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SORA The genus Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae)

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Cássio van den Berg

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of SORA The genus Cattleya Lindl. (Orchidaceae)


The genus
Cattleya
Lindl. (Orchidaceae)

Cássio van den Berg
Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana
Brazil

C. alvarenguensis
C. alvaroana
C. angereri

C. bradei
C. cinnabarina
C. colnagoi

C. caulescens
C. conceicionensis
C. crispata
C. endsfedzii
C. briegeri
C. esalqueana
C. blumenscheinii
C. flavasulina
C. fournieri
C. ghillanyi
C. gloedeniana
C. guanhanensis

C. hatae
C. hegeriana

M.A.Campacci
F.E.L.Miranda
C. harpophylla

C. hoehnei
C. itambana
C. kautskyana

M.A.Campacci
F.E.L.Miranda
Jay Norris
R. Vasconcelos
C. kettieana
C. kleberi
C. liliputana
C. luetzelburgii
C. pendula
C. pabstii
C. pfisteri

C. presidentensis
C. sanguiloba

C. rupestris

C. tereticaulis

C. vandenbergii

C. vasconcelosiana
C. verboonenii
C. reginae

C. longipes
C. viridiflora
C. milleri

C. mirandae

M.A.Campacci
F.E.L.Miranda
M.S.Morimoto
C. munchowiana
C. marcaliana
C. neokautskyi
M.A.Campacci
F.E.L.Miranda
C.F.Verola
Ron Parsons
F.E.L.Miranda
F.E.L.Miranda
F.E.L.Miranda
F.E.L.Miranda
M. Rosim
M. Rosim
M. Rosim
M. Rosim
K.G.Lacerda Jr.
R. Vasconcelos
F.E.L.Miranda
F.E.L.Miranda
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
G.Y.Gee
M.A.Campacci
The genus
Cattleya
(Orchidaceae)
ESALQ/Universidade de São Paulo
Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Dr. F.G.Brieger
C. acuensis
C. alagoensis
C. brevipedunculata
C. cernua
C. coccinea
C. dichroma
C. mantiqueirae
C. pygmaea
C. wittigiana
C. alaorii
C. bicalhoi
C. jongheana
C. praestans
C. pumila
C. sincorana
C. crispa
C. grandis
C. lobata
C. perrinii
C. purpurata
C. tenebrosa
C. virens
C. xanthina
C. aurea
C. dowiana
C. gaskelliana
C. iricolor
C. jenmanii
C. labiata
C. luteola
C. mendelii
C. mooreana
C. mossiae
C. percivaliana
C. quadricolor
C. rex
C. schroederae
C. trianae
C. warneri
C. warscewiczii
C. aclandiae
C. nobilior
C. walkeriana
C. violacea
C. forbesii
C. harrisoniana
C. intermedia
C. loddigesii
C. amethystoglossa
C. bicolor
C. dormaniana
C. elongata
C. granulosa
C. guttata
C. kerrii
C. porphyroglossa
C. schilleriana
C. schofieldiana
C. tenuis
C. tigrina
C. velutina
C. lawrenceana
C. lueddemanniana
C. wallisii
C. maxima
C. araguaiensis
Cattleya intermedia
- wet forest epiphyte
Cattleya sincorana
- specialized epiphyte on
Vellozia
Cattleya amethystoglossa
- desert epiphyte
Cattleya granulosa
- sand dunes
Cattleya kleberi
- bare rock
Cattleya
history
Cattleya
(pre-DNA)
+
Brazilian
Laelias
+
Sophronitis
Cattleya
modern sense
John Lindley (1799-1865)
H.G.Reichenbach (1823-1889)
José M. C. Vellozo (1742-1811)
Carl Kunth (1788-1850)
The first
Cattleya
-
C. labiata
William Swainson (1789-1855)
England
1816
Recife
Glasgow
1817
William Cattley - 1818
John Lindley
1817
Rio de Janeiro
England - 1817
C. labiata
C. warneri
1st shipment
2nd shipment
Pedra da Gávea
visit of George Gardner (1836) - Rio de Janeiro
Cattleya lobata
X
Cattleya labiata
1889
- Cattleya labiata
rediscovered in Pernambuco
Taxonomy and Classification
The impact of DNA data
Apostasioideae
Cypripedioideae
Vanilloideae
Orchidoideae
Epidendroideae
5 orchid subfamilies
Mexico
Brazil
new

Cattleya
based on DNA
(van den Berg
2008)
from
Laelia
from
Sophronitis
section
Cattleya
subgenus
Intermediae
section
Lawrenceanae
section
Crispae
series
Cattleyodes
series
Hadrolaelia
series
Parviflorae
series
Sophronitis
subgenus
Maximae
subgenus
Cattleyella
series
Microlaelia
114 species
4 subgenera
3 sections
5 series
subgenus
Cattleya
50 genera
Populational / Species Biology / Conservation
Why there are so many species?
Can species really be recognized from in a biological sense?
adaptation to different habitats
allopatry
=
species do
not overlap
section
Cattleya
and
Lawrenceanae
20 spp.
Section
Crispae
series
Cattleyodes
series
Hadrolaelia
series
Microlaelia
series
Parviflorae
series
Sophronitis


C.loddigesii
C.harrisoniana
C.intermedia
C.forbesii
C. guttata
C.tigrina
Subgenus
Intermediae
23 spp.

strong overlap
in ranges

Ecological Speciation
different pollinators
different use of pollinators
different flowering times

"
loddigesii
" genome

winter flowering
summer flowering
"
harrisoniana
" genome
gene flow (introgression)
Natural hybrids in
Cattleya
C. dolosa
(
loddigesii
×
walkeriana
)
C. elegans
(
tigrina
×
purpurata
)
C. albanensis
(
grandis
×
warneri
)
C. aclandiae
C. nobilior
C. walkeriana
C. violacea
C. forbesii
C. harrisoniana
C. intermedia
C. loddigesii
C. amethystoglossa
C. bicolor
C. dormaniana
C. elongata
C. granulosa
C. guttata
C. kerrii
C. porphyroglossa
C. schilleriana
C. schofieldiana
C. tenuis
C. tigrina
C. velutina
subgenus
Intermediae
Phylogeny of subgenus
Intermediae
(plastid genome x nucleus)
C. aclandiae
C. nobilior
C. walkeriana
C. violacea
C. forbesii
C. harrisoniana
C. intermedia
C. loddigesii
C. amethystoglossa
C. bicolor
C. dormaniana
C. elongata
C. granulosa
C. guttata
C. kerrii
C. porphyroglossa
C. schilleriana
C. schofieldiana
C. tenuis
C. tigrina
C. velutina
future "species"
Conservation
how narrow is the distribution of a species
how accessible are the sites
collected by humans
eaten by animals
burned in fires
how attractive for other land uses
deforestation
mining
1872
1890 "extinct"
by collection
"rediscovered"
C. endsfeldzii
habitat
C. pabstii
habitat
C. endsfeldzii
"IRON
QUADRANGLE"
Iron "Gossan"
C. milleri
C. longipes
C. crispata
C. caulescens
widespread in Gossan
Thank you
C. mendelii
Deforestation
872m
extract DNA
sequence
parts of the
genome
DNA sequence
matrix
van den Berg
et al. 2005
C. caulescens
habitat
C.crispata
habitat
http://www.aguasdogandarela.org
F. Pupulin
zwab.com
Gerahrd Waller
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim

D.H.Batista
C.N.Fraga
C.N.Fraga
C.N.Fraga
C.N.Fraga
Ecuagenera
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
F. Pupulin
M. Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
D.H. Batista
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
Rudolf Jenny
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
Jay Norris
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
L.F. Varella
Eric Hunt
C.R. Buzatto
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
K. Senghas
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
E. Lucke
Phillip Cribb
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
K. Senghas
M. Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
R. Jenny
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
Ecuagenera
F.E.L. Miranda
C. van den Berg
G.R. Chiron
F.E.L.Miranda
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
M. Rosim
M.Rosim
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
Cattleya caulescens
Cattleya trianae
C. van den Berg
C
http://www.aguasdogandarela.com
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
C. van den Berg
Full transcript