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Transcript of John Cabot
In 1474, John Cabot married a woman named Mattea
He eventually had three sons: Ludovico, Sebastiano, and Sancto
Moves to Bristol, England
Moved to Bristol because it was a significant port/ city in Europe and it was facing the West (Cabot wanted to find a sea trade route to China via a North West passage)
It was also known for its ship building and many experienced sailors.
John Cabot wanted to follow in the footsteps of Christopher Columbus and work under the King of England, just as Columbus did for Spain.
On May 2, 1497, John Cabot embarked from Bristol, on his ship, The Matthew.
He was hoping to find a North West passage to Japan or China.
John Cabot and his crew sailed for 50 straight days, until, on June 9, 1497, they reached the "New World" but today we know that as the Americas.
This is where Cabot had some interaction with the First Nations people. When Cabot landed on Newfoundland and Labrador, he thought he had found a "New World" however, as we already know, the First Nations people were already living in the Americas. The only reason John Cabot had called the Americas a "New World" was because it was new to him.
17 days later, John Cabot and his crew sailed back to Bristol
When Cabot arrived in Bristol he achieved fame and glory for his discovery and was also given £10 as a gift!
King Henry VII then granted Cabot with a pension of £20 a year
MOVED TO VENICE
In 1461, his family moved to Venice
This is where Cabot learned to sail and navigate the sea from Italian seamen and merchants
As a young boy living in Venice, John Cabot heard many tales from sailors about their exciting adventures and the riches of the Far East.
He dreamed about finding a new and faster route to these countries in the Far East
He was 11 years old at this time
He was born around 1450 in Genoa, Italy
His birth name was Giovanni Caboto
"Caboto" means “a coastal seaman” which was a common name given to Italian sailors and navigators
His father, Guilo Caboto, was a spice merchant
John Cabot's education consisted of cartography, navigation, astronomy, mathematics and seamanship in his early life
a well-known Italian explorer who found North America under the service of King Henry VII of England.
John Cabot is considered one of history's most mysterious adventurers. Unfortunately the main events of his life were not documented, therefore little detail is known of his voyages, and the exact dates of his life are also unknown.
Birth of John Cabot
KING HENRY VII GRANTS CABOT
On March 5, 1946, the King of England, King Henry VII granted Cabot with the permission to find islands and countries to the north east, and especially the west.
And, of course, Cabot had to sail under the English flag.
First Voyage... Success!
On February 3, 1498, John Cabot was granted another consent to undertake his second voyage.
Around the 25th of July, 1498, Cabot set out with a fleet of 5 ships and 300 men.
At first, the fleet headed north, then sailed along America's east coast, past Newfoundland. Later on, one of the ships had to sail to Ireland because of some damage, so the remaining four ships continued across the Atlantic.
After landing on the east coast of Greenland (which he named Labrador's Land), their journey was made even more difficult by icebergs blocking their route, and the weather, as it was becoming increasing cold.
The crew refused to proceed North, so Cabot decided to turn South along the coast of Greenland, back towards England.
The Death of John Cabot
In 1476, he obtained Venetian citizenship and was naturalized on March 28
This was also the time when John began to help with the family spice trading business
The accurate date or reason for the death of John Cabot was never recorded.
However, the pension granted by King Henry VII to John Cabot continued to be paid unti1 the year of 1499.
Although some sources do say that Cabot never returned to England in his second voyage, it has been reasonably assumed that John Cabot did, in the end, reach England with his returning fleet.
"John Cabot." John Cabot. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/john-cabot.htm
"John Cabot." All About Explorers. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://allaboutexplorers.com/explorers/cabot
"John & Sebastian Cabot." Catholic Encyclopedia: John and Sebastian Cabot. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03126d.htm
"John Cabot Biography." A&E Networks Television. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.biography.com/people/john-cabot-9234057.
"Cabot's Voyage of 1498: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage." Cabot's Voyage of 1498: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/exploration/cabot1498.html
"John Cabot Timeline." John Cabot Timeline. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.datesandevents.org/people-timelines/14-john-cabot-timeline.htm
Joyce Law, Vienna Cheng, Ellen Yam
SS 9 Block C
November 15, 2013