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Mythological Allusion Merchant of Venice

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Carlos Pena

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Mythological Allusion Merchant of Venice

Mythological Allusions

Merchant of Venice

Jason
Dido
Dido was a women who was committed to her marriage with Sychaeus, before he was murdered
After Sychaeus' death, Amor, the god of love, tries to get Dido and Aeneas together, but Dido is still not ready to move on
Amor's magic eventually works and Dido and Aeneas hook up in a cave
When Aeneas leaves Dido, she starts to feel guilt for what she did with Aeneas and thinks about Sychaeus
Dido commits suicide
Scylla and Charybdis
Medea
Was left by her husband, Jason and banished from Cornith by the king Creon
Wants revenge and devises a plan with the extra day she was given in Cornith
She convinces Jason to take her two sons who were banished with her
She takes revenge by killing Jason's new wife, Glauke who gets tricked by Medea to put on a gown that once she wears it, she burns up in flames
Diana
Goddess of the hunt, twin sister of Apollo and swore that she'd never get married
Is bathing in a stream in a forest and sees Actaeon spying on her
Splashes him with water and transforms him into a stag
He gets killed by his dogs
Sibylla
Female prophet
Agrees to make love to Apollo in turn for a wish
She picks up a handful of sand and asks to live a year for each grain in her hand
She gets her wish, but won't be with Apollo
He took away her eternal youth
She keeps getting smaller and smaller, and only wants to die
Orpheus
Married to Eurydice, great singer & is capable of deep love
Eurydice steps on a poisonous snake while trying to avoid Aristaeus, and dies
Orpheus convinces Hades and Persephone to let him have her back as long as he doesn't look back as they exit the Underworld
Orpheus fails, then expresses his depression by singing
Rejects every woman that comes to him, even the Thracians
They rip his limbs apart and toss him into a lake
The Fates
The three fate sisters who control every man's fate
Clotho, who combed and spun the wool yarn life of man
Lachesis, who measured the length of man's life form
Atropos, who cut the yarn, ending the life of whoever the yarn was attached to
Daughters of Zues, who were manipulated by many in the sparring or speeding of death
Hercules
King Midas
Greedy rich man who had everything and wanted more
Gained the power to turn anything he touched to gold
Back fired on him and now couldn't eat, sleep or even hug his daughter
Gave back his ability and learned a fine lesson, becoming more generous than greedy
Hercules, was the son of Zues and Hera
Hera was jealous of Hercules and tried killing him
Hercules was born with incredible super strength even as a baby
Hera was threat to Hercules, so Zues sent him to live on Earth
Mentioned in Act 3 Scene 2
(Heracles, Alcides)
"Now he goes
With no less presence but with much more love
Than young Alcides, when he did redeem
The virgin tribute paid by howling Troy
The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives
With bleared visages come forth to view
The issue of th' exploit. - Go, Hercules!
Live thou , I live. With much, much more dismay
I view the fight than thou that marked the fray"
(3.2.53-62)

"The seeming truth which cunning times put on
To entrap the wisest, Therefore then, gaudy
gold,
Hard food for Midas, I will none of thee"
(3.2.103-106)
"Ergo, Master Launcelot. Talk not of Master Launcelot
,Father, for the young gentleman, according to
Fates and Destinies and such odd sayings, the Sisters Three and such branches of learning, is indeed
decreased, or as as you would say in plain terms,
gone to heaven" (2.2.55-60)
Two evil creatures in mythology who worked together to bring terror to humans
Scylla hid underneath boat decks and grabbed anybody who walked above her
Charybdis was a whirlpool in the ocean who catch people in its cycle
They would catch people by putting them against both the deck and whirlpool, where it didn't matter which they chose, it would be bad either way
-Jason is on search for the Golden Fleece said to
be the most valuable possession.

-His Parents were killed for their throne by his uncle
-In exchange for the Golden Fleece, he will regain his throne
-Portia is compared to as the Golden Fleece and Bassanio, along with other suitors, are compared to Jason on search for her.
"Hang on her temples like a golden fleece
which makes her seat of Belmont Colchos'
strand, and many Jasons come in quest
of her"
Cupid
-He is known as the god of love
-Hes also the some of the goddess of beauty Venus
-He has a relationship with a women named Pyche
-Said to resemble a baby boy with a bow and arrows

-He relates to the story because of the abundance of romance in this play (E.g Portia and Bassonio, Lorenzo and Jessica)

"For if they could Cupid himself would
blush to see me thus transformed
to a boy"
Aeneas
-Son of Aphrodite and Anchises
-He was a Prominent role in defending Troy from the Greeks
-Eventually he betrayed Troy to the Greeks and survived the war
-He fell in love with a women named Dido but abandoned her
-He then sailed to Tiber. He was resented by the Italians because of he Trojan background
-War broke out and King Latinus' wife, who resented him the most, died
-Aeneas married Princess Lavinia and they both founded Lavinium

-His role in the story is to illustrate other lovers that Lorenzo is comparing his love with Jessica to.
"If I live to be as old as Sibylla, I will die as chaste as/Diana, unless I be obtained by the manner of my/father's will." (1.2.102-104)
"By the sweet power of music: therefore the poet/Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and floods" (5.1.79-80)
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