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Reading & Writing in College
Transcript of Reading & Writing in College
In college, you'll need to read like "a writer," which means thinking about WHAT the writer says and HOW he or she says it.
Are the writer's strategies effective?
What details does the writer use to develop his or her ideas?
Are there transitions? Does the essay "flow"?
What can you learn from this text?
The Rhetorical Situation
When you write or read, consider the RHETORICAL SITUATION. This includes:
The Writing Process
Writers use different strategies, but most follow a pattern when they write, going through the following stages:
The Thesis Statement
The thesis statement is the most important part of an essay,
but what is it?
What makes a thesis statement strong?
What makes a thesis statement weak?
Reading & Writing In College:
Essays & Paragraphs
Active vs. Passive Reading
To remember the material in a text, you must be an ACTIVE reader. There are three parts of
(1). Pre-Reading--Intro; SKIM; Why was this assigned?
(2). Reading--Engage the text (annotate, highlight, circle/underline); SCAN; have a conversation with the text.
(3). Post-Reading--Endnote; write a summary (facts first, then your reaction).
When you read in college, you need to
But what IS critical thinking?
What does it mean to think critically?
To think critically about a topic, you must:
Anticipate Objections or Opposing Views
Demand Supporting Evidence for Claims
Look Up Sources of Information Yourself
Imagine that you are a police officer.
is why you are writing. When you read your assignment, look for words like
"define," "analyze," or "argue."
What other reasons might you have for writing?
is the person(s) who will read your work. Ask yourself:
(1). Who will read this?
(2). How much do they already know?
(3). What else do they need to know?
(4). Do they already agree/disagree with me?
(5). Could the audience's background influence their interpretation of my essay?
Occasion / Context
You also need to consider the
, in which your writing will be received. Ask yourself:
(1). Does this project require research or sources?
(2). Do I need to use visuals, charts, or graphs?
(3). Will this text be print or electronic form?
(4). Will it be written or oral communication?
is when writers generate ideas.
What planning strategies have you used when you write?
Try some of these:
Free Writing Reading/Research
Mapping Keeping a Journal
Asking Questions Grouping
When you begin writing a draft, remember:
(1). Gather Materials BEFOREHAND
(2). Don’t Slow Down
(3). Pursue New Ideas as you Write
(4). Set a Goal
(5). Write the Introduction AFTER the Body
(6). “Cool Off” before you Revise
What is revision? How is it different from editing or proofreading?
: “re-seeing” the essay; consider ALL parts of the essay.
: correcting errors in grammar, syntax, punctuation, and word choice; more “local” concerns than revision.
: slow, methodical search for errors in spelling, punctuation, word choice, formatting, etc.
The thesis statement is the
of your essay. The thesis also:
(1). Combines Subject + Significance
(2). Appears in the Introduction
(3). Answers a Question, Proposes a
Solution, or Takes a Position
(4). May be “Implied”
What Isn't a Thesis Statement?
Remember, a thesis statement IS NOT:
A Statement of Fact
A Topic Sentence
Writing Essays & Paragraphs
Paragraphs are essential for all essays; in essence, they are a group of related sentences that all support a main idea (topic sentence). Paragraphs should be:
Not too Long/Short
*What is the
*What is a
a thesis statement?
are words, phrases, or sentences that indicate how the ideas you present are connected. Use transitions to indicate:
paragraphs to show how sentences relate to the topic sentence.
paragraphs to show how they support the thesis statement.