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Redesigning the School Report Card (Short)
Transcript of Redesigning the School Report Card (Short)
What and Why?
Which Data Are Most Important?
How do you like to look at data?
We have many options for presenting data in reports. I'm interested in learning which formats you're most comfortable with.
How do you want these data delivered?
Our Starting Point
Federal law requires states and school districts to prepare reports for each school that summarizes the school's performance over the past year.
This document summarizes:
broken out by student group
Our latest school accountability
College Going and Credit Accumulation
Why change things?
The data are changing
We've moved from a No Child Left Behind Accountability System to a system called Strive HI
The new system is far more holistic, and includes a much more representative set of measures
We have more tools at our disposal to create
We believe we can do better
We think these compliance reports could become something more, and we want to do a better job of sharing data with the community
My Task (with your help)
Figure out which data are meaningful
Determine how best to represent those data
Learn how to deliver those data the best
People consume information in different ways. What type of learner are you?
I need a hard copy
My whole life is online
One of the easiest and most traditional ways to distribute information has been in paper copies of reports sent to schools.
Parents and community members can access those documents in schools or can put the finished copies online for people to print themselves.
Many of us use the internet regularly but still print out the things that need close attention.
Having data online allows us to share more and also allows for the user to customize what she wants better. The downside is that translating the web to the printed page can sometimes be hard.
The Most Common
Common, but also commonly misread
Uncommon, but can be useful
Tables are very common. We see them all the time and understand how to read them. They help us look up exact values, but require some close reading to discern patterns from.
Bar charts do a nice job of helping us compare values and sort out patterns visually.
These might be the second most common chart form.
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Line charts do a great job of plotting data over time, and are very common in our daily lives. The tradeoff can be that the trend sometimes overwhelms the individual data points.
Stacked bar charts help us see part to whole relationships or combine meaningful categories in one comparison. The downside is that sometimes occasionally it is difficult to compare between categories.
We'd still keep some of the main materials in hard copy form
The most extreme, but most flexible option would be to house all of the reports and visualizations online.
This would allow us to share more data and let users sort through it themselves. The downside is that you'd have to find your way to what you need, and that it might not translate well to a hard copy.
681 - 2164
1. Collect yours and others' feedback in person
2. Create prototypes
3. Share prototypes and collect feedback electronically
4. Publish new report cards late summer or early fall
What We're Leaning Toward
Scatterplots are very good at showing the relationship between two variables.
However, they can sometimes overwhelm people with data and can lead to simplistic conclusions about causation.
Histograms are graphs that illustrate how a certain data element is distributed.
The data are grouped into "bins" and then we observe how common certain data values are.
Because we don't see these charts very often, they are often poorly understood, but they do a much more complete job of summarizing the full extent of a data element as opposed simply looking at an average.
Sparklines are simply line charts that are used to summarize change over time for a large number of categories at once.
While not designed to show explicit detail, we learn about past trends and are able to see a lot of data at one time.
The downside is that they are largely unfamiliar to people and take a bit of education to understand.
If I had to guess...folks would prefer a hybrid approach
We'd try and improve our online presence
School Name: <Enter Text Here>
Which would hopefully drive people to the printable reports they need
For individual schools
Multiple page deep dive
For regions/complex areas
Multiple page deep dive
For parents interested in specific populations
Comparison reports on schools
Data specific to those populations
Tell me once again what your preferences are
What have people said so far
Types of data
What to study
How Might We Translate That Framework?
Student population characteristics (enrollment, student sub-groups, etc.)
Staff characteristics (years of service, qualifications, etc.)
Characteristics of the building
Relative to other schools
Offerings for both students and parents
On standardized tests
On things other than tests (grades, attendance, discipline, etc.)
Gaps between students in the school
What is most important to you?
You tell me with your phone or mobile device
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