood innocence
Affected Salinger and audience "This Sandwich Has No Mayonnaise" Government lying=phoniness
Missing Holden=where do the ducks go
Hates men, yet wants to hang out with them (phonies)
Talks about Holden like Holden talks about Allie Mark David Chapman
25 year old assassin of John Lennon
Arresting clutching a copy of "The Catcher in the Rye"
"This is my statement" inside his copy
Former mental patient
Attempted suicide twice
Attempted to change name to Holden Caufield
Letter to "The New Yorker"
"This extraordinary book holds many answers" and that "all my efforts will be devoted toward" getting people to read it
John Hinckley Jr.
Attemped assassination of Ronald Reagan
Special fascination with book Effect on History Where are you Holden? Never mind the Missing stuff. Stop playing around. Show up. Show up somewhere. Hear me? It's simply because I remember everything. I can't forget anything that's good, that's why. So listen. Just go up to somebody, some officer or some G.I., and tell them you're Here--not Missing, not dead, not anything but Here. Stop kidding around. Stop letting people think you're Missing. Stop wearing my robe to the beach. Stop taking the shots on my side of the court. Stop whistling. Sit up to the table! "The Stranger" Babe awkward about Vincent’s death like Holden is about Allie’s
Dead Kenneth Caulfield=Allie
Vincent's girl crying=Jane crying
Shows how war affects people in all aspects Your mind, your soldier’s mind, wanted accuracy above all else. So far as details went, you wanted to be the bull’s-eye kid: Don’t let any civilian leave you, when the story’s over, with any comfortable lies. Shoot down all the lies. Don’t let Vincent’s girl think that Vincent asked for a cigarette before he died. Don’t let her think that he grinned gamely, or said a few choice last words. These things didn’t happen. These things weren’t done outside movies and books except by a very, very few guys who were unable to fasten their last thoughts to the depleting joy of being alive. Don’t let Vincent’s girl fool herself about Vincent, no matter how much she loved him. Get your sight picture on the nearest, biggest lie. That’s why you’re back, that’s why you were lucky. Don’t let anybody good down. Fire! Fire, buddy! Now! F. Scott Fitzgerald Influence on direction of career
Wanted to continue Fitzgerald’s work
Writing directly inspired Salinger’s works
Bananafish ending resembles ending of May Day
Alludes to Jay Gatsby Ernest Hemmingway Met Hemmingway at Paris Ritz in 1944
Wrote letters about writing
Arguement inspired scene in Esme Historical Influences on TCITR J.D. Salinger vs. Holden Caulfield
Grew up in upper class New York
Flunked out of Prep Schools
World War II
Robbed millions of youthful innocence
Witnessed slaughter at Normandy
Holden mistrusts society
“Phony” responsibilities of adult life
WWI “War to end all wars”
Phony claim where do the ducks go?
constantly preoccupies him
fear of death
loss of Allie, James Castle Holden is too old divide of children and adults not a kid anymore-not innocent Catcher in the Rye Catcher in the Rye iv Holden- "if a body catch a body comin' through the rye"
Actual- "if a body meet a body comin' through the rye
Holden's misperception of the outside world
misinterprets society Themes/Motiffs
not physically- but mentally lonely
socieyt ignores him and pushes him aside
If you get on the side where all the hot-shots are, then it’s a game, all right—I’ll admit that. But if you get on the other side, where there aren’t any hot-shots, then what’s a game about it? Nothing. No game. Hates phoniness/he lies
Thinks Sally is shallow but dates her for beauty
Anti-religious/donates to nuns
Lonely/purposefully isolated Subject to same human nature as everyone else
Wants to escape but can't
Has strong opinions but abandons them to take the easiest path
Nuns don't fit into society
They're all misfits, therefore they connect
High standard for people/little tolerance for human nature
Cannot find in own self Allie bothers Holden
ironic-he swears a lot
wants to prevent the loss of innocence in others
too late to prevent it in himself From the mind of Holden Caulfield First person point of view
Distorted perceptions vs. reality
What is fact and what is his perception?
Critizing society or finiding fault because he doesn't fit in? Ducks in Lagoon Carousel catches children falling off cliff
ambition-prevent fall from innocence Sexuality a way to break isolation
not mature/emotionally ready
whore in apartment
next step to adulthood
doesn't want to lose innocence Phoniness adults-fake
Hangs out with: Sally
can't sense own phoniness
inevitable Loneliness Criticisms "Holden was not quite so sensitive and perceptive as he, and his creator, thought he was." -Anne Goodman "...an original and gifted writer, a marvelous entertainer, a man free of the slogans and clichés the rest of us fall prey to." -Robert Cole "That's the way it sounds to me, Hel said (a friend of the author), and away she went with this crazy book, The Catcher in the Rye. What did I tell ya, she said the next day. This Salinger, he's a short story guy. And he knows how to write about kids. This book, though, it's too long. Gets kinds of monotonous. And he should have cut out a lot about these jerks and all at that crumby school. They depress me. They really do. Salinger, he's best with real children. I mean the ones like Phoebe, his kid sister. She's a personality. Holden and little Phoebe, Hel said, they kill me. This last part about her and this Mr. Antolini, the only guy Holden ever thought he could trust, who ever took any interest in him, and who turned out queer -- that's terrific. I swear it is." -James Stern "...emotional without being sentimental, dramatic without being melodramatic, and honest without simply being obscene." -Paul Engle "The effort has been made to make the text, told by the boy himself, as accurate and yet as imaginative as possible. In this, it largely succeeds" -Paul Engle Museum Museum no exhibits ever change
only people change
inablitiy to adjust to change
stay a kid Recommendation? Read this book!
(Now!!) Compilation of Salinger's literary genius
Relatable in any era
Moral lessons about life Works Cited Alienation for Self-Protection doesn't understand social interactions
ends up feeling bitter
won't call Jane
afraid to ruin relationship
appears superior to avoid peopld
N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.noahsheldon.com/writings/Salinger-JD-collect.txt>.
"The Praises and Criticisms of J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye." The Praises and Criticisms of J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.levity.com/corduroy/salinger1.htm>.
"Salingerincontext.org." The Influence of Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald on J.D. Salinger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://salingerincontext.org/?p=297>.
"THIS SANDWICH HAS NO MAYONNAISE." THIS SANDWICH HAS NO MAYONNAISE. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.geocities.com/deadcaulfields/This_Sandwich_Has_No_Mayonnaise.htm>. "Award Winning Books by J. D. Salinger." Award Winning Books by J. D. Salinger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.fictionawardwinners.com/author.cfm?id=512>.
Ball, Sarah. "The Gospel According to Holden." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 27 Jan. 2010. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2010/01/27/the-gospel-according-to-holden.html>.
"Both Parties Concerned." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.noahsheldon.com/writings/both-parties-concerned.pdf>.
"The Catcher in the Rye: Background Info." LitCharts.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.litcharts.com/lit/thecatcherintherye/backgroundinfo>.
"The Catcher in the Rye By J. D. Salinger About The Catcher in the Rye Historical Setting." The Catcher in the Rye: About The Catcher in the Rye: Historical Setting. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature/catcher-in-the-rye/about/historical-setting.html>. "The Catcher in the Rye." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/catcher/>.
"The Catcher in the Rye Steaminess Rating." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.shmoop.com/catcher-in-the-rye/sex-rating.html>.
"The Catcher in the Rye Symbolism: Interpretation & Analysis." Bright Hub Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.brighthubeducation.com/homework-help-literature/50708-catcher-in-the-rye-symbolism/>.
"Dead Caulfields." J.D. Salinger Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://deadcaulfields.com/Timeline.html>.
""I'm Crazy", by J.D. Salinger, Collier's Weekly, December 22, 1945, Pp. 36-38." UNZ.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.unz.org/Pub/Colliers-1945dec22-00036?View=PDF>. "J. D. Salinger: Last Day of the Last Furlough." J. D. Salinger: Last Day of the Last Furlough. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://southerncrossreview.org/69/salinger-furlough.htm>.
"J. D. Salinger: The Stranger." J. D. Salinger: The Stranger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.fictioncircus.com/ebooks/salinger/stranger.html>.
"J.D. Salinger Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/jd-salinger-9470070>.
The New Yorker. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://archives.newyorker.com/?i=1946-12-21#folio=086>. Lying form of protection
ex: lying about having to go to the gym
“I’m the most terrific liar you ever saw in your life” (16)
Mad at others for lying and being phony
he does the same thing