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Chapter 23: The Reconstruction Era
Transcript of Chapter 23: The Reconstruction Era
-Taxpayers blamed the new leaders in the South for stealing their tax dollars.
-Democrats wanted to return the South to "white man's rule." The Enforcement Acts -Three laws passed in 1870 and 1871 made
preventing voting with scare tactics, force, or
-Troops were sent in by President Grant to enforce these acts. The Election of 1876 -Hayes (Republican) received 165 electoral votes, Tilden (Democrat) received 184.
-20 votes undisputed votes
-Congress gave Hayes the extra 20 votes. 23.6 Reconstruction Reversed -Southern leaders dreamed of creating a "New South"
-Textile mills grew rapidly
-However, racism and segregation also grew Losing Ground in Education -Democrats cut spending on public education in southern states
-Many schools closed or charged fees
-Only half of black children in the south attended school by 1880 Losing Voting Rights -Southern states charged fees in order to vote
-Some states required one to pass a rigged literary test before being able to vote
-Many of these laws included a "grandfather clause" White Terrorism Amnesty Act of 1872 The Compromise of 1877 Drawing a "Color Line" Plessy v. Ferguson 23.7 Responding to Segregation Migration Self-Help The End -Democrats tried to win black voters from the Republicans, or using legal tricks to prevent them from voting.
-When those failed, many whites formed secret societies, to drive African Americans away from politics -Northerners began losing interest
-Former confederates could vote
-South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida were the only remaining Republican-controlled states in the South by 1876. -Hayes was allowed to be president
- Hayes gave the south "the right to control their own affairs"
-Democrats quickly regained control of the South -Many laws banning segregation were reversed by Democrats in Congress
-These were referred to as "Jim Crow" laws. -Speaking out against segregation was very dangerous in the South
-Many of those who spoke out were lynched or mudered
-In the 1890s, someone was lynched in the U.S. nearly every day. -Some African Americans chose to return to Africa
-Others moved west to become cowboys or soldiers
-Many left for Kansas in the "Exodus of 1879" -Most African Americans stayed in the South
-The number of black-owned businesses grew steadily Quiz 1. What methods did Democrats use to regain control in the South?
2. What did the Amnesty Act of 1872 grant to former Confederates?
3. How were the results of the election of 1876 controversial?
4. What did the "grandfather clause" say?
5.The Supreme Court ruled that Jim Crow laws were constitutional as long as _________
6. What could happen to someone who spoke out against segregation in the South? Answers 1. Bibliography -Google Images -Brown Book
pages 323-325 Answers They tried winning black voters away from the
Republicans, legal tricks, and violence/terrorism
The right to vote
Congress gave all 20 undisputed votes to Rutherford B. Hayes
If your grandfather could vote at a certain date, then you didn't have to take a voting test.
White and black facilities were equal
They would be lynched, or killed 1.
6. -Homer Plessy was arrested for disobeying a Jim Crow law, and took his case to the supreme court
-Many African Americans said Jim Crow laws violated the 14th amendment
-The Supreme Court ruled that Jim Crow laws were constitutional as long as black and white facilities were equal. Legend -WRITE THIS DOWWWWN -Don't have to write it down, but it's a good idea