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The Origins of Greek Drama
Transcript of The Origins of Greek Drama
The Rise of Greek Drama
was put into use
-Began during the
Vibrant costumes, masks, and sets were used to add to the story.
, and their
duties owed to the gods
inspired their plays.
also known as the
'Age of Pericles'
461 - 429 BC
were 2 main genres.
A chorus that sang, danced, and recited poetry was usually included.
Plays were held in outdoor theaters which were built on hillsides.
525- 456 BCE
FAMOUS ANCIENT GREEK TRAGEDIANS
Dithyrambs - singing/dancing to hymns for Dionysus
The first theaters were built in the west.
- It supported
goal to glorify Athens.
Orchestra -performance space
Skeme - where actors enter & change costumes
deus ex machina (god from a machine) - used to lower down a "god" on stage
eccyclema - movable platform
- Made it possible for
- Added a
priority to dialogue
than song by the chorus
His cult influenced the form of tragedy.
His celebrants wore goat skins which gave tragedy its meaning.
- Main character is usually a
with a devastating
God of fertility, wine, and poetry.
Festivals were held in him name.
- He fought in the
which inspired his work
He was the author of
- It's an
expression of civic pride
tribute to the gods
ridiculed politics, respected people, and ideas
- Characters are usually
laughter through natural humor
- May have started through
in Dionysus' name
A story about
who has returned from his
battle at Troy
. Unknowing he has been
cursed by his previous wrong-doings
, he will
encounter his death
in the arms of his wife.
- He wrote about 80-90 plays, but
only 7 are intact
Greatest comic dramatist
Author of The Birds, The Clouds, Lysistrata, etc.
Wrote about 40 plays, but only 11 are preserved
, but only
in 2 wars, a
, and a
- His work was separated in
1. Work inspired by Aeschylus
2. "Harsh and contrived" style
3. "Most suited to depicted character"
Best model of classic tragedy.
includes well-used dramatic irony
It's mainly about Oedipus who is
unaware of his background
kills his father
marries his mother.
Daughter of Oedipus
play is seen as "
justification for civil disobidience
After the exile of her father, she sets out on a journey with her sister to
reunite with her brothers
who get killed later on.
6th century BC: Thespis adds dialogue into the drama which used to just be choral singing and dancing
Actors were then called Thespians
Began with religious celebrations for Greek gods and goddesses.
Transformed from reciting stories to acting them out
Athens was the center of these traditions