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COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING
Transcript of COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
This method is based partly in the theories of Brititish functional linguists such as: Firth, Halliday, and the American sociolinguistics Hymes, Gumperz and Lavob.
Country of Origin: Great Britain & U.S.A
What Is Communicative Language
CLT is interested in giving students the skills to be able to communicate under various circumstances. As such, it places less emphasis on the learning of specific grammatical rules and more on obtaining native-speaker-like fluency and pronunciation. Students are assessed on their level of communicative competence rather than on their explicit knowledge.
The Goals of Language Teaching
Knowing how to use language for a range of different purposes and functions.
Knowing how to vary our use of language according to the setting and the participants (e.g., knowing when to use formal and informal speech or when to use language appropriately for written as opposed to spoken communication)
Perhaps the majority of language teachers today, when asked to identify the methodology they employ in their classrooms, mention “communicative” as the methodology of choice.
Which of the statements below do you think characterizes communicative language teaching?
1. People learn a language best when using it to do things rather than through studying how language works and practicing rules.
2. Grammar is no longer important in language teaching.
3. People learn a language through communicating in it.
4. Errors are not important in speaking a language.
5. CLT is only concerned with teaching speaking.
6. Classroom activities should be meaningful and involve real communication.
7. Dialogs are not used in CLT.
8. Both accuracy and fluency are goals in CLT.
9. CLT is usually described as a method of teaching.
How Learners Learn a Language
Interaction between the learner and users of the language
Collaborative creation of meaning
Creating meaningful and purposeful interaction through language
Learning through attending to the feedback learners get when they use the language
Paying attention to the language one hears (the input) and trying to incorporate new forms into one’s developing communicative competence.
The Kinds of Classroom Activities That Best
pair work activities, role plays, group work activities and project work.
According to Richards & Rodgers, there are three basic types of material (2001, p.168). These are text-based materials, task-based materials and realia.
Role of the teacher: the teacher facilitates the communication in the classroom, and he also acts like an adviser and a guide.
Role of the student: Ss are communicators. They are actively engage in trying to make themselves understood and in understanding others.
Students can have incomplete knowledge but still communicate effectively.
limite instructional hours
Activities are difficult to monitor
clear and specific main topics (situations)
Real life situations and communication are unpredictable.
not suitable for all levels
Low proficiency students who do not have the necessary communicative competence to carry out the activity.