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The Origins of Greek Drama

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Danielle Dizon

on 10 April 2015

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Transcript of The Origins of Greek Drama

The Origins of Greek Drama
The Rise of Greek Drama
Aeschylus
Sophocles
- a
3rd actor
was put into use
Tragedy
Comedy
-Began during the
Golden Age
Vibrant costumes, masks, and sets were used to add to the story.
Justice
,
leadership
, and their
duties owed to the gods
inspired their plays.
also known as the
'Age of Pericles'
461 - 429 BC
Tragedy

&

comedy

were 2 main genres.
A chorus that sang, danced, and recited poetry was usually included.
Plays were held in outdoor theaters which were built on hillsides.
Aeschylus
525- 456 BCE
Sophocles
FAMOUS ANCIENT GREEK TRAGEDIANS
Dithyrambs - singing/dancing to hymns for Dionysus
The first theaters were built in the west.
- It supported
Pericles'
goal to glorify Athens.
Orchestra -performance space
Skeme - where actors enter & change costumes
deus ex machina (god from a machine) - used to lower down a "god" on stage
Theatron
eccyclema - movable platform
497-406 BCE
-Means "
goat-song
"
-Based on
myths
and
legends
- Made it possible for
2 men
to play
multiple roles
- Added a
2nd actor
which gives
priority to dialogue
than song by the chorus
His cult influenced the form of tragedy.
His celebrants wore goat skins which gave tragedy its meaning.
- Main character is usually a
hero
with a devastating
flaw
God of fertility, wine, and poetry.
Festivals were held in him name.
Dionysus
- He fought in the
Persian wars
which inspired his work
He was the author of
The Oresteia.
- It's an
expression of civic pride
& a
tribute to the gods
.
-Scenes usually
ridiculed politics, respected people, and ideas
- Characters are usually
low-ranked people
that influence
laughter through natural humor
- May have started through
lively celebrations
in Dionysus' name
A story about
King Agamemnon
who has returned from his
battle at Troy
. Unknowing he has been
cursed by his previous wrong-doings
, he will
encounter his death
in the arms of his wife.
- He wrote about 80-90 plays, but
only 7 are intact
.
Aristophanes
Greatest comic dramatist
Author of The Birds, The Clouds, Lysistrata, etc.
Wrote about 40 plays, but only 11 are preserved
- Wrote
123 plays
, but only
7 survived
.
-Was a
general
in 2 wars, a
treasurer
, and a
commissioner
- His work was separated in
3 periods
.
1. Work inspired by Aeschylus
Ajex (465-450)
2. "Harsh and contrived" style
Antigone (442-441)
3. "Most suited to depicted character"
His maturity
Author of
Oedipus Rex
429 BC
Best model of classic tragedy.
includes well-used dramatic irony
It's mainly about Oedipus who is
unaware of his background
and mistakenly
kills his father
and
marries his mother.
Author of
Antigone
442-441 BCE
Daughter of Oedipus
play is seen as "
justification for civil disobidience
"
After the exile of her father, she sets out on a journey with her sister to
reunite with her brothers
who get killed later on.
Early Theater
6th century BC: Thespis adds dialogue into the drama which used to just be choral singing and dancing
Actors were then called Thespians
Origins
Began with religious celebrations for Greek gods and goddesses.
Transformed from reciting stories to acting them out
Athens was the center of these traditions
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